The oldest cities of Ukraine
When it comes to interesting places on the planet, we must not forget about the existence of ancient cities. Man has always been interested in how the life of his ancestors and other civilizations different from today’s domestic life. Besides ancient ruins connected with many secrets and mysteries, in the study which involuntarily the question arises: «was Not whether the civilization of the past centuries more developed in contrast to us?»
Today, we will focus on the cities of Ukraine. On the territory of the country and is located in 460 cities, some of which appeared more than 2,500 years ago, while others have not yet celebrated its 50th anniversary. And no celebration can not do without balls that can be purchased in the online store sharik — party goods. Each of them has its own characteristics, some interesting historical facts, architecture or amazing nature.
A lot of people heard that the title «the youngest city of Ukraine» Slavutich is, but what of the 460 cities in the country is the oldest, many do not even know. So, we invite you to explore the cities-timers, located on the territory of Ukraine.
In the 7th century BC on a small island located near the mouth of the Dnieper river, was first gone before. It was the first piece of land in the North of the Black sea, where he settled Greek colonists. A small island called Berezan, which is located 4 kilometers from the mainland, today belongs to the national reserve «Olviya». In the mid-nineteenth century, scientists were able to detect here the traces of ancient settlements.
The island of Berezan – the cradle of ancient civilization, to reach which in winter and spring is possible only by helicopter. Despite the fact that on this small island of great historical significance are many ruins and buildings that have survived since world war II, organized tours for groups of tourists in Borisfen not held. Of particular interest is the island of Berezan makes scientists and archaeologists who seek to plunge into the study of bits lost settlement.
One of the oldest cities of Ukraine located on the site of the modern town of Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyi. Tyre, as the town is mentioned from the 5th century BC, despite the fact that man sets foot on this land in the 7th-6th centuries BC. «Zemleopisanie» Pseudo-Simna say that the city was founded by millecanali. Former city-state was dependent on the Genoese, Byzantines and Ottomans. For a long time tyre was under the influence of Romania. In 1944, the year when the city was liberated from under the Romanian occupation, has changed its name.
The main attractions of the city include the Belgorod-Dnestrovskiy fortress built in the 13th century. This monument of history and urban planning is one of the important characters among all the Russian-Ottoman confrontations the best preserved on the territory of Ukraine. Since the mid-nineteenth century, the fortress ceased to be used as a military strategic point, she even got a list of the important architectural heritage of the state. Now Bilhorod-dnistrovs’kyy is popular with tourists because you can own hands to touch the walls of the national treasures, which had to be witnesses of different epochs and cultures.
The history of the city, located at the mouth of the Danube, starts from the moment the great commander Alexander the great set foot on the lands of the Northern black sea. The city was named in honor of the beloved mythical character of Macedon. According to historical evidence, the development of the lands of present-day Odessa region near the town of Kiliya started by the Greeks in the seventh century, but to streamline and systematize the planning was only the great commander. So, on Snake island there was a temple of Achilles, and in the city of Sochi – the statue of Zeus.
The history of the founding of the city is shrouded in rumors and legends. Date of Foundation of the Greek colonies even in the historical sources specified in different ways: in the period from 862 384 BC. Constantly falling under the influence of the Golden Horde, Hungarians, Turks, Moldovans and Akhil along with the ancient world fell into decay. The real blossoming occurred in the 14-15 century. However, at the end of the XV century a major trade and economic center of Transnistria was part of the Ottoman Empire. Over the next century the city passed from one hand to another until, while in 1918, the year they took over Romania. On the eve of the great Patriotic War kealia returned to Soviet Russia, but today it is an industrial and agricultural centre of Ukraine.
The city is located in the Zhytomyr region on the Uzh river, founded in the 8th century. It used to be called Iskorosten. In the year 914 Iskorosten was remembered as the capital of Slavic tribe of Drevlyans. In 945, the town was burned by order of Princess Olga – it was payback for the brutal murder of her husband, Prince Igor. Since that time, Iskorosten with all the surrounding lands became part of Kievan Rus.
In 1240 the city was again destroyed but this time by the Mongols. In 1370, captured the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, and after some time he left Poland. 1589. Iskorosten was granted municipal rights. In the period from 1649 to 1667 the town belonged to the Cossack state of Bohdan Khmelnytsky, however, through some time came under the rule of Poland. In 1795, the year Iskorosten was a small provincial town of the Russian Empire. Changes occurred only after the construction of the railway. Renamed in 1917, Korosten was destroyed during the Second world war.
Today Kyiv is an important railway transport node, the final destination of the Kiev trains. In the city carry out its activity machine-building enterprises, China factory and factory which has been manufacturing paint products. In addition, in the vicinity of the Darwin granite is prized varieties.
According to the Hungarian Chronicles, the founding date of the city is 872. It turns out that for a long time the city had a different name – Ungvar. «Var» means fortress and «ung» is translated in different ways: fast or South.
One of the oldest cities of Ukraine, which is on the border with Europe, is often destroyed, each time rising from the ashes. In all the years of its existence was ruled by one ten of the rulers. Uzhgorod is full of beautiful temples, sculptures and buildings.