The most famous cities of the Ancient East
During the excavations that took place in the East, managed to find ruins of cities that existed more than ten thousand years ago. When erected these settlements in the fertile plains, and nowadays it is being excavated and the more archaeologists working on the ancient stone foundations can be detected. Today we will tell you about the most famous city of the Ancient East, and begin with the Jordanian town.
Several millennia have passed since then, as this city was the capital of the Hashemite state. It is a stone miracle, located in the immediate vicinity of the resort Akkaba, was erected the ancient Arab tribe. If you want to see all the sights, expect that you will need a minimum of four hours. But before setting out to explore Petra, you’ll have to go all the way to 10 kilometers. When they reached the narrow gorge, which begins just behind the building is al Khazneh, know that you have arrived at your place. Here you can admire the work of skilled hands of masons of ancient times – the pharaohs Treasure or a Temple-mausoleum. After you get acquainted with the street, on which there are buildings of red-pink. The monastery of ed Deir, situated on top of one of the nearby cliffs, the Palace, built in three floors, Arnova tomb – it’s all worth it to see in person. Basically, each of these buildings were built for worship and rituals.
This city was built on the territory of modern Turkey in the ninth century BC, Built by Greeks, became one of the famous cities of the Ancient East, Ephesus became the embodiment of cultural and historical heritage of many tribes and Nations that once existed on our planet. Having been here at least once, you forever keep in your heart the memory of the unique monuments that have reached us as a reminder of the ancient world.
- The fountain of Emperor Trajan;
- The temples of Artemis and Hadrian, has come down to us in the form of ruins;
- The ruins of the conventional buildings;
- The Library Of Celsus;
- Amphitheater, perfectly preserved to this day;
- The sanctuary of the nymphs.
Each of these buildings is able to surprise with unusual designs. A number of events over the centuries have imposed on the hilt mark, but these events could not take away from the ancient city to its inherent grandeur and beauty.
It is a city conveyed to posterity the memory of Empire of Ahemenidov. Once there lived the ancient Persians, and then, in 330 BC, came Alexander the great and burned Persepolis to the ground. But the city managed to reach today as the most famous city of the East – now on the territory of more than 130 thousand square meters, stands the remains of the Palace buildings. In the center of Persepolis, located on the territory of modern Iran, is a huge room – alapana, the area of which is capable to hold 10 thousand people at a time. This hall is square shaped and at an elevation of 2.5 meters. For walls used solid Adobe brick. In the middle ages, locals used the ancient city as a quarry. Excavations are being performed here since the 30-ies of the last century.
In Lebanon, lost between the mountain ranges, the many legends and mysteries, city-temple. The Egyptians and Assyrians had a God named Baal. He was dedicated to Baalbek, which was built many temples. Scientists are still scratching their heads over the skill and talent of the ancient masters – the enormous blocks used in construction were perfectly polished. Interestingly, under the city is the original maze of underground passages: the width of the corridor reaches 2.4 meters and a height of 3 meters. In the southern part of the city, is an amazing rock climbing on which anyone can feel how miserable he is about the vast universe.
Mention of this ancient Syrian city takes us back to the 2nd century BC. Settlement crowns that connects the cultural and commercial centers, the penalty colonnade. This is the main artery of perhaps the most famous city of the Ancient East, if you follow it, it will be seen the arched branches, which will take you to the neighbouring small streets. To have survived impresses with its grandeur structure – a triumphal arch located in the center of the road. If you walk down the street to the end, you can be in front, built in 32 BC. e., the Shrine White. It was built in honor of the local deity and became the heart of Palmyra. On the adjacent territory were placed the main sights of the city:
- Roman baths;
- The Camp Of Diocletian;
- The Senate.
Close our story about the most famous cities of the Ancient East, Pollonaruwa. Many centuries ago, there was erected a Stone Church, Gus walls which humanity look four seven-meter statue of the deity. Here the worship of the Buddha. The pilgrims are well known to one of the statues with crossed hands. It is believed that such a posture of the deity has provided some humanity. The heritage of the city became the ruins of the city-garden, belonging to the king Parakramabahu, the Royal capital, the ruins of palaces, monasteries, bathing Lotus, monuments, the lake, the Parakrama Samudra. Interest to visitors is the Gal Vihara, which belongs to the 12th century. Cave of the Spirits Knowledge is a stone wall in which are carved striking size Buddha statues. They look pretty realistic. The Buddha is depicted not only in sitting but also in supine posture. Until today, came the remains of the walls of palaces and temples, are peacefully surrounded by the rectangular outline of the city wall.