The most Northern city in the world
Many scientists agree that the first people appeared on the territory of Central Africa. Good climatic conditions, the abundance of plant and animal food, sufficient clean drinking water – all this has clearly played a positive role for many thousands of years ago. But the time inevitably continued on its course, and gradually people have mastered for many, the much colder regions of the Northern part of the planet. Even the desert and the North pole has obeyed already not a dozen expeditions, but for permanent living conditions of the extreme North too heavy today. However, a little further is located the most Northern city in the world in General and Russia in particular – some of them will be discussed. The review will be referred to only full city, not a small settlement.
The most Northern city in the world
Cold, windy barrow in North Alaska today is home to about 4500 residents. This inconspicuous town and is the title of the most Northern in the US and in the world. The distance between barrow and North pole is approximately 2075 miles. The Foundation of this city was the weather station, which was built in the late XIX century. As the settlement of the Alaskan people around the station there was a small settlement, which later became a small full-fledged city.
Water takes about 15 percent of the area of the city, around which stretches a pristine expanse of frozen tundra. Of course, barrow is among the permafrost and the depth of freezing of soil is measured in hundreds of meters, making it impossible for traditional construction buildings in many cities of the far North, home of barrow is built on concrete or steel piles. However, the height of these piles are smaller than in most Northern cities of Russia – only about half a meter.
Most of the year in barrow reigns harsh and very cold winter with constant chilly winds. From mid-autumn to late spring temperature in the city usually does not exceed zero – thus, the calendar days with the indicators of daytime temperatures above zero for the year is typed in, only a little more than 100. We can say that barrow is missing the usual division between the seasons of snow and frost here can appear at any time.
Such weather conditions significantly influenced the composition of the residents of barrow – basically here live the Eskimos, from childhood accustomed to the harsh cold. The traditional occupation of this people was little changed, the Eskimos before enthusiastically engaged in hunting and fishing. When the end of the whaling season, comes the influx of tourists who come to see the local living conditions, to see the Northern lights and watch polar bears. In the vicinity of barrow, you can see flocks of ducks and waders, in summer there are the snowy owl and pink Seagull.
The most Northern city of Russia
This city is located on a narrow strip of land along the homonymous Strait. Plentywood is the main city Chaunsky district and one of the centers of the Chukotka Autonomous district. For a long time, Pevek was an ordinary settlement near the port, and the status of the city were not so long ago – in 1967. The population of Pevek is about 5 thousand inhabitants. The current state of the city is not particularly great – a lot of people are leaving, and the empty houses are gradually destroyed. Employees of local businesses and the port are working in shifts – all because of a very unpleasant climate and tough living conditions.
Here the expanses of the tundra walk strong winds, and polar night lasts several months. Very few people like these natural conditions when the gusts of icy wind and snow can demolish cars and loose design. However, the short spring visits even plentywood – at this time, the sun shines brightly, and the vastness of the tundra is changing color from white and gray to greenish. Time to ripen some berries, something where the mushrooms grow, pleases the eye with chamomile color.
Norilsk is one of the most famous cities of the far North. There are about 175 thousand persons, and the distance to the Arctic circle is 300 kilometers. Climatic conditions in Norilsk repeat normal for the far North the picture – spring, summer and autumn together here continues to 9 and from 2 to 3 months. The temperature in Norilsk often falls to 50 degrees below zero, and the volume is dropping snow measured in millions of tons.
Permanent snow cover in Norilsk and the surrounding area up to 9 months, polar night lasts about 45 days, and day 67. For Norilsk typical about six weeks of white nights and 60 days, with twilight nights.
The cause of building of Norilsk was the creation of city-forming enterprises of the polar division mining-metallurgical company «Norilsk Nickel». Here discovered huge reserves of base and precious metals, the extraction of which is of great importance for Russian industry and brings substantial income to the Treasury.
Life in Norilsk have already become familiar to many residents of the city – people have managed to adapt to the harsh and cold climate. When local is not particularly cold, many residents are selected on hunting and fishing, are engaged in ski sports. For fans of extreme sports and tourism of the excellent test to become Hiking in the surrounding mountains, and downhill ski. Test yourself unable and lovers of parachuting, visiting relevant local clubs.
This city is located among the rocky ledges of the coast of the Kola Bay. Murmansk – one of Russia’s main Northern ports, with a population of over 300 thousand people. Favourable conditions of life provides the proximity of the warm waters of the Gulf stream – all of the cities beyond the polar circle Murmansk boasts the warmest climate.
The combination of Northern latitude and warm currents has formed a unique picture of the variability of weather conditions – during the day in Murmansk can be huge temperature swings. Winter here is as changeable – rainfall and temperature vary greatly from year to year.
One of the best manifestations of the proximity of the Gulf stream is a cold autumn landscapes of Murmansk. Awesome for Northern latitudes in a riot of colour, nature at this time like shines. But variability is here, heavy rains can turn a wonderful autumn city into a huge gray puddle. Spring in Murmansk late and short – lived- usually in may, still the snow falls. Full summer in Murmansk there, but even a few Sunny and warm days for the inhabitants of the Arctic – a unique and welcome sight.
Polar night in Murmansk lasts about six months, and upon its completion among the local residents coming holiday in honor of the return of the sun. However, the polar day lasts more polar night. The unique beauty of the «white nights» is able to charm many unusual guests of Murmansk – it is worth seeing at least once.
Arkhangelsk – one of the most important cities of the North-West of Russia and a major center of industry of local importance. The severity of the local climate kompensiruet huge deposits of natural resources – forests and fish-rich water bodies, the largest deposits of oil and precious stones. The residents of Arkhangelsk and its surroundings work for many local companies in the forestry, paper production, fisheries, engineering and Metalworking factories. Exports the Arkhangelsk fishery products and canned food, metal products and commercial equipment, containers and materials for packing of goods.