The smallest state in the world
On our planet there are many different States with different form of governance and population. There are countries that occupy hundreds of kilometers of area to view all the state will need more than one week time. And there are those that can be crossed from end to end in one day. The smallest country in the world in differs from its larger neighbors only the size and number of living people. In all other respects it is not inferior to them.
St. Kitts and Nevis, the Western hemisphere
This state is located on two Islands of volcanic origin. The area of the Caribbean, total 261 sq km and a population of 49 000 people. This is mainly descendants of immigrants from African countries who were brought here as slaves in the 18th century.
The capital city is Basseterre on the island of St. Kitts. These Islands were discovered in 1493 by the great Navigator Christopher Columbus. The indigenous population of the Islands were the Indians, and after 100 years began to appear the first settlements of the British and French. Among these States was a bitter struggle for possession of the Islands, but in 1783 all rights in that territory passed to the British.
The modern state of St. Kitts and Nevis has a parliamentary system of governance, which is built on the principle of the British legal and political system. Officially, the government manages the Queen of England, but in fact the country is ruled by the Prime Minister, who is appointed in coordination with the Governor-General.
The national currency of this country – the Eastern Caribbean dollar. Basic income the state receives from the development of the two industries – tourism and agriculture. In recent years, more and more Europeans and Americans come here to work and then remain in the Islands permanently.
One of the smallest countries in the world is located in the Indian ocean. The archipelago consists of 115 Islands and covers an area of 455 sq km and Population of Seychelles is only 84,000 people, mostly parishioners of the Roman Catholic Church. Due to the export of coconut, cinnamon and vanilla, the residents of this state for many centuries had a stable source of income.
In 1976 Seychelles was recognized as an independent state. Since then, the budget is replenished mainly due to the tourist business. Divers come here from all over the world, because the water in the Seychelles one of the cleanest in the world. Also to services of vacationers beaches with warm and clean sand. The locals are happy to accept travelers from all corners of our planet and level of service are the envy of most developed world powers.
Seychelles has a soft warm climate and even in the period when monsoon winds blow, the temperature never drops below 20 degrees Celsius. The official currency of the archipelago – Seychelles rupee. The capital of Seychelles is Victoria.
The Principality Of Liechtenstein
The smallest state in the world is located in the beautiful Alps. Liechtenstein is located between Switzerland and Austria and covers an area of 160.4 sq. km. the Population of the Principality of 35,000, is the capital city of Vaduz. It is the only state in Europe which has an absolute monarchy. The Supreme ruler is the Prince, may appoint officials for any position in the government and dissolve Parliament, if necessary.
From the 15th century BC, Liechtenstein was part of the Roman province, later Emperor Maximilian gave the Vaduz right to sovereignty and the collection of taxes. In 1825 the Duchy was part of the German Union, and is today an independent state. However in the EU Liechtenstein is not included.
Despite its dwarf size, Liechtenstein is a country with one of the highest living standards of citizens. The main source of replenishment of the budget is processing industry, also produces the Liechtenstein postage stamps, which are in demand all over the world.
Art Museum, Liechtenstein national Museum, Museums of the ski and of the press, the castles of Vaduz and Rutenberg – a small part of what you can enjoy traveling to these places. Also of particular interest is the Private art collection of the Prince of Liechtenstein. The main means of transportation among residents of the Principality have a bike and a car, public transport, the bus.
The State Of Tuvalu
One of the smallest countries in the world consists of only a few atolls in the Pacific ocean. The largest of these is located the country’s capital is Funafuti. The area of the state just 26 sq km and a population of slightly more than 11,000 people. But despite such modest size, the country boasts its own airport, where twice a week a plane lands which brings residents all the necessary.
On the Islands there are no useful resources, and the inhabitants can only survive thanks to the aid received from other countries. There are fresh water: local residents collect huge barrels of rain water but in dry seasons it is brought in tankers from neighbouring States.
Until 1978, Tuvalu was a colony of the British Empire. The country often suffers from tropical cyclones which from time to time to the Islands down with terrible force. After one of these cyclone «Bebe» in the country was destroyed almost all the houses and only with the help of the neighboring countries managed to restore the structure.
In Tuvalu, there are no permanent army and political parties, but there is a national police, which monitors social order.
A small country located in the city of the Vatican. It is located in one of the districts of Rome and has a private management structure. His area of 44 hectares and it is under the control of the Pope and cardinals of the Catholic Church.