The Sights Of Budapest

Hungary is a country where the cultural values and historical memory survived the era of totalitarianism and the fascist dictatorship. Despite the mockery of humanity and morality, Hungarians are friendly people. They honor the tradition of passing historical monuments from generation to generation. Budapest – the heart of Hungary. It combines the fast life of the city-the millionaire and the rest of immutable monuments of the past.

If you are planning a vacation in Budapest was in Hungary right now, but don’t know where to go and what to see, then this article is for you. In this article you can find the most famous sights of Budapest, see photos with description on Russian language the most attractive for tourists.

Basilica Tswana

The building is located in pest, near the square of St. Stephen. The construction is made in a simple architectural style: the contours of the buildings are drawn in an elongated triangle, and inside the temple is a longitudinal row of columns. Anthropometric data of the Basilica are impressive: the length of eighty-eight metres, a width of fifty-five and the height of ninety-six. The scale of the construction of the Cathedral comparable to the size of the Parliament building. These two largest buildings in Budapest.

Basilica TswanaBasilica Tswana

Construction on the Basilica began in the nineteenth century. And only after fifty years is over. During the build had three architect, józsef Hild, miklós Ybl and józsef Krauf. The Cathedral was built by the first project. Then it was replaced by Miklos, and finished Basil Krauf.

Inside the monastery there is a huge bell. The weight of a musical instrument equal to nine tons. Also the glass of the monastery is decorated with rare stained glass and mosaics.

Central Synagogue

The Synagogue is in the Jewish quarter of Pesty. The size structures of the imagination: it ranks second in the world among all synagogues and is the largest in Europe.

Near the Central synagogue is home to a large portion of Hungarian Jews. Ancient nation honors the traditions of their ancestors and visit a Holy place once a week.

Ludwig förster, architect of the synagogue. The husband designed the building and turned into a global celebrity. Within five years, the builders erected the structure. Workers completed the construction in one thousand eight hundred and fifty-ninth year.

Central SynagogueCentral Synagogue

Förster used the pseudo-Moorish-style visantisky: the top two domes, similar to the size of the bulb with a one-story house. The idea came to mind to local residents. Therefore, they have attracted two architects: Pridesa Tesla and józsef Hilda. The creators filled religious monument new ideas and chips. Thanks to them, we see the synagogue with three naves of white and red stone. On top of the building is embellished with cornice and ceramic colors of the rainbow.

Parameters:

  • Area synagogues – one thousand two hundred square meters.
  • The height is forty-four meters.
  • The capacity is three thousand people.

Building destroyed during the Second World War. But the Jewish community quickly found the money and resumed the construction in the shortest possible time.

The Church Of St. Matthias

The building is located in the Royal Palace. The Church has become a symbol of the Catholic world of Budapest. Even from the opposite Bank of the Danube tourist will see cherepahoobraznoy tiles of the monastery. Religious centre famous all over the world: anyone who has ever scored in a search engine the word Budapest has seen the picture of the Church of St. Matthias.

The building was built in the late fourteenth century. The building was consecrated to the Holy virgin. Previously, there was located another temple. But it was destroyed, did not recover, and instead set a new one. The architecture of the Church belongs to the late Gothic style.

The Church Of St. MatthiasThe Church Of St. Matthias

Matthias – a revered Hungarian king. The leader concluded two marriages in this community. His name is now called the Cathedral.

The Church received its current appearance in the late nineteenth century. The reenactors performed the restoration in neo-Gothic style. Led the process architect Fredrich of Sulek.

On the walls of religious monuments depicted on frescos of Genesis. They are of great value. Because the work on them by famous artists: Lotz, Zichy and székely DSC.

The national Museum of Hungary

Architect Michael Pollack designed the building in the late eighteenth century. And in one thousand eight hundred and second it was built and founded the Museum.

Most of the exhibits are family heirlooms of count Ferenc széchenyi. Here you will find ancient coins, manuscripts and magazines, household items and clothing.

The national Museum of HungaryThe national Museum of Hungary

The main theme of the Museum – the history of the Hungarian state, from the moment of its Foundation, ending ninety years of the last century.

Some of the exhibits are of special pride of the Museum – the clavichord Mozart, Esterhazy the baritone, harp Marie-Antoinette, piano Beethoven.

Fine art represented in the Museum well: the administration has the portraits of the family of Arpad, the Hungarian soldiers and princes.

Museum of Military history

Is located inside the Buda castle, in the Eastern part of the Palace. A must to visit for those interested in history.

Previously, instead of the Museum building was the barracks. In this place lived in the military, defending the honor of the state. The building dates back to one thousand eight hundred and thirtieth year. Only at the beginning of the last century, the city administration has converted the building to fit your needs and made it a Museum.

Exhibits – weapons, protective devices, note generals, tactics of warfare, and more.

Museum of Military historyMuseum of Military history

The exhibition includes twenty-eight thousand exhibits. On two floors of the Museum are located not only the paraphernalia of war, but also coins of different eras, images of kings and princes, a number of icons.

Middle ages lit bad. Exhibits very little. But during the reign of the dynasty Gabsburgskoj the guide will tell and show a lot: flags of the time, uniforms of the military and ordinary citizens.

A special treat for tourists always brings a room devoted to the First World War. In a large room merciless war shown through the eyes of soldiers and ordinary citizens.Also at the Museum, the tourist will be able to touch the cannon of the nineteenth century, to personally observe the ancient sword and twist the sword in his hands.

Museum Of Terror

The Museum is located on andrássy Avenue. Previously, the building belonged to the state security of Hungary. Only in the twenty-first century, the building passed into the hands of the research Foundation of the story.

Museum TeroruMuseum Of Terror

Above the entrance to the Museum is a plaque with red letters, Terror. The aim of the exhibition is to show visitors how people lived in Hungary in the era of totalitarian and dictatorial regimes.

The Museum provides a great selection of exhibits such as photographs, notes and transcripts, hygiene and basic household items.All this is done to ensure that no one nation never made any stupid mistakes.

Fisherman’s Bastion

The building symbolizes the Foundation of the Hungarian state with seven tribes. A huge building located on the castle hill. Length one hundred and forty meters, width – eight. Fisherman’s Bastion framed family tented-roof towers. Also inside there are terraces from which a magnificent view of the Danube.

The structure was erected in the early twentieth century. To this the fisherman’s Bastion was square. It traded fish and other goods. The sellers defended the place of trade during sieges and attacks.

Fisherman's BastionFisherman’s Bastion

Architect Friedrich Soules engaged in the construction of the temple of the Holy Matisa. Fisherman’s Bastion was a good backdrop for the monastery. He came up with a plan semestrali galleries, and built the house in seven years.

The architecture of the buildings in the romantic style, and decoration in neo-Romanesque.

A Monument To The Jews

During the Second World War the Hungarians were on the German side and adhered to the policy of racial discrimination. The Jews in the forties of the last century lived a difficult life: they are being watched, imprisoned, abused and slaughtered.

The monument to the Jewish residents of BudapestThe monument to the Jewish residents of Budapest

On the waterfront, located at the banks of the Danube, shot thousands of Jews. The Nazis forced them to remove the boots, after the shot, and then dumped the bodies into the river. A terrible crime, and were guilty not only Germans, but also Hungarians. Residents understood that created a horrible meanness. Because of this, they decided to erect a monument to the Jews.

In the two thousand and fifth year of on the waterfront opened a monument consisting of sixty pairs of sneakers. The architect of the sculpture was Julia Pauer.

Plague Column

In the early eighteenth century in Central Europe of the past plague. Fatal disease has claimed the lives of millions of people. Patients were dying in agony. Suppuration of the skin, high fever, vomiting and death within four days – that characterized the main disease of the Old world. Despite the lack of medicines and of hope, people continued to live.

Cwmni StopPlague Column

The one who bore a heavy burden, put the monument in the form of the Holy Trinity. The memorial is located in the center of the Royal Palace, near the Church of the virgin. This is not the first plague column in Europe. Almost every city has constructed similar structures.

The Hungarian pillar decorated with bas-reliefs and beautiful patterns. Upstairs flaunts a sculpture of the Holy Trinity.

Vajdahunyad Castle

The construction of the building was dedicated to the celebration of a great date: a thousand years of gaining a homeland. The building was designed by Ignaz Alpari. The architect showed the main differences of the urban development of Hungary in one structure. The builders have finished work at the end of the nineteenth century.

Inside the castle is a twenty-one building. Everything was made of wood. According to the plan of the government, the building was only a backdrop to the historical part of the city. But the locals fell in love with Hungarian housing: in nineteen fourth year the castle was turned into stone.

Vajdahunyad CastleVajdahunyad Castle

The architecture of the building is made in a combination of four styles: Roman, Gothic, Baroque and Renaissance. Inside the castle is a Museum of agriculture. Unusual cultural destination because of its simplicity. Exhibits hunting trophies or articles of the wines.

In the history of the state of the Russian primary chronicle is considered to be almost the only source of historical events. Also, the Hungarians are the deeds of the Hungarians under the authorship of an unknown chronicler has a special place in the state. That is why the castle sculptors monument to the anonymous.

Not left without attention of the architect of the structure. Near the castle stands a monument dedicated to Ignaz Alparo.

The Széchenyi Bath

The Széchenyi BathThe Széchenyi Bath

The building consists of two parts: the first was built in nineteen thirteen, and the second eleven years later. The separation of the baths defies common sense. The older structure is to ensure that anyone could take the terminal tub. After medical procedures the person’s health improves, but not completely. New bath equipped with means of prevention and Lounges. The owners of baths took care of the integrated care citizens. Also located on site are outdoor pools with hot water. She comes from sources located at a depth of a kilometer under the ground.

Near the baths there is a room with mud and mineral baths.

Gellért Gyógyfürdő

The pool was built in the early twentieth century. Previously, there flowed therapeutic water source. About the miraculous power of the water people found out in the thirteenth century. They visited this place with enviable regularity. The popularity is due to the fact that many water helped to get rid of diseases and other troubles.

Gellért GyógyfürdőGellért Gyógyfürdő

Gellert bath – the whole complex. On its territory there are ten pool, several outdoor, saunas, Jacuzzis and baths. Inside the latter decorated with reliefs and mosaics from different eras.

Convenience baths – personal issues of water supplies available for rent. If you forgot your swimsuit, then it’s no big deal.

Royal Palace or Buda castle

The building is made in Baroque style. The structure was erected in the thirteenth century, therefore, for the ruler of a fourth White. Seven hundred years of existence, was the residence of the ruling elite. Each new king was twisting the Palace for themselves. At the end of the seventeenth century, during the war with the Turks, the fortress was badly damaged. The southern people destroyed the building. Fifteen years later the Empress Maria Theresia has allocated a large sum from the Treasury, and the architects restored the structure.

Buda castleBuda castle

In the mid-nineteenth century in Hungary, there were mass uprisings. The rebels attacked the inhabitants of the fortress, pretty Pat the building. The second World War also left the residence alone. Builders and restorers went to great lengths to now everyone was able to visit the attraction, in the style of Baroque. Royal Palace – a complex. In the Museum part includes the national gallery, historical Museum and public library.

The Hungarian Parliament

The Hungarian ParliamentThe Hungarian Parliament

It is the seat of the government of Hungary. Near the building flows the Danube. And the building is built in neo-Gothic style. So it looks like the building of the London Parliament. Also architects have influenced the course of the Bose-Ara. This style was popular in France, especially in Paris. Look at the building from the inside, you can: guides will gladly show you where taken important decisions for the country. Among the exhibits you will find the Mace of power, the crown of the Holy Istable and the sword of the periodical press of the Renaissance.

Andrassy Avenue

Andrassy AvenueAndrassy Avenue

Gyula andrássy, Minister of foreign Affairs of Austria – Hungary. The locals love their responsible policies. For services to the people, the city administration called him the honor of a prospect. The length of the Avenue two and a half kilometers. Street connects Ferenc square duck, the Heroes square and city Park. The street was designed by Miklos Ybl. A «building» it dates back to one thousand eight hundred and ninety-sixth year. It was at that time the Hungarians were celebrating milestone anniversary: one thousand years since independence. Construction was delayed for forty years. But the result exceeded the expectations of the public of the nineteenth century: the sides of straight street is conveniently located pseudo-home. Until July so no one was engaged. The prospect is so huge that, in addition to small restaurants and bars, there fit of terror Museum, the Opera house and the Museum of Eastern art. In the early twentieth century, the Commission, UNESCO included the Central street of the city in the project «World heritage».

Széchenyi chain bridge

Széchenyi chain bridgeSzéchenyi chain bridge

István széchenyi, a Hungarian politician. A public figure has allocated money for the construction of a bridge in the middle of the nineteenth century. The construction stretched out over the Danube and connected the two opposite banks of Budapest. The bridge is located near the Parliament building and the Royal Castle. The building was the unification of Buda, Obuda and Pasty in Budapest. The building was damaged during the Second World War. Invaders planted explosives under the bridge, and later blew up. After bloody battles Reconstructor restored chain bridge for the shortest amount of time. Tourists love to watch the bridge at night. Good lighting illuminates the cast-iron structures.

Heroes ‘ Square

A small area located at the end of Andrassy Avenue. On the square is the city Park. The Central location of the city attracts the attention of local residents and most tourists.

On heroes ‘ square, anyone will find the Museum of fine arts and the art gallery «Mucsarnok». In the gallery exhibited contemporary artists and coming exhibitions of artists from different eras.

Heroes ' SquareHeroes ‘ Square

Heroes ‘ square – a reflection of the political mood of the Hungarian people. Here occurred the evaluation of government decisions. For example, in the beginning of the two thousandth Hungary joined the European Union, and it is here established a large hourglass, showing the changing seasons.

The Monument To The Millennium Of Hungary

The Millennium memorial is situated in the center of the square. The height of the building – one hundred and eighteen feet. The monument is made in carifiesta style. At the top of the statue is located the sculpture of the Archangel Gabriel. But the sides are stone images of prominent representatives of the Hungarian nation. Near the memorial is a monument to the unknown soldier.

The Monument To The Millennium Of HungaryThe Monument To The Millennium Of Hungary

The Millennium memorial was designed by two architects: albert Stedents and györgy Zala. To build a monument to the two creators took thirty-three years. Started in the year one thousand eight hundred and ninety-sixth and graduated in nineteen twenty-nine.

City Park Városliget

Városliget in translation into Russian means city Park. The huge place was first ennobled in the late eighteenth century. The Empress Maria Theresa led the process: the President of Hungary, together with his assistants drained a huge amount of swamps and planted trees in the English style. Now in a city Park grow seven thousand trees. Also, here is the széchenyi bath, the circus and the zoo. Local landmark — the Palace of Vajdahunyad. The area of Városliget-city Park is one square kilometer.

Park-Museum of Aquincum

Park-Museum of AquincumPark-Museum of Aquincum

The Museum is located in Óbuda. Here is a large archaeological zone. The Park was opened one hundred years ago. Inside the Museum are the ruins of the ancient Hungarian city of Aquincum. Old buildings restored preserving the original appearance of buildings. This is the perfect place to get acquainted with the architecture of ancient Hungary. Also near the Park there is a small pavilion with archaeological exhibits, like tools, buckets, kettles, and other things.

Budapest attracts tourists with its simplicity and integrity. Avenue the length of two kilometers, the bell tower with the height of a five-story building, the archaeological sites of their ancestors settled in the heart of the tourist love to the city on the Danube. This list is only a small part of the attractions. The engine starts the city with the help of local residents. Ask them – they will tell you where the lives of real Budapest.

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