The highest mountain in Russia

Nature has endowed the Russian land is extremely generous. There is also a dense, majestic forests and broad, deep rivers, broad and vast steppes. On the territory of the Russian Federation there are majestic mountain ranges. The highest mountains dazzle the eye with its power and understated magnificence. Climbers from around the world seeking to conquer the mountain peaks of Russia, but not everyone can do it.

the highest mountain in Russia

Elbrus

Stratovolcano that is located in the Caucasus, is not only the highest mountain peak in Russia, but throughout Europe. Also Elbrus is included in the rating of the highest peaks of the planet. In the Kabardian language, the name of the mountain sounds like Oshkhamakho. Height of mount Elbrus of 5642 meters above sea level.

In the area of mount Elbrus well-developed transport and tourist infrastructure, making it a favorite place of rest and workouts like mountain climbers and skiers. Water from the glaciers flows down perfectly fills the rivers of Stavropol region and Caucasus. At a height of about 5.5 km on the saddle of the mountain is the highest mountain refuge of the European part of the planet.

Elbrus in the summer

For the first time determined the height of mount Elbrus academician. K. Wisniewski, in his version, it was 5421 meter. It happened in the distant 1813. The total area of glaciers flowing down from the top is 134 sq. km, a total of 23 climbers.

In 1829 took place the first successful ascent of mount Elbrus, which was organized by the Russian Academy of Sciences. The expedition included many famous scientists of the time: a zoologist Eduard Menetries, Professor Adolf Kupfer, traveler from Hungary Janos Besse, and the artist Joseph Bernardazzi. He managed first to capture in their pictures the greatness of this top. Led an expedition General Georgy Emmanuel. In honor of his successful conquest of the mountain they left a memorial inscription on the stone with the names of all the members of the expedition.

the ascent of Elbrus

This stone was discovered by Soviet climbers in the last century in 1932. But the Western peak of Elbrus was conquered later in 1874, it took a team of climbers from England, led by Florence grove. The first woman who ascended to Elbrus, was the mountaineer Alexander Japaridze (1925).

In 1989, it holds regular Championships of speed climb to the top of Elbrus, which involved climbers from around the world.

Elbrus

Dykhtau

This mountain is located in Kabardino-Balkaria, and its height is 5204 meters. Translated from the Balkar language its name means «high mountain». The first successful ascent was recorded in 1888, it managed to make albert Mummery.

Dykhtau

This mountain is quite difficult to climb, so to reach the summit may be the only professional climbers who have the experience of years of training and relevant experience. The complexity of the movement is that the route runs across the rocks and snow-ice areas.

Koshtantau

This peak can be called one of the most beautiful, but at the same time and the most inaccessible mountains of the Caucasus mountain range. In German, it sounds like «mountain, which resembles a remote housing.» The height of Koshtantau is 5152 meters above sea level.

The first attempt to conquer the summit in 1888 by English climbers ended in tragedy. They died before they reached the top point dangerous peaks. The success of the first ascent belongs to Herman Woolley, it happened a year later in 1889.

Koshtantau

Currently this top is very popular among the professional climbers around the world who seek to conquer the unapproachable beauty.

the top of Koshtantau

PIK Pushkina

In the Central part of the Main Caucasus mountain range in Kabardino-Balkar Republic located the fourth highest peak of the Russian Federation. Its name it received in honor of the 100th anniversary of the death of the great Russian poet Alexander Pushkin (1938). Its height slightly more than 5 kilometers.

PIK Pushkina

The first conquest of the summit refers to 1937, it managed to make the Soviet climbers headed by Viktor Zimin, a well-known Russian climber. In 2007 there was yet another successful ascent to the Peak of Pushkin. In the expedition took part the group of climbers from the club «Successful athletics» and the team of climbers «Skyrunner» («Running through the sky»). The researchers opened an unforgettable and breathtaking view of the glacier toguzak.

Dzhangitau

The highest mountains in Russia located in the Caucasus mountain range, and one of these peaks is Dzhangitau (5085 m). Translated from the Karachay-Balkar language the name means «new mountain.»

Dzhangitau

The first climber who conquered this peak, was John cockin. It happened climbing in 1888. Since then, throughout the years, Dzhangitau is particularly popular with climbers who want to test their strength and agility on its slopes. Today, for the conquest of the summit approved the special prize «the Snow leopard of Russia». The first owners of this prestigious trophy was the climber of Sochi Alexey Bukinich.

Shkhara

One of the most fascinating peaks of the Caucasus mountain range has an altitude of 5068 meters. Its slopes are covered with sparkling glaciers, which in Sunny weather, millions of sparkling shimmer glare. The highest point in Georgia means «Striped».

Shkhara

The first ascent to this peak was in 1888. The first climbers who managed to reach the highest point of Shkhara, had been U. Almer and C. Roth. On the slopes of this mountain flows the icy river, turn into mighty waterfalls. The picture that opens the eyes of the climbers, impresses with its grandeur and unique charm of the snowy peaks. In the Soviet period, the first conquest of the mountain was recorded in 1933.

mountain Shkhara

Kazbek

The most Eastern peak of the Caucasus, has a height of more than 5000 meters, is an extinct volcano. It is Kazbek is associated with many legends and stories that the locals are happy to talk to everyone came to admire this beauty.

Kazbek

 

One of the stories is very reminiscent of the myth of the Greek hero Prometheus. In the Ingush legend, a young man who dared to bring fire to people, call Corchia. The first conquerors of mount Kazbek was English climbers, Freshfield and Tucker (1868).