The southernmost city in Russia
In the world there are a lot of different cities. Each of them is special in its own way. Today we will learn the most southern city in the world and Russia.
The southernmost city in Russia
The southernmost city in Russia is Derbent. It is also the oldest Russian city. You’ll Derbent in the Dagestan Republic, midway between the Caspian sea and the mountain range of the Caucasus.
The population of 94 thousand. The town is situated near the Western shores of the Caspian sea. It covers passage up to 3 km, which lies between the sea and mountain landscape. History of education of the city begins from V century, when the Persians sought to strengthen the Northern border. The city was named after the Persian word «Darband», which translates as the fortress. He had an interesting story in which he had many rulers. In the history of the city observed heavy times of decline and prosperity. He did not immediately become part of Russia. First, they owned the Roman Empire, within which the city suffered from constant attacks and raids. But after the war between the Russians and Persians, thanks to the peace agreement, Derbent became part of Russia. Initially, the city served as the iron gates between Asia and Europe. Arab citizens call Derbent «Gate gate.»
The Caspian sea forms the climate of the city. This alternation has a temperate climate with subtropical. Autumn is quite long and warm, autumn – late winter is not very cold. The snow is over a two week period. The summers are long and hot. The city experiences a huge number of walnut groves and fruit trees. The inhabitants engaged in the cultivation of nuts (almonds and walnuts), fruits (apricots, pomegranates and citrus), and figs. Derbent is a well known supplier of walnut in Russia.
Previously, the city had a special popularity. It was the first city in the manufacture of silk and paper by Chinese technology. In addition, it is a famous trading point between East and Russia. Such times for the city long gone.
- Now in Derbent there are a large number of beautiful locations. Specialized organization UNESCO in 2003 acknowledged that the most ancient area of the city is a world heritage site, highlighting several ancient monuments:
- The Juma Mosque. Was built as a temple, but after the appearance on the territory of Derbent Arab population, was converted into a mosque.
- Armenian Church. Was built in the XVIII century. Now it is a Museum of fine art.
- Naryn – Kala. The fortress area of 4.5 hectares. On-site architectural structures there are water tanks, churches, ruins of old buildings and baths.
The southernmost city in the world
This Ushuaia. The city is the capital of the province of Argentina and Tierra del Fuego. To the South is Chile, where there are a small number of villages, but not cities. Ushuaia lies at the South pole. 30 km away is Cape horn, and 900 km from the town stretches the ice of Antarctica. Therefore, out of the city are about 80 percent of cruises to the icy continent.
The city is located on the southern coast of Tierra del Fuego in a wide Bay. With the Northern part stretching from his mountains, to the South is the Beagle Bay. The population of Ushuaia is about 50 thousand the name of the town was started by British missionaries. They received the local designation of the area Yámana.
In the early 20th century the city was built around the prison. The Argentine government wanted to increase the number of citizens. Prison was a place for dangerous criminals, the type of English Tasmania and the French devil’s Island. Now there are two museums – the prison and the sea. The first builders of the prison, towns and roads were prisoners who came to the island in the first half of the 20th century. Gradually, the city built the port for a comfortable mooring. In the town there are 6 streets, the main of which is the San Martin. Here is also a hotel and shopping complexes, banking institutions and office of the company. Very few people like cold climate and the distant location of the island, so the constant population in the city. In summer there is only +9, winter — 0. But tourists love to visit the most southern city in the world, because from here you can go to bird island or the island of wolves Los Lobos. And visit the quietest place in the world – the station Chaberton and the frozen ice of Antarctica.
In Argentine territory popular BBQ and tea from herbs, with the original name Yerba-mate. Main course dishes is the roast on the spit, skewers or large grid. The present name of the dish is asado.
Local post office you can see the unusual image. Some see in him the fear of the local tribes before the new invention post office. Others believe that the image of the peace and tranquility of the first inhabitants of Ushuaia, which has experienced trying to send messages through the mail.
In the summer you can go to the Martial glacier via cable car, to admire the beautiful scenery and views of the city. In winter, the glacier is being operated as intended, a possible descent down the icy slope. The lift takes eight to ten minutes.
From the airport overlooking the Beagle channel, named after the English ship. Within 5 years the ship was to circumnavigate the globe. One of the passengers of the ship was the scientist Charles Darwin. He wrote wonderful words about the island of Tierra del Fuego.
Summer here lasts from the first month of autumn to the first month of spring. During this period, the city port cruise ships arrive. They travel on the road from Buenos Aires or Rio de Janeiro to Punta arenas, and then through the coast of Chile to Puerto Montt and Valparaiso.