The most unusual animals in the world
The world of flora and fauna and the amazing variety. Every instance of nature creates unique and unlike the brother. And the most unusual animals of the world their existence to prove that, despite half a million species known to science, fantasy nature will never run dry.
Everyone knows that the unicorn is a mythical creature, a meeting which promises incredible wealth. But in nature there is a beast that is a real unicorn. His name is narwhal. This is probably the most unusual animal in the world and one of a kind.
Narwhal, a mammal listed in the Red book. This is a huge animal (length up to 4.5 meters), similar to Beluga whales, with lots of body fat (30%).
The main advantage of a male narwhal — long Tusk, resembling a drill bit of a drill with a huge number of nerve endings. In one of the 500 individuals grow 2 horns. They are another mystery of evolution. Hollow inside, the horn can bounce up to 30 inches in different directions. And when breaking the block it self is sealed inside the bone tissue.
Horn works as a multipurpose sensor, scanning all around. With its help animals keep track of the fish and predators. Winter can calculate the sound of screw ships and go where shattered ice, a life-saving oxygen.
It is known that the prototype of the submarine in Jules Verne’s «20 thousand leagues under the sea» was the body shape of the whale.
Eating animals is also very unique — they revolve around their axis with the horns and the fish, getting into the maelstrom, loses its orientation and becomes an easy prey.
Picked not tolerate captivity and the birth of cubs at the zoo is unknown. Therefore, they are insufficiently studied, and who knows what other mysteries conceals the animal.
The animal to which the proverb: «the legs feed the wolf», is not true in any way. Because of low calorie leaves and flowers cecropia (its main food) the activity of the sloths focused on austerity energy. It is so phlegmatic creation that not even a mother will always climb over the baby fell down.
Sloths 15 hours a day hanging on the branches of trees and sleep. In this position they mate, eat, give birth, and are born. The whole structure of their body aims to collect leaves in the most stationary position. Contribute to this sharp 8-inch claws (with total body length up to 70 cm). Animal hair is often infest blue-green algae and the butterfly-moth, as she probably can not imagine that it is a living creature.
On the ground sloths come down and take a vertical position where once in a week for upravlenia natural needs, the benefit of a large bladder allows you to endure so long. A sloth also has an incredible amount of the stomach (which makes up 30% of total body weight) for very small size of the heart and liver.
Long neck that can be rotated 270 degrees, consists of 8-9 vertebrae. This animal is unique — even in a whale and a giraffe their 7, like all living beings on planet Earth, but not this relative of the Armadillo and the anteater.
Its other names — king clam or elephant trunk. In the category of «the most unusual animals in the world» this bivalve was because of its lifespan — one hundred and fifty years. The oldest caught the geoduck was 160 years (with a weight of about 9 kg). The world is second place in terms of life expectancy after the turtles. The reason scientists assume a slow metabolism and successful methods of concealment, but still the life of the animal in such a small size is fantastic.
Guidici live in the upper soil layers (to a depth of 110 cm), being the largest burrowing clam in the world (average dimensions — length up to 1 meter and weight in pounds). All their lives they sit motionless on the ground, putting out only the tip of the siphon through which filtered plankton — the main food. At the slightest sign of danger geoduck hides itself deeply in the mud, getting it back is quite difficult.
In Japan, Hong Kong and North America love to eat these shellfish as a delicacy for a hearty and tasty meat. They are bred on special farms in separate barrels. Price for one copy may be up to $ 60.
Belongs to the order of placental mammals (able to curl into a ball). His whole body is covered with Horny scales in the form of rhombs with sharp edges.
This animal like no other in the course of evolution to accommodate your body to protect the pangolin curled up in a ball under the force must deploy to the largest predator (leopard or tiger), but in this case the glands secretion of the beast contains a disgusting liquid, which can scare off anyone.
Mammal eats ants and termites, and uses them in full. So, to clean his scales, he lifts them and runs there ants that bite painfully. When the pangolin will be considered complete irrigation of formic acid, he uses scales and crushes the people he just helped.
Lives in the highlands of Nepal and is very similar to the locals for its narrow slit eyes and Eastern. This is one of the smallest foxes in the world (5 kg). Due to abnormalities in the chromosomes she looks so unusual for the canines. Plus because of the thick fur in the neck her head seem square.
Crafty appearance of a Fox quite rightly confirms the same character — in the winter when frozen ground allows you to dig burrows of pikas (their main food), she follows the bear, and, waiting till he will do the dirty work, eats a rodent that has avoided meeting with brown predator.
Fish of the piranha family, inhabits the Amazon and Orinoco. This foot fish about 40 kg in weight. It is omnivorous — it eats mostly plant foods, but there have been cases of crocodiles eating young.
The main feature of the pack — the human teeth that she can bite the flesh of the victim and not to tear it like other fish. Her jaw crushing really — happened at the zoo when the fish are seriously injured finger to a child. And one 60-inch fish bit off his master-aquarist nose.
Another advantage of fish is that in conflicts it is able to produce sounds similar to croak.
Squid thanks to the jet siphon, of course, unable to move fast for short distances, but it turns out that there are three types, which are periodically moved over the water like flying fish. This squid-bird, krylatyi korotkoruchko and shellfish.
By pushing water from the mantle, fin is tightly pressed to the body and stretching special membrane, the clams are like little airplanes, flying at a speed of 15 msec.
During migration over large distances, such a way of transportation helps to save power, and predators in these moments, the squid is unavailable. But such an ability turns out to clams the reverse side — on the trouble they sometimes even jump on Board the low boats.
Unique bat that lives only on Madagascar. Its main feature — the female suction cups on the soles of the feet and on the big toes of wings, which she attaches to the rolled leaves of palm trees and banana tree. Special glands at the tips of the cups secrete a sticky substance by which the representative of bats rests on the surface.
The most unusual animals on the planet with his existence once again prove that even the boundless imagination of man can give in to the features of nature.