The most mysterious place on the planet — Patom crater
The mystery of the mysterious object in the municipality of the Irkutsk region, Bodajbinskom area, not haunted by any scientist on the planet. Recently in the Republic of Buryatia sent one expedition, but to get an accurate answer to the question: «resulting in Patomsky crater – the most mysterious place on the planet?» no luck anyone.
«The nest of a fiery eagle» is the name given to the unknown object locals, although try to stay clear of this place. What’s hidden in the depths of the mysterious crater, and if he’s dangerous to others?
Patom crater is a forty-meter limestone hill in the form of a cone with a diameter of about 180 meters. Because the crushed limestone is gray, which covered the mysterious object of Siberia, it resembles a bowl-shaped depression in the surface of the moon, only placed the nest on the mountainside, where there are coniferous trees.
Patom crater, cone Kolpakov, Chebulinsky or Yavlinsky crater, surmounted by a flat top with a funnel in the center, which according to some assumptions were formed by volcanic activity. The volume of a cone is equal to 230 000 — 250 000 cubic meters, and the weight of the patomsky crater according to preliminary estimates, is 1 million tons. On the slope of the «eagle nest» scientists have discovered a larch tree aged about 200 years, and in the heart of the limestone of the hill, grows a tree, whose age was estimated at 70 years.
The history of the discovery of the patomsky crater
Discover amazing geological formation in Siberia could a group of geologists under the leadership of Vadim Kolpakov, has been compiling a card in which was reflected the geological structure of the region. First, the Siberian crater was taken for a Mirage. In huge object that looks like a pyramid, the scientists saw a mine waste heap, although no evidence of mining near the crater could not be found.
In 1949, Vadim Kolpakov, there have been several theories regarding the cause of the crater: the birth of a new volcano, after the fall of the meteorite and reactions radioactive decay which can proceed in depth.
The first complex expedition to the cone Kolpakov sent in 2005, but to reach the peak, scientists could not due to sudden death of the head of the expedition, that Is, Vorobyov. Six miles from its final destination Vorobyov has caught a heart attack. Since there are no prerequisites to the development of a heart attack was the tragic death was regarded as the curse of the crater.
After a year, another expedition went to the mysterious object with the aim to collect as many materials for laboratory studies. Breed who managed to gather scientists, confirmed the volcanic origin of the nest, however, the assumption of meteoric origin of the off not reset. The studies found that the crater is largely composed of limestone, confirmed the presence of clastic sedimentary rocks, is a unit of clastic grains (sand) are associated with mineral matter, and quartz and feldspar-carbonate veins, metamorphosed shale.
The expedition sent to the crater in subsequent years, found traces of endogenous factors in the formation of the nest, who testified about the events at the depth effects caused by the activity of magma. Received three complex expeditions data have led to the conclusion that the crater is a new volcano, not formed by lava and gas emissions, methane. Scientists suggest that near the crater, and possibly under it, there are deposits of oil and gas.
According to some, the appearance of the crater is not that other, as the consequences of the nuclear tests. However, experts in the field of history contradict this view, since the first nuclear explosion was conducted in 1949godu in East Kazakhstan region, near the city of Semipalatinsk. The second explosion occurred in the same place. 130 kilometers from Semipalatinsk established a special nuclear test site with imitation houses and delivered civil and military equipment. In addition, the perimeter of the landfill was equipped with all necessary measuring, photographic and cinematographic equipment. With these conditions for the tests to carry a charge in Irkutsk oblast was impractical.
According to another version, the appearance of the patomsky crater due to the strong lightning strike. According to scientists, even the most powerful known lightning would not have been able to raise thousands of tons of rocks on the surface. So what if it was lightning, something anomalous, which had not previously encountered.
Scientists do not believe in omens and supernatural, otherworldly forces, but after a visit to the patomsky crater noted a rather strange feeling. This place has strong energy, the ability to attract a celestial body. Perhaps for this reason, near the crater fell Tunguska meteorite and the Vitim bolide.
After the fall of the meteorite in the vicinity of the crater, the stories of the Yakuts disappeared cockroaches and sparrows. And the locals suddenly attacked the deadly disease.