The tomato is a fruit or a vegetable?
Tomato in Russia is considered to be one of the favorite fruits grown in the garden and eaten almost every. It is from the XVIII century continues to hold a leading position in the vegetable markets, but not all countries recognize it as a vegetable: it is known as the fruit, but somewhere like a berry. So what culture belongs to the popular tomato? You need to understand.
To solve this problem, let us turn to botany. Now, scientists call the fruit all fruits have a fleshy consistency, which develop from a flower and, in addition to all mentioned, are filled with seeds. But under the implied vegetables herbaceous fruit of small size, that grow on soft stems. And all the plants with seeds will be treated to fruit, which in turn are divided into stone fruit (apricots, cherries, plums), fleshy (orange, Apple, melon) and dry (beans, wheat, walnut).
And what is attributed to the tomato? If you rely on the definition given above, it is undoubtedly a fruit, as its flesh is full of seeds, and it develops only with flower. But why, then, not all countries accept the tomato for a fruit? All the matter in the established traditions of each individual people. In different parts of the world different began to call the part of the tomato that is eaten. In Russia she was immediately recognized as a vegetable, but the United States decided that it was a fruit.
History of tomatoes
As a wild plant, the tomato was widely distributed in South America, particularly in Bolivia, Peru and Ecuador. However, in Mexico it is cultivated as a fruit culture and then imported to Europe. The first tomato in the Old World was mentioned in 1555 in Italy, where he was called «Pamid Oro», which translates as «green Apple», then there was fruit. Until 1700, the tomato was considered a delicacy, and some even considered it poisonous. But after rumors of inedible were scattered, it took pride of place on the table almost every European: tomato began to add to soups and hot dishes, and in sauces and salads, and offer the guests to taste them raw.
Only in 1893 the Supreme Court had obtained a verdict, Atassi tomato to the vegetable. This decision caused resentment on the part of the United States, because in their country there was a tax on imported and exported vegetables and fruits it was not. Therefore, the recognition of tomato fruit would significantly reduce its price, especially Botanical science not against it. But the Supreme Court has decided that for its savory taste and for the fact that tomato can be served with dessert, it is nothing but a vegetable. And so it went the views of different countries on this issue, although officially a tomato is still a vegetable. But for our farmers it does not matter. The main thing is that the tomato is really tasty, healthy and versatile fruit.