The most Western city of Russia
Our government is too big and most accessible point geographic territories remains only the Western part. So here, there are great difficulties, because the Baltic spit, which is close to Poland may not be accessible to ordinary citizens as it is located on a military base and missile group. That is why, today, pay attention to the area of the Baltic spit, which allows everyone, without special instruments, it is the easternmost settlement in Russia – Baltiysk, which previously was called Pillau.
Historically the settlement was founded in the 13th century: it is to this age, there are descriptions about a small village of fishermen Vogram. Only later referred to the settlement pil or Pillau, which was divided into two different parts. This city is called based on the value of Prussian origin «Pils», that in Russian means «fortress». Over time, the population increased Pillau, and this place turned into a big traffic interchange. Pillau 27 November 1946 was renamed Baltiysk.
Baltiysk stretches right on the shore, lying between the waters and territory of the Bay for five miles. Baltiyskiy Gorodskoy Okrug was established 22 years ago, he is from the city of Baltiysk, and Primorsk additional 11 rural settlements located on the territory of 40 square kilometers.
The main distinctive sides of the Baltic are: its location in the Western part of the Russian Federation. Also the large port on the sea, has its own sea terminal. Also here is the largest naval base of the Baltic fleet. All these components affect not only the present of the city, but also on its prospects.
Since the Baltic is a sea city, here there is no industry in large volumes, and the environment is clean. The main source of pollution here have ships based in the local port. They from time to time pollute the waters near the town fluids or fuel.
In 2002, there was a major oil leak, then the beach part of the Baltic was covered with spots of oil.
However, the main threat to the local environment is «wild groups» that destroy plantings, leave behind waste and compaction vehicles. Deserve attention to the city’s beaches, consisting of soft sand, sometimes they are called «Singing».
The climate is moderate Maritime, with occasional moderately continental. It is most suitable for people who suffer from pathologies of the respiratory tract and the cardiovascular system. However, the city is often threatened by storms.
The winter is mild, the average temperature drops below -10 Celsius, in summer the water is not heated enough just to 17-18 degrees. However, in 2008, the water heated to 24 degrees, and in winter 2009, the year the ice was covered 100 meters from the shoreline.
The city’s population is 30 thousand people. Different nationalities, mainly living in Baltiysk, Russian, Belarusians, Lithuanians and Ukrainians.
The main source of income – the local port, repair shipyard and food industries. Tourism has been developed only with the advent of the 21st century. Agriculture practically is not present. In total farmland occupies an area of 2.2 thousand Hectares, peasant possessions in this case is only 0.54 Hectares.
What to see in Baltiysk?
For the reason that the city tied to the sea, all the entertainment, here, in any case, associated with the Baltic sea or local channel.
The region is adored by fans of military themes and fortresses. The most recognizable symbol of the Baltic sea – designed by renowned German architect Karl Schinkel in 1913, the lighthouse. However, there are a number of other symbols of the Soviet era, including Peter the great monument (installed in 1998), cavalry «Empress Elizabeth Petrovna» and the Museum of the Baltic fleet.
Also symbolizes the city’s image of a woman holding a child in her arms, he found himself on the shore of the Kaliningrad Gulf in the days of the USSR. Today this monument has become a symbol of joy and happiness of meeting families and relatives of seafarers on duty are in sailing.
No matter how, a trip to Baltiysk will be marked by its diversity and fullness of interest. Every year, Baltiysk, in addition to the well-known parade in honor of Navy Day and holds a Festival of Russian bard songs. In the peak tourist season, it has become a tradition to organize a large party in the style of Open Air, competitions of bartenders and competitions among the leading DJ in the country. All of these elements attract, and will attract hundreds and thousands of tourists from different parts of the country and foreign countries in Baltiysk, the westernmost city in the Russian Federation.