The longest bridge in Russia
Russia is a vast country which abounds in rivers. To the reservoirs does not become an obstacle in the way of people or transport them to the shore connected by bridges. Similar structures sometimes staggering in their scope: their length is measured in kilometers and takes decades. Among them are designs that deserve the laurels of the championship in the category «the longest bridge in Russia.»
Presidential bridge — the longest bridge in Russia
To ensure the connection between the European part of Russia and Ural and the Siberian regions in 1980 began to think about the construction of a huge bridge across the Volga. The construction of the structure began after three years of careful planning. Initially it was assumed that the construction will take a maximum of 9 years. But problems with the financing of this project was systematically pushed back the timing of the official opening. As a result, the entire construction took 23 years.
The bridge officially opened in 2009, and then was given permanent permission to travel. The design has a record length – 5,825-km are Impressive and the rest of the parameters:
- the length of the total length of the transition – 12,970 km;
- the length of a span – 221 m;
- weight span of more than 4000 tons;
- the width of the upper layer of 25 m, and the lower 13 m;
- the maximum height of the towers is 60 m.
Bridge De-Friz — Sedanka
Second place on the right is the bridge that provides a connection between the Peninsula Muraveva-Amur and De Vries. It passes through Amur Bay, and its length is 4,364 km. the First work on the building construction started in late 2009, and in August 2012 the construction was completed.
The bridge consists of two levels. Its width is 23,88 m. It is illuminated by energy saving lamps, which are located along its length. There are over 260 pieces.
Bridge over Yuribey
Due to the length of 3.9 km, the bridge over Yuribey takes the third place in the ranking. The building provides rail connections to Bovanenkovsky oil Deposit. The construction of the bridge took only 349 days which is a record time. The structure was opened in June 2009. So as not to harm the local ecosystem, it was decided not to resort to the traditional dumping ground, and to use piles, sunk into the permafrost of 20-40 m.
One of the longest bridge is located in Khabarovsk, which connects the banks of the Amur river. This is a two-storey building called the «engineering marvel». The construction of the bridge took place in 1913-1916. The length of the structure is 3,891 km in the Old World, it was considered the longest. Due to the construction of the bridge were built the longest road in the world – the TRANS-Siberian railway.
Khabarovsk bridge is one of the most beautiful bridges in Russia. His image decorated the banknote of 5000 rubles.
Big Obukhovsky bridge
Big Obukhovsky bridge gets the fifth place in the ranking. The building is located in St. Petersburg and spans the river Neva. It consists of two structures that provide transportation. Their length is equal 2,884 km. of Distance from the water to the bridge – 30 m, which allows overall ships freely to ply on the river. The official opening of the bridge dates back to 2004.
In the top ten by the greatest length is and Saratov bridge. The construction length in 2,825 km was opened in July 1965. The bridge connects the shore of the Volgograd reservoir, on which the city of Saratov and Engels. After the incident in 2004, drops some pillars, the building was reconstructed. Repairs were completed in 2014. They allow you to extend the life of the structure for 20 years, after which it will carry or will make pedestrian.
Railway bridge on the route Adler
Seventh the length is a railway bridge located on the route Adler. Its length is equal to 2,517 meters. The bridge was built at a record pace, as its opening was planned before the Olympic games in 2014. Despite the difficult conditions in which were built the construction, the builders managed to meet deadlines. The operation of the bridge began in 2013.
The banks of the river Volga in Volgograd connects the eighth longest bridge, whose length is 2,514 km and Its construction began in 1996, but because of problems with financing the construction moved into the category of long-term construction. The official opening of the bridge took place in October 2009. After six months of operation have been spotted rocking structure, which was closed for a few days. The defect was eliminated by installing vibration absorbers in 2011. Now the building is in excellent condition, and the unpleasant incident recalls only the alternative title, «dancing bridge».
New Saratov bridge
In 1991 started the construction of a ninth bridge in Russia, which will provide a link between the cities of Saratov and Engels. It was planned to build design through the Volgograd storage with a length of 2,350 km Portion of the project was completed in 2000, and the final completion of the work dates back to 2009.
The last place in the top ten is Temernitsky bridge. It is located in Rostov-on-don, and connects the river don. Construction construction began in 2007. Due to the emergency status of the Voroshilov bridge, the pace of construction works has been accelerated. Despite the huge length of the structure, which is 2,255 km and its construction only took 3 years. In mid-December 2010, the bridge was officially opened.
The candidates for the leadership
In St. Petersburg, completed construction of the two-level flyover, which length will yield only the Presidential bridge. And in 2018 it is planned the opening of the undisputed leader of the bridge across the Kerch Strait. It is expected that its length will be about 19 km