The smallest cities of Russia
Amazing quality of a country can be listed for a long time – first place in area and ninth in terms of population size, unique variety of landscapes within several natural zones, locations simultaneously in two parts of the world… Russia has from 85 subjects, among which about a dozen have received the status of republics and provinces. Some areas have the status of Autonomous regions, there are several cities of Federal significance – the diversity is truly impressive. But the full picture would not have been possible without the submission of the most obscure and smallest of settlements with town status and will be discussed.
1. Chekalin — 964 man
This miniature city is conveniently located on the West of the Tula region, occupying a strip of land along the Oka river. The river always wore for residents Chekalin special meaning, separating the town from the main part of the region. As a crossing for residents there is a small bridge, which becomes completely inaccessible during spring flooding. When this bridge becomes impossible to use, residents Chekalin contact area via the Przemysl or waiting for rescuers, who used every year to create for residents a possibility of crossing through military equipment.
Modest size Chekalin does not harm its glory – on a few narrow and short streets of the city has preserved many examples of the architecture of the last century, and leave those streets to the Central square. Chekalin gives the impression of a city from the past into the modern world has brought some sort of witchcraft. The history small town is also very significant – the current Chekalin wore old name, Likhvin, received during the reign of Ivan the terrible.
The names of the streets Chekalin like prompt where you can enter, leaving the city in the right direction, leaving Chekalin via Kaluga street, a couple can arrive in Kaluga.
Chekalin is not always carried the title of the city with the least number of inhabitants – about 15 years ago, residents were half as much, and in the middle of the last century more than two.
2. The Verkhoyansk — 1,150 people
Yakut small town was also built on the coast of the river with a beautiful female named Ian. Verkhoyansk is the title of the northernmost city of cold of Yakutia, so the second place in the ranking of cities with the smallest population is justified. Among other things, the Verkhoyansk many consider one of the coldest cities in the world – the temperature here has conquered the total of almost 68 degrees below zero. Verhojansk have been arguing for the title of the coldest city with the famous Oymyakon.
Verkhoyansk was founded in the first half of the seventeenth century as Cossack winter quarters, and the status of the city locality was given only in 1817. Nearly a hundred kilometers from the city is the nearest large settlement – Batagay, has the status of a village, has a population of 3.8 thousand residents compared to the 1150 citizens of Verkhoyansk. Most people there were in Verhojansk Millennium – about 2 thousand. Since there is a constant outflow of the population.
3. Vysotsk — 1152 man
Near Viborg is located in the city of Vysotsk, occupying a narrow strip along the coast, the mighty waters of the Gulf of Finland. The first information about the city dates back to 1532 year. In the early XVIII century, when the results of the Northern war managed to win Vyborg, in case of future battles visionary Peter I issued a special decree. It was discussed about the construction of fortifications in the tactically important points, one of which was the narrowest isthmus of the Gulf of Vyborg. Strengthening became known as Trongzund – this city was until 1917. In the USSR the settlement came only in 1940, and after the second world war in a wave of naming the names of the cities heroes Vysotsk was named in honor of Kuzma Vysotsky.
The city has always been a port settlement and short of rest for seafarers in the Northern seas. Today Vysotsk with the mainland joins the modern road and a railway track. After the collapse of the USSR, the city was given the importance of the implementation object of many innovative projects. Today Vysotsk is growing as a center of tourism due to its pleasant climate.
4. Kurilsk — 1,670
A small town on the island of Iturup is the fourth place ranking. The settlement was founded in the second half of the XVIII century on the remains of the ancient settlement of indigenous people, which according to conservative estimates existed in the II Millennium BC. e. Before the settlement was called Xiang. In the early nineteenth century the Islands were occupied by the troops of Japan and the Soviet Union entered the city only at the end of the Second world war and later was renamed as part of a program to eliminate Japanese names.
Today, the city is a large plant in which fish are grown. Other places of work of residents of Kurilsk supplies the construction industry and several research stations that record weather changes, seismic data, and the risk of a tsunami. Here are the space station and to relax the inhabitants of Kuril’sk can be a convenient and modern sports complex with swimming pools, open recently.
The surroundings of the city look bad – life is mostly concentrated in the center, where flashing lights and during favorable weather can get pretty noisy. Transport residents around the island is via taxi. Prices on everything is inflated due to difficulties in delivery of products and fuel. The airport is enjoyed by a few, and most prefer more reliable ships.
5. Artemivsk — 1837 people
Almost 400 kilometers to the South from Krasnoyarsk is located Artemivsk – a small town that was founded in 1700 as a settlement for workers of the local gold mines. Previously, the settlement bore the name of the nearby river Olkhovka. Only 200 years later, in 1931, the settlement received the status of a working settlement, and after 8 years of a city and its current name. Although today in Artemovsk not home, and 2 thousand inhabitants, early in the second half of the XX century the city had more than 13 thousand
Near Artemivsk is a railway line through the station is being unloaded and sent into the city a lot of products, techniques and building materials. Main street today is named in honor of the Olkhovka river, along its right Bank. As before, the inhabitants mainly work in precious metals mining companies and the foresty industry. We are constantly searching for and developing new deposits – local stocks of precious metals is huge and still not fully understood. However, a significant role is played by the remoteness from civilization and high prices due to difficulties of delivery. Many people leave high-paying, but hard work in the mines and go.
Cultural life of the city is virtually absent – the place of leisure activities is simply not available, and the main consolation for locals for a long time there beautiful nature and lake nearby, which was revealed to a curious group of artists.