The largest aircraft carrier in the world
At the moment in the world there are many large carriers. To fulfil its tasks of a modern army needed mobility, that’s why we need aircraft carriers, on whose Board can carry dozens of fighter aircraft and thousands of people. Some of the biggest carriers in the world operate to this day, while other can only be seen in museums.
With absolute precision you can say that the ship «Nimitz» — the largest aircraft carrier in the world. Its length is 333 meters. Due to the wide flight deck on this giant can accommodate approximately 90 aircraft (among which 64 military aircraft, designed to destroy objects in the air and 26 helicopters). The crew of the «Nimitz» has more than 3 thousand people, among them the bulk – aircrew, and 70 people are in the chain of command. Almost all the carriers in this series are similar in technical parameters, design solution and combat equipment. By the way, the aircraft carrier Nimitz can operate twenty years without changing the energy of the power plant. This means that it can be safely sent to this long term on a long journey. The first aircraft carrier of this series was launched in 1975.
Not to mention the power of the carrier consisting of a main and auxiliary systems. The first in turn consists of two water reactors powering two of the rotary engine with rotary motion of each rotor. The main difference of such a reactor is that the role of the coolant and retarder plain water under pressure. At the moment, this type of reactor is considered the most effective and therefore very popular worldwide. If you combine the power of four turbines, it is possible to get the output of this monster with a capacity of 280 thousand horsepower. The auxiliary system consists of four diesel engines, each with a capacity of 10, 7 thousand horses. The aircraft carrier Nimitz is equipped with a powerful weapon to defend against the enemy who attacks from the air and water. There are three SAMS, four anti-aircraft guns caliber 22 mm, two settings for firing torpedoes (caliber 324 mm).
The Aircraft Carrier Enterprise
There is another major carrier that is worthy of getting into our rating. Its length in meters 342,3 he is superior to all warships. But not only the length distinguishes this carrier from others – he was the first equipped with a power plant operating on the energy of the fission chain reaction nucleus. In the military plans of the developers of the United States included the release of 5 more such aircraft carriers, but since the creation of the first boat took more than 459 million dollars to continue this line changed my mind. That is why the carrier didn’t put too expensive a shipboard anti-aircraft missile complex «Terrier», instead it was equipped with American guided missile RIM-7 Sea Sparrow with a shorter range, and further added and other systems.
Interestingly, one load of nuclear fuel is enough to ensure the smooth operation of the ship for thirteen years. During this period, he can cover nearly a million miles.
The creation of the giant was gone for about three years, in 1957 began the construction of an aircraft carrier. Five years later, the ship went to sea with his first real baptism under the leadership of captain Vincent Depot. Debut military operation, the enterprise made during the Cuban missile crisis. In 1965, a military ship used in Southeast Asia, where he had the opportunity to participate in the Vietnam war. By the way, at that moment, he was the first aircraft carrier with a nuclear installation, which take part in the hostilities. In the same period, the enterprise has established a world record within 24 hours of an aircraft carrier rose 165 units.
Had «Enterprise» to survive a crash near the rocket Zuni 127 mm was located instituted a self-propelled trackless ground transport vehicle designed to be towed by vehicles. It the exhaust gases of the high temperature caused the self-starting of the rocket, causing it crashed into a tank of fuel that was on Board the plane, and this has already led to the oil spill. The effects were global – exploded aerial bombs, more than twenty of the crew were killed, about 350 injured, fifteen aircraft were destroyed. The total damage amounted to more than a hundred million American dollars. By the way, giant does not hurt.
In the 80-ies on the Enterprise conducted a major overhaul of a nuclear reactor and removed the ship’s radar SCANFAR company Hughes Aircraft. At the beginning of the new century, the aircraft carrier participated in a military operation conducted by the United States and great Britain against Iraq «desert Fox», also used for the expulsion of Afghan Taliban land. Then he returned to the waters of the Arabian Gulf where they provided air support for the Americans during the hostilities against Iraq. A few years ago, the enterprise again settled in the Persian Gulf.
Among carriers of Europe and Asia stands the ship, named in honor of the great Admiral MF of the USSR Kuznetsov. This giant is one of the most powerful and the largest.
Development of the aircraft carrier began in 1982. Technical indicators giant promised to make him a good carrier. The deck is conceived to make extended to the su-25 and su-27 had the opportunity to fly. On a military ship «Admiral Kuznetsov» was first used optical system aircraft carrier landing «Moon».
The length of the «Admiral Kutuzov» is a little more than three hundred meters, allowing you to place it 25 helicopters and the same number of aircraft. Judging by the combat and radar equipment, our carrier will certainly take its place among the leaders. On the deck there are twelve PU «Granite» eight «Daggers», a six-gun mounts AK-630M and four launchers «Dagger». Thanks to this powerful armament, the carrier can maintain continuous fire for a long time. At the moment, on the current carrier decided to completely replace the su-33 for MiG-29K, and later to commence overhaul.