The main sights of St. Petersburg
The second largest Russian city — an incredibly powerful and majestic. It is often called a Museum city. The main attractions in St. Petersburg so much that a visit to the metropolis the first time, you know that he is ready to spend a lifetime to explore.
St. Isaac’s Cathedral
The symbol of the city, one of the main attractions of St. Petersburg. It is the second largest Orthodox Church in the world (inside can be up to 12 thousand people). And the top of the Cathedral is the largest gilded dome in the world (for its cover gone 100 kg of pure gold).
This impressive building in the neoclassical style, with a sculptural facade and a hundred granite columns supporting a gilded dome. And inside — a chic interior with mosaics, stained glass, marble sculptures and various works of art.
Cabinet of curiosities
The oldest Russian Museum of curiosities founded by Peter the great, now — anthropology and Ethnography. It is the country’s first planetarium, an Observatory and Museum to the public. People the Cabinet of curiosities known as the «gathering of freaks». Here on five floors is a unique collection of history and life of the peoples of all countries with one million exhibits (weapons, quirks and secrets of nature). The building itself is in the style of Petrine Baroque, built in 1726, is a symbol of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
During the trip of Tsar Peter Europe in 1697 a similar local institution so impressed the Emperor that he issued a decree to bring artifacts from anomalies, back in Russia, and for the concealment relied penalty. One time the midgets and the monsters live at the Museum. Cabinet of curiosities soon became known throughout Europe. Further, the collection continued to grow with exhibits from all over the country.
Peter and Paul fortress
Near the Museum, on hare island. This building is the beginning of the EIGHTEENTH century, a fortified building on an island in the river Neva, is designed to protect the city from the enemy. Later it served as prison for dangerous criminals. Inside the fortress is the Peter and Paul Cathedral with a tower at 123 meters, and the Grand-Ducal crypt (where the tombs of tsars from Peter I to Nicholas II) and the History Museum.
The Hermitage and Winter Palace
The Hermitage is one of the largest art museums containing hundreds of thousands of art objects from all over the world, paintings and sculptures. There are works by Titian, Rubens, da Vinci and Michelangelo – even a cursory examination can take several years. The complex of the Hermitage consists of Small, Medium and New buildings is a magnificent XIX century building, which just captures the spirit of delight.
The winter Palace, part of the State Hermitage Museum is the last residence of Russian emperors, built during the reign of Catherine the Second. The luxury and beauty of this Palace and Park ensemble will not leave indifferent any visitor the interior a model of perfection, and every detail is executed with pinpoint precision.
Dvortsovaya square before the Hermitage where there is a lot of significant for Russia events, are best viewed in the evening when the facade of the Palace, illuminated with lights, it looks incredibly beautiful.
The Palace Of Catherine I
Another remarkable building is simply a must for inspection. Surrounded by beautiful alleys and green parks is a Large Catherine Palace – the favourite summer residence of the tsars. It is made in the Rococo style, with gold ornaments on the front in blue and white. Inside and outside the splendor and luxury: carved pilasters, lots of statues, gold, huge Windows and the frescoes on the ceiling.
Church of the Savior on blood
In St. Petersburg the Church on spilled blood is an analogue of Moscow’s Saint Basil’s Cathedral. Built in 1881 on the spot where Tsar Alexander II was fatally wounded. The style of the building — the Russian Revival style of ancient temples from the frames and innovative features, mosaic murals and many carved sculptures. Huge, bright and colorful dome of the Cathedral visible from virtually anywhere in St. Petersburg.
Inside the Church — Europe’s largest collection of mosaic (with an area of over 7000 square meters). Highlighted the place of the martyrdom of the king – it is inlaid with Siberian topazes and precious stones. Adjacent to the Cathedral, the Mikhailovsky garden, you can relax under the shade of alleys.
The convent and Cathedral are on the West Bank of the Neva, in the heart of the city. This is another architectural monument in the style of Elizabethan Baroque, blue and white palette with gilded domes, built by the great Rastrelli. The monumental building and the strict, yet simple and solemn. In the monastery, visit the concert hall where classical music is performed and one of the permanent exhibitions.
In the warmer months, be sure to make some time to visit the Summer garden. This is one of the oldest parks in the city, started in 1709. If you find yourself a few centuries ago, walking in the shadows of the alleys or considering the numerous marble sculptures.
Park as close as possible to the place of rest, which pleased the residents of the city (Park in the nineteenth was a public place). Here, even the grille is considered a masterpiece of classicism and one of the most beautiful fences in the world. The canopy of trees and quaint fountains will give coolness. It is noteworthy that the name of the river of Fontanka comes from the many water sources of the Summer garden. A beautifully designed pavilions in the style of late classicism with the exhibition halls inside will help to hide from the rain.
Here begins the construction of the city. Here on a small island in the mouth of the Neva you will find plenty of attractions: the Menshikov Palace, the house Troyekurov (typical example of the buildings of the EIGHTEENTH century), St Andrew’s Cathedral and Egypt’s Sphinx made of pink granite on the waterfront. To get to the island is through the Annunciation and the Palace bridge, where the night offers incredible views of the city.
During a tour of the city, it is difficult to get round this building is the Maritime Museum, the former them from 1823 to 1940. To it converge the three main streets of the city, and the spire of the building (72 meters tall), decorated with a weather vane — a ship, a symbol of St. Petersburg. Namely, the Admiralty — an outstanding monument of architecture of the EIGHTEENTH century, a magnificent synthesis of sculpture and architecture. It 56 statues, reliefs 11, 50 moldings, under the theme «glory to the Russian fleet».
30 kilometers from St. Petersburg, in its Western part is the world-famous Palace and Park complex, part of world heritage of UNESCO. This is another idea of Peter I, who decided to create a Russian Versailles, in their favorite city. For the construction of the ceremonial Royal residence was called the best architects and builders from all over Europe. The whole ensemble is made in the Baroque style — gilding, reliefs, openwork lattice and pilasters, create a feeling of luxury, however, and celebrations.
Four cascade Lower and Upper gardens consist of 144 fountains of various sizes. Each Park are unique in their own way: Alexandria, Village, meadow, and English. The Grand Palace is a unique art Museum that contains a collection of 3.5 thousand exhibits that relate to the Russian tsars. And in the fall became a tradition to organize the closing ceremony of the fountains at the Grand cascade, when the facade of the Palace is transformed into a stage area, where there is a laser light show, lighted jet fountains.
The main sights of St. Petersburg with their unique architecture will not let you get bored in this city ever. And I think you will join the number of visitors, does not cease to repeat one word: «Fantastic!». But locals know that the dark days are much easier experienced among the white nights….