The greenest city of Russia
The main criterion in the choice of residence is the environmental cleanliness of the city. Today, more and more cities try to get to the first positions in the ranking of the most green cities. By what signs is determined by the environmental cleanliness of the city? That can be assessed visually, without carrying out complex lab research?
First, is the availability of green space, improve and purify the air. Second, the use of modern technologies for collection and recycling. Environmental cleanliness of the city depends on how well consumed electricity and natural resources. Important and careful attitude to nature, environmentally friendly modes of transport and the availability of conventional bike lanes. And yet the greenest city is determined by the amount of vegetation. I wonder what Russian city was awarded this title?
The most green city of the Russian Federation Ufa is located on the banks of the longest river in Bashkortostan Republic under the name of White. The city is located on the Northern border of forest-steppe subzone. Despite the fact that Ufa refers to the temperate climatic zone of the weather conditions here are close to the continental climate. So for years, you can see how to replace the winter frost comes in bright colorful summer. Ufa comes alive in the summer: in parks and squares (and there are a huge number) are constantly people walking, because the weather at this time of year, Sunny and warm. The city has a Botanical garden, Golden grove, dozens of registered parks and forests, occupying a large part of the area. From the height of Ufa recalls spread a palette of bright colors due to the large number of growing trees: oaks, mountain ashes and fragrant lime trees (the most valuable honey plants). Scrublands are dominated by wild rose (wild rose), hawthorn and fragrant Jasmine. There are pine forests, the aroma of which will certainly want to enjoy the rest.
Ufa unlike many cities of Russia is allocated by the elongation site, this is due to its geographical location. For this indicator, the capital of Bashkortostan is second only to the Volgograd and the resort town of Krasnodar region — Sochi. Numbering of houses in the Central part of the city decreases from East to West and from North to South. The report comes from the river, because the historical growth of the streets started from the water.
Ufa is rightly considered the greenest city of the Russian Federation, because one person has 202 m2 of green space. In addition, the capital of Bashkortostan is considered the most spacious large settlement of the country by area, it left behind only 6 cities: the polar division, Norilsk, Sochi, Saint-Petersburg, Moscow and Perm.
Despite the many green spaces, the urban environment suffers from a high concentration of organizations that produce industrial products (plants, factories). The city government attaches great importance to organizational activities aimed at reducing absolute and specific impact on the environment. Despite the constant development of industry, there is a decrease in emissions of harmful substances from immobile technological units. In addition, improving the situation with wastewater: over the past few years, the volume of poorly neutralized discharge of wastewater decreased by 1%.
To achieve success and to increase the efficiency of environmental measures was only possible thanks to the construction of sewage treatment plants and their conversion. After the reconstruction has significantly increased the cleaning efficiency. And since the launch of the fourth unit of engineering structures in sewer systems and water supply systems, in which purified waste water, the daily increase of 500 thousand m3. Advanced system directed to the biological wastewater treatment and disinfection with ultraviolet radiation. With the launch of the shop of mechanical dehydration and drying, was able to stop the discharge of polluted effluents into the water course. After carrying out works on modernization and reconstruction of the nodes in the organization «Ufavodokanal» there is a possibility of switching drains. To maintain the ecological safety of the city trying a lot of businesses, but most of all, this question is concerned with the canning factory, «Progress», JSC «Dubitel ‘» and «Soliton». Followed by the construction of new wastewater treatment facilities were engaged in other enterprises of NGO «Immunopreparat», OJSC «Pharmstandard-Ufavita», «Microgen» and «UMPO».
The development of oil refining and gas, engineering, pharmaceutical, food and light industry gave rise to becoming a major industrial centre. On the territory of Ufa is more than 160 industrial enterprises.
One who happened to be in Bashkortostan, will confirm that Ufa is one of the most stunning cities, where perfectly combine technological advances, extraordinary landscape and architecture. The oil refining industry and transport interchanges do not become an obstacle in the fight for the title of the green city.