The world’s fastest animals
A representative of the animal Kingdom has its own distinctive abilities: some animals are well hidden, others can jump very high, and there are those who have the ability to gain greater speed. For many terrestrial animals the ability to move quickly allows you to get food or to evade the teeth of their enemies. And the world’s fastest animals is not only on land but in air and in water.
The fastest land
A leader among land animal is the Cheetah, which can reach speeds of maximum up to 120 km/h. In fact, the moving speed of this beautiful cat is a short time. However, at speeds up to 90 km/h animal can catch its prey for several minutes. At this rate, a Cheetah can run at a distance of four hundred meters. Therefore, all attempts of his victims, which is always much below the speed of a Cheetah, to escape from persecution, are doomed to failure – even a few minutes of running at a fast pace allows the predator to forage for food.
Second on the list among the world’s fastest animals that live on land, is the pronghorn antelope, sometimes called simply «Vilanova». Its maximum speed 115 km/h, but this is assuming that running this antelope is distance, approximately equal to 200 meters. If distance running will be more (e.g., 1 kilometer), the speed developed Vilanova, will be 105 km/h. Besides, another feature of this animal is the ability to overcome six-foot in height and six in length obstacles.
Third on the list among the world’s fastest animals are the Gazelle. But the greatest speed is able to develop the Gazelle Grant’s – 90 km/h. However, there are cases that this kind of gazelles were running at a speed of 105 km/h. The difference between these animals extraordinary endurance with a speed of about 50 km/h they can run quite a long distance.
Somewhat slower run Gazelle Thomson, a speed record which is 94 km/h. The average rate of speed of their movement equal to about 87 km/h. This ghazal has the ability to jump high in running, which gives her a huge advantage when trying to outrun a Cheetah.
Also quickly running Wildebeest, which prefer to live in herds and can move at speeds up to 80 km/h. At this speed, they can race at a sufficiently large distance. If the running distance is smaller, the speed reaches 90 km/h.
The fastest flying
The world’s fastest bird the peregrine Falcon belongs to the family Falcon. Moreover, it is fast and among all the birds. The flight of a dive the peregrine Falcon can carry at the speed of 350 km/h. This speed allows the falcons to quickly catch up with their prey, producing their own food. However, such a speed peregrine can develop only in a dive the way of flight, and horizontal flight, the fastest bird «passes» swift, who practically lives in flight and can reach speeds of 150 km/h.
A little less than the rate of the direct flight shows the Siberian Albatross, which for eight hours can fly at a speed of 130 km/h.
Surprising speed characteristics and Buldakova bat that lives in Mexico. It is able to fly at a speed of 97 km/hour. To develop speed to the max, this bat uses the wind and maneuvering the tail.
The fastest floating
Someone will say that water is not an opportunity to demonstrate high-speed characteristics. However, among aquatic creatures there are Champions for the development of speed, which can move in water with much greater velocity than terrestrial creatures. For example, that lives in all the oceans of our planet and got behind the dorsal fin, known as the sailfish is capable of speeds of up to 109 km/h. This fish has a pretty impressive size – in length it grows to 3.5 meters, and it weighs about 100 kg.
However, the swordfish and the black Marling manages to do better than develops the most fish-sailboat speed: the fish can swim at a speed of 130 km/h and black Marling – at the speed of 120 km/h.