The most powerful bomb in the world

Probably not a single person. Who has not heard about the sad fate of the two Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. In 1945, the year they were the nuclear bombs dropped. The consequences of these explosions are also known. I wonder what the most powerful bomb in the world and where and how it felt? Let’s deal.

Hiroshima and Nagasaki

On 6 August 1945, American bombers dropped on these cities of the atomic bomb. These events forced Japan to surrender and end the long and destructive world war II.

the mushroom cloud from atomic bomb

The Hiroshima bomb was dropped nicknamed «the Kid». This «Kid» has killed more than 140 thousand people. The bomb was the size of 3.20 meters in length and 70 cm in diameter. Her weight was 4 tons and had a capacity of up to 18 kilotons of TNT. After the reset bomb explosion, smoke on Hiroshima rose to 20 thousand pounds.

On Nagasaki was dropped «Fat man», claimed the lives of 80 thousand Japanese. It was 5 cm longer «Baby», and its diameter was 1.54 meters. For a pound «Fat man» was harder, and his capacity was 21 kilotons of TNT.

The territory affected by atomic bombs, is still empty and lifeless. Today Hiroshima and Nagasaki are symbols of the tragedy and the fight against nuclear weapons.

Hiroshima today

United States to this day believe that it was possible to stop the Second world war and these two bombs ended it. After this incident, a nuclear bomb is never used.

The most powerful non-nuclear bomb

After the end of the Cold war, the superpowers continued to work on the production of advanced weapons. So, in the United States was created by non-nuclear bomb GBU-43/B. It is also called «Mother of all bombs.» The size of this non-nuclear bomb is striking: a 10 m long, 1 m diameter, weight 9.5 tons. TNT bomb has a capacity of 11 tons.

Mother of all bombs

However, there is another non-nuclear bomb that is several times the capacity of the us. It is called the «father of all bomb». This development of Russian scientists. The power of such a bomb is 44 tons of TNT.

father of all bombs

The most powerful hydrogen bomb

A hydrogen bomb is several times more devastating nuclear. Their development began before the Second world war in several countries, including the USA, Russia and Germany.

The Americans first tested a hydrogen bomb in 1952. It happened in the enewetak Atoll. In the USSR, the trial took place a year after the us – in 1953-m to year. Hydrogen bomb of Soviet production was undermined at the test site in Semipalatinsk.

Today the most powerful hydrogen bomb in the world is AN602. It’s a bomb of Russian origin, which has the second name of «gruel». Some dubbed her «the Tsar bomb». Its size is equal to 8 m in length, 2 m in diameter and 24 tons of weight. Explosive power is simply amazing: 58 megatons of TNT. Developed the «Tsar bomb» in the period from 1945 to 1961-th year. Her father is the academician of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. Kurchatov.

Tsar-bomb

The bomb tested on 30 October 1961. Test site – the polygon Novaya Zemlya archipelago, or rather the airspace above the ground. A bomb was planted at an altitude of 4,000 meters. At the time in the world there was not a single aircraft which could cope with this task. Therefore, scientists developed the Tu 95-St. The bomb blast left behind a fireball with a size of 9 km. All the inhabitants of the planet Earth is feeling the test of a hydrogen bomb. Formed as a result of explosion seismic wave circled the planet 3 times.

the test of the Tsar bomb

The consequences of the bomb tests was more than inspiring. After the explosion, the landfill has become perfectly smooth as a skating rink. All existing surfaces have been erased in the dust. In the village, which was located at a distance of 400 km from the epicenter, were destroyed all the wooden buildings and brick buildings demolished the roof.

Mushroom in a bomb blast reached 67 km in height, and his hat was 95 km. Radius of the bomb was 4600 m. it is scary to imagine what might happen after the explosion of such a bomb on the territory of one country.

the test of the Tsar bomb

After these tests, more than 100 countries signed a Treaty on cessation of tests of nuclear weapons above water, under water, in space and in the atmosphere. Together with it there and restrict the capacity to create weapons.

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