The smallest island in the world
The smallest island is called Bishop and is located in the South-West of Britain, the archipelago of Scilly. Everything that is there is a lighthouse with a height of a fifteen storey building. The size of the island in sixteen forty-six meters.
The construction of a lighthouse on the smallest island began in the mid 19th century. Ten long years passed before these places started to light the beacon. The first attempt was unsuccessful – a strong wave threw the whole building. A second attempt was made four years later, but before the project was developed, in which it took to get to the island is a huge granite blocks. It took three thousand tons of building materials. After a few years it was decided to strengthen the lighthouse, and then was brought back three tons of plates. It’s kind of matryoshka – a beacon inside the lighthouse. One hundred years of the lighthouse, reached electricity in the late 20th century on the roof of the building had a platform on which he can sit in the helicopter.
On the planet there is no more resource-intensive lighthouse that stands on the island Bishop — 45-meter giant, towering over aggressive waves.
But it pays for itself with a vengeance, these places are more than detrimental. In the seas of great Britain, perhaps, not a more dangerous place. Still alive in the memories of local residents stories about the tragic death squadron under the control of Admiral Cloudesley that occurred in the early 18th century. When the ships «Assasisn», «Needles» and «Romney» collapsed, more than two thousand ordinary members of the crew said farewell to life.
Most interesting is that the disaster could have been avoided. However, the snobbery of the Admiral had to pay a terrible price. The fact that an ordinary seaman, apparently, familiar with the terrain, dare to be the «height of arrogance» and personally warn the Admiral that the ships have taken the wrong course. For such disrespect to the higher rank the poor man hanged from the yardarm… how did it end, we already know. And the Admiral managed to swim to shore. He is however, insensitive noticed fishwife, seeing a gold ring on the hand of her husband, and wanted to take it off. When she failed, the young lady, without thinking twice, cut off that brush.
Since the core of Scilly have a bad reputation – there sank many ships. West winds raise huge waves that run in the space of the Atlantic, collecting all the rage, upon the Outpost of the English channel. George Bailey says: «In 1861, a giant wave rose far above the lighthouse on the granite slab is cast twenty centimeters metal bracket was fixed to the bell. It was located above a hundred feet above the level of the highest tide. So, the power and the height of the waves was such that the bracket granite slabs pulled out like a root from the earth. Of course, the bell, weighing two hundred fifty pounds, fell and broke into pieces.
And a decade after the last event, raised a storm of such force that waves flooded the lighthouse, located at a height of 33 metres above sea level with the head. Imagine what could happen with the ship, among such manifestations of the elements?
Famous cases where ships are trapped, circling the rocks, but the wind literally pushed them to the fatal shore. In calm weather the island is almost invisible due to heavy fog. Many ships were lost off the coast when the captain was within Rennes that runs in the Western part of the channel.
Perhaps many deaths could have been avoided if not for an unfortunate mistake – until the 17th century maps on the smallest island in the world was struck with an error of ten miles to the North.
According to historians, near the South-Western parts of the UK, where is the smallest island in the world, took 20,000 shipwrecks. While around the rest of the coastal zone of that state 25 000. Who wants to read a book that researchers Richard LARN and Clive Carter wrote in 1969. According to rough estimates, the «graveyard of ships» at rest 1250 ships.
The residents of Seeley hunted robbery, for that they, knowing the peculiarity of the local weather, were deceived by the captains. Tied to the horns of a hungry cow a lighted lantern, they let the animal on the coastal meadow. Importantly, the night was dark and bad. In the dark the sailors took the lantern of the lighthouse and took a course on «cow’s lighthouse». It was the last mistake of their lives.
Of course, such a consent could not remain without attention of the authorities, and the serious question was considered at session of the British Parliament. So the decision was made on the construction of the lighthouse. For the locals it was a disaster! So do not be surprised the joy that gripped the population when first built, the lighthouse was demolished by the waves.
As we already know, their joy was short-lived, the lighthouse was built, and it stands to this day. The height of the lighthouse, which stands on the smallest island in the world, was thirty-three meters, and the fire lighted on it, was visible at a distance of ten miles. Subsequently, the building is a little older and began to rise above sea level, 45 meters, and the length of the visibility increased to 18 miles.
To reach the lighthouse by using a boat or helicopter, though the last option will be more expensive. Now the lighthouse ten floors, but are open for viewing not all but only four. Control station is located between the second and fourth floors. If you wish, you can stay at the lighthouse for a few days – if you like rage of the elements, you will find it interesting.
For over 20 years the lighthouse is in offline mode. No more guardians, now it’s empty and dark.