The largest region of Russia by area

The Russian state consists of regions and subjects of the Federation. Every region has its own distinctive culture, history and attractions that are visited by tourists. And what is the largest region of Russia, and what will be remembered visited her here?

The history of the Tyumen region

The area occupied by the Tyumen oblast is 1435,2 square kilometers and is nearly one tenth of the entire Russian Federation. The West Siberian region began to settle people another 15 thousand years ago – the late stone age. The first inhabitants of this region were engaged in hunting and fishing, as evidenced by archaeological finds. Later began to develop pottery and Metalworking. Trade was conducted with Eastern and Western neighbors.

The largest region of Russia by area

Until the 16th century on the territory of Tyumen region lived Turkic tribes, as well as representatives of the Northern peoples (Khanty and Mansi, Selkups, Nenets). In the mid-14th century, there of the Siberian khanate, which is the war against Nogai Horde. During the reign of Khan Kuchum, the Siberian khanate was powerful enough. This man managed to unite the warring tribes living on this territory. The main task of the Khan was the expulsion of the Russian population from these lands up to the Urals.

To protect their territory stood the Ural merchants Stroganovs. They hired a Cossack detachment of Ermak, who clashed with the soldiers of the Siberian Khan and in 1582 took place the decisive battle of Chuvash Cape. The squad of Ermak won and greatly undermined the power of the enemy. In General, the campaign of the Cossacks lasted 4 years. And despite the death of Ermak, the khanate has failed to regain its former strength and power.

Tyumen oblast

From that moment began the relocation and development of Siberian land Russian. In 1586, construction began on the jail, which in future is destined to become the capital of the Tyumen region. In the late 16th century are laid and expand new land routes and the number wanting to move to new lands is growing every year. But the main city first to Tobolsk. Together with Tyumen they become the largest cities of the region, and the level of development catch up with many European cities.

Tyumen oblast and the Decembrists

This region became a place of mass exile of the Decembrists in the early 17th century. In these places, he served his sentence Annensky, Sergey Muravyov-Apostol and other participants in the failed coup. Their stay on the territory of the Tyumen region has made large progressive change in the spiritual and cultural life of those places.

In Yalutorovsk with their light hand the first school where I studied children from different classes. They also organized the first women’s school in Tobolsk and took an active part in the development of education in the region. Everything here was serving a sentence 36 of the Decembrists, many of whom were later joined by their wives, who were the first teachers in the new schools.

Monument to the Decembrists

Tyumen oblast has also become a place of exile and other prominent representatives of culture of the time. A classic of Russian literature Fyodor Dostoevsky, educator and social activist Radishchev, a participant of the liberation movement Petrashevsky also at the time was in exile in Tobolsk province. Due to the influence of these people, Tobolsk became the center of cultural and social life of the region. By the late 18th century in Tobolsk began to be published the region’s first literary journal and theatre was opened.

After the revolution Tobolsk became the place where they kept the former Tsar Nicholas II and his entire family. Later they were moved to Ekaterinburg, where he was shot. After the revolution the chief town of the Tobolsk province becomes Tyumen. But the Soviet government did not find support among the local peasants. Unlike other regions of the Russian state, the standard of living of ordinary people was much higher, and they don’t particularly like change.

The Decembrists in Siberia

The Soviet period

The largest region of Russia by area developed rapidly in the 20th century. In its part of Autonomous district (Yamal-Nenets and Khanty-Mansi). But, as in past centuries, Tyumen oblast became the place of exile for undesirables the Soviet government. Infamous worldwide GULAG in which the exiled political prisoners, was in these parts.

Tyumen in the early 20th century

Also painful was the collectivization of 20-30 years. Local wealthy peasants did not want to give their property to the collective use, because what they had acquired by their own labor.

During the Second World war, Tyumen oblast becomes a shelter for many of the evacuated enterprises, which continued its work at the new location.

In 1964 the region was discovered rich deposits of oil and this fact becomes a turning point in the history of the region. It attracts residents from all corners of the Soviet Union, growing new cities, industry and culture. Such quantity of the mineral, which is in the Tyumen region, nowhere else in the former Soviet Union.

Industry of the Tyumen region

Modern Tyumen oblast

Today the largest area of Russia in square is not only a major industrial region but also a center of culture. The tourist who wants to see these places, you will not be bored.

Tobolsk Kremlin

The pearl of Siberia is considered the Tobolsk Kremlin. On its territory there is a lot of thematic museums and souvenir shops where everyone can buy a souvenir made by local craftsmen.

Embankment in Tyumen

In the Tyumen region many temples, monasteries and cathedrals, which are not only the spiritual centre of the region, but also architectural monuments. Many of which were built in the pre-revolutionary period and has retained its original style and patina of the era.

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