The highest mountains on earth
Climbers have always been attracted to snow-capped peaks. The simple townsfolk sometimes difficult to understand how a magnet pulls these people that oblivious to the turmoil, despite the danger, they climb up. In today’s collection, we offer the highest mountains on earth. These giants live in the Himalayas, focusing in the area where the boundaries touch several countries.
Mountain with a height of 8 km 91 m, is located on the 10th place in our ranking. Annapurna was conquered by climbers in the middle of the last century – it was two risky Frenchman Maurice Herzog and Louis Lachenal. Since then, similar attempts were undertaken repeatedly, but the mountain is famous for its treacherous nature – she doesn’t care what the traveler experience and training. You will climb to the top depends on the will of the case and no more.
The difficulties lie in wait for travelers at the very beginning – if you manage to get to base camp – that’s good. You will not only have to climb a steep incline of 40 degrees, but beware of sudden avalanches. Of the many attempts, only 150 were successful – travelers managed to overcome obstacles and rise to the top. Others were less lucky. Almost one in five attempted to climb up, dies.
The next peak, rising on 8 of 125 meters, is located in the West of the Himalayas. Since the mid-19th century, hunters for the thrill tried to conquer Nanga Parbat, but a century he had stood unconquered. In the 53 year of the twentieth century, the Austrian Hermann Buhl managed this feat. Let me tell you, he did it alone!
This mountain has established itself as one of the most dangerous to climb – every fifth climber dies.
Keeps a list of the highest mountains on earth – Manaslu, its height is 8 km 163 m. At her, as his predecessors had managed to climb into the mid-20th century. The top of the mountain, surrendered to the Japanese, Toshio Imanishi and Gasline Sherpa Norbu. The conquest of the peaks was complicated by the fact that Manaslu is located in the vicinity of Tibet, therefore, and the mountain and its surrounding territory was inaccessible to foreigners.
The highest point in this mountain range rises above sea level, 8 kilometers 167 meters. The first climbers who climbed to the top, become a team of Europeans in the way they were assisted by the Sherpa porters. This event occurred in the 60 year of the last century. And still remains the insurmountable wall of dhaulagiri, located on the southern route.
Located on the Sino-Nepalese border, the mountain rises to 8 of 188 meters. With such a significant height to look around the neighborhood could the Austrians in the 54 year of the twentieth century. It should be noted that if you want to conquer an eight-thousander, the best tops you do not find the mountain is very easy to climb. No wonder it has become a place of pilgrimage for lovers of mountaineering.
So we got to five of the highest mountains in the world, and opens her Makalu — one of the most difficult mountains to climb, or a third of all those wishing to climb to the top, it is possible to implement the plan. The pioneers are members of the French expedition. Nine people in 1955, reached the summit Makalu, located at the level of more than 8480 meters.
This three-headed mountain climbers from Swiss Ernst Reiss and Fritz Luchsinger, in 1956 carried out the first ascent. Its height is 8516 meters. Lhotse is not so easy to overcome, at mount three routes by which to reach the top. And one of these routes only once allowed climbers to reach the peak. And it happened at the end of the last century.
The giant growth of 8 km 586 m stands on the Nepal-India border. He resigned in 1955. Here are the names of brave men is the British Joe brown, George Band and expedition leader Charles Evans. Kanchenjunga violates the statistics — if you usually mortality while climbing tends to decline, in the case of this mountain, the situation is diametrically opposite.
At the top of Chogori is the Pakistani-Chinese border. First discovered this giant in 1856. In one hundred years the height of 8 km 611 meters surrendered to the Italians Lino and Achille Lacedelli Companion. You know what’s fun? Chogori, though not a leading position, but to climb to its peak is much more prestigious than to reach the top of Chomolungma. The mortality rate here is 25%.
The biggest mountain in the world
So we got to the highest mountain of the world of Chomolungma. There is a giant increase of 8848 meters on the Nepalese-Chinese border. On the top of the mountain blowing winds, their strength exceeds 50 m/s, at night it is cold here — 60 degrees Celsius. Since 1953 when Sherpa Tenzing Norgay and new Zealander Edmund Hillary conquered the top of the first time Everest was conquered many times. Every year more than five hundred people trying to conquer Everest. The mortality rate of climbing is relatively low — 11%.