The largest planet in the Solar system
The solar system is a system of cosmic bodies that constantly revolve around the Sun – the Central star, the permanent source of energy, light and heat.
There are many opinions about the origin of the Sun and the Solar system. The most common theory suggests that they were the result of the explosion of incredible proportions, which formed a huge cloud of gas and dust. This cloud was in constant motion and under the action of pressure and its own weight, it formed a sphere. It was the birth of our star called the Sun and the whole Solar system.
The center of the Solar system is the Sun. Around him constantly rotating, each on its celestial path, the orbit of the nine planets. But the Sun is not in the direct center of all nine planets, so during its motion the planets closer to the sun, then away from him. The planet is a massive space objects, adopted a rounded shape under the action of its gravity. What planet in the Solar system the biggest?
The fifth planet from the Sun
The largest planet in the solar system is Jupiter. This celestial giant, which inherited its name from the Roman God, among all the currently known planets can rightly be called the giant of the Solar system because his mass is 317,8 mass of the Earth, and if you add up the masses of the other eight planets, they would not be able to exceed its result. The radius of Jupiter – 69 911 km, while its density is smaller than density of the Earth 4 times – it is 1.33 g/cm. Jupiter is the fifth planet from the Sun is a star that is far away from the asteroid belt.
Jupiter makes a complete orbit around the Sun in 12 earth years, traveling at the speed of, an average of up to 13.1 km/s. But for rotation around its axis the planet is just 10 earth hours, a speed of about 45 000 km/h.
The atmosphere of Jupiter layered: the top layer – hydrogen, medium – hydrogen mixed with helium, the lower – the so-called cloud layer also is composed of hydrogen and helium, but enriched at the same and other substances. These substances in turn to form three layers: the top layer of frozen ammonia, the pressure of which is similar to the pressure on the Ground, but the temperature is – 100C°; the middle layer is a mixture of hydrosulphate ammonium and hydrogen sulfide; lower – layer water clouds. All these layers are separated from each other by jets of atmospheric fluxes to the great forces do not change its direction of motion.
Jupiter has the extended atmosphere in the Solar system is 6000 km away and it drifts in and the diamond castle, the size of which reach a diameter of a soccer ball. According to scientists, the diamonds on the fifth planet formed as being a large amount of methane, which with lightning carbon, then kristallizuetsya in graphite. Formed graphite down into the lower layers and reaches a level of the atmosphere, pressure and temperature that matches the pressure and temperature of the earth’s volcanoes. So graphite turns into diamonds, which have yet to melt under the influence of heat kernels for 30 000 km.
Images of Jupiter we can see stripes of different colors. It is the atmosphere of the planet. But it is also a solid education – the core, its diameter is only one and a half times greater than the Earth’s core, but a mass encircling the planet 10 times. Jupiter is able to heat around it are satellites due to heat, which distinguish it from the bowels, which is its unique feature.
The largest planet in the Solar system at the present stage of development of astronomical science has 28 satellites, 4 of which were opened in the early XX century, the great scientist Galileo Galilei. These 4 satellites have an impressive size and move around Jupiter in almost perfectly circular orbits. 20 satellites of the planet are at such a great distance that Jupiter himself from the surface of some of them sees no more than our Moon.
On the fifth planet are often raging hurricanes, which get their names according to how they see scientists from the Earth: the White oval, the Little red spot, Great red spot, etc. the Last of these was discovered by astronomer John. Cassini in 1665. It is the largest on Jupiter and its size traverses the entire planet.
Today Jupiter before, remains under the scrutiny of scientists: they explore the possibility of living organisms on this space object. Currently, astronomers agree that the planet’s atmosphere cannot be considered favorable for the existence of that, however, does not exclude the likelihood of emergence of life based on ammonia. However, this is only a theoretical assumption.