The widest river in Russia

On the map of Russia can count 2 500 000 rivers, big and small, wide and not very. On average, they are quite small – no more than 100 km, the width rarely reaches 60 m, there are quite large, where the right Bank from the left parts of 150 meters. But there are real giants — it’s Cupid, whose width in some areas up to 50 km, Lena – 20-30 km, the Volga – 27, 5 km of Kama – 20 km, and the Title of «the most extensive river of Russia» is Ob. However, we will not belittle the greatness of the Ob and remember that this river is the biggest river of the world.


Takes its beginning In the South of the country, and the way it lies in the direction of Western Siberia. Surprisingly, almost parallel to the direction of the big Yenisei river. Your shelter is in the waters of the Kara sea. It is a huge Bay called the Ob lip. This Bay is characterized by the absence of river pumps, called the type of the estuary. The river is fed by melt water. It’s easy to assume that most of the runoff accounts for the spring months, however, a significant rise in water level happens at the stage of freeze-up.


The total length of the river – 3,650 km, if you add on to that the source of the Irtysh river, you get more than 5400 km and a Large part of the river is on the West Siberian plain. The river overcomes several climatic zones. One of them grow grapes, melons, watermelons, and a few hundred kilometers down the tundra and harsh climate. The nature of the flow Obi, it can be divided into three parts.

The upper river extends to the mouth of Tom, the river here is quite shallow and relatively narrow. Middle part ends where the water of the Ob merge with the waters of the Irtysh. Here the river, filled with water, measured flows through the forest. Here the river valley is about 20 km, the depth of the river goes down to 8 meters. And from the mouth of the Irtysh river, the depth of the river increases dramatically and reaches up to twenty meters. The shore of the Ob are very different – one is flat, the other steep. Here is the number of ducts that visually it gives the impression of a kind of circulatory system.


Along the river found its place in the city, the village, the largest settlement include:

  • Surgut;
  • Barnaul;
  • Novosibirsk;
  • Kamen-na-Obi;
  • Salekhard;
  • Nizhnevartovsk.


According to one version, the name of the widest river of Russia have received from the Iranian word «about», which means «water». According to another version, the name of the river formed a word from the language of the peoples of Komi, where «Ob» stands for «snow». In General, many of the tribes living near the banks of this river, gave it its own name. For example, «Salle Yam», is Nenets, and translated as «hill river», or «ACE» — a name given to the Khanty and Mansi, in Russian sounds like «big river».


The Ob has a great importance in the development of the regions. Currently, work is underway on the extraction of natural resources like oil and gas. In addition, these places are rich in peat, the total amount of which is comparable to a half of all stocks of the CIS countries taken together.

The riverbed regularly go more than a hundred steamers and nearly three hundred barges.

In the waters of the widest river of Russia contains more than fifty species of fish, some of them industrial. Most valuable:

  • sturgeon;
  • nelma;
  • sturgeon;
  • Peled;
  • SIG.

More than Obi anywhere in Russia do not catch as many fish. However, the tendency of annual decrease in the number of catch. If you compare the 80-ies of the last century and our time, it is obvious that the catch of sturgeon has decreased ten times. Experts see the cause in the development of the Siberian lands, resulting in irretrievably lost fish spawning areas.


However, every year there are half the catch of fish of the whitefish breed is about ten tons.

As for the wildlife, the pool, the widest river of Russia, you can meet hares, wolves, foxes, wild boars. There is also the chance to see lynx, elk, ROE deer, sable, or bear. Representatives from birds – partridges, grouse, black grouse, wood grouse.

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