The fastest way to swim
Every person on the planet has ever been found in the water and wanted to learn it to stay, to swim well. Someone taught parents who went to a special section in the pool, and was taught by true professionals. Watching on TV the next Olympics, viewers will be able to see the competition in the reservoirs in different types of swimming: breaststroke, crawl stroke, freestyle and butterfly. Why choose these species? The answer is simple – observing all the physical laws, using such means the swimmer will be able to overcome greatest distance at minimum cost of energy. But the athlete should always remember that all the movements of the hands and feet should be harmonious with the breath, adjusted to the fraction of a second, otherwise you can lose a few extra seconds and lose the race.
But what swimming style is the fastest? Many experts believe that the maximum speed a swimmer can reach, swimming the crawl. This style has long history, in Ancient Rome some residents could boast of his blistering speed in the water. In Europe, the rabbit came only in the late 19th century, up to this point the representatives of the old world use brass.
To understand the mechanism uses the fin in that style of navigation, you need to present the following picture: the athlete is in the water, down her belly, one by one, then left, then right hand, rakes in the liquid, the head is at the bottom, only occasionally turning in the direction for a set of air legs, making a wavelike motion, similar to a small repulsion from any kind of surface.
The history of the formation of the fastest style
The technique of swimming crawl
Surprisingly, it was only in the mid-nineteenth century crawl for the first time used in the international arena. It was used by the Indians, who easily surpassed other rivals, leaving them behind for a few tens of meters. At the moment professional swimmers found this style of barbarian and didn’t want to swim. In their opinion, it lacked a touch of aristocracy, because many sprays in all directions and strange hand movements couldn’t be something good, worthy blue blood. But in any society there are people who think differently. John Trencin, traveling to Latin America, have noticed the advantages of crawl and wanted to use this method at home, in England. But his footwork left much to be desired: the lower limb was given to them in the horizontal position, which was very not like Indians. A few years Richmond Cavill modernized approach of the Englishman. Now it is considered to be the founder of this style, which is why experts so often like to call it Australian crawl for the origin of the «discoverer». And Charles Daniels a little changed the Australian method, approaching a six-time stroke with the other hand.
The main thing – the work of the hands!
All styles of swimming start with this. Kroll is no exception. A consistent part of the overall movement mechanism hands:
- Hands immersed in water, there is a slight influx.
- First reference stroke, then the main.
- Hands out of the water.
- Arcing motion over the water.
The most important thing to do the swimmer in the first part is to bend your arm and at an acute angle to lower it into the water. The first in the water comes with a brush, then forearm, then shoulder. The burden falls on your shoulder, so you need to follow this sequence. After that, the hand is extended.
The work of the hands while swimming freestyle
The second part consists of reference and chief of the stroke. Especially for the support of the stroke the arm is going to bend at a sharp angle. And the main stroke occurs when the arm formed with the water angle of ninety degrees. Then the arm will straighten.
For the third part is the specific location of the arms along the body, namely parallel to it. Here you need to pay attention to the shoulder. The fact that the phase of the other arm submerged in the water, allowing the shoulder to come out first, the action takes place in reverse order (shoulder, forearm, hand).
The last part of the mechanism is more simple. Hand entered into a bent in the form along the body for repeating mechanism. It is important to know that in this movement the elbow of the swimmer is pointing up.
Crawl on back
The movement of the legs
The movements of the legs are wavy. The main strength comes from the hips, the knees should not bend, they can only occasionally afford to help.
Breathing when you crawl
One of the most important and crucial moments when swimming freestyle is proper breathing. It must have a very rhythmic sequence. The mechanism can be described in several phases:
- Education respiratory pocket. Head turns to the side raised up his hands, the breath.
- Exhales through my mouth and nose swimmer already at the lowered head in the water.
You need to follow these few factors to always feel water well. If you lose the breath, you can choke and drown.
Breathing when swimming freestyle
When you turn your head in both directions from the vertical, the number of breaths should be equal. That is why the body of a professional athlete so right moves in the water.
Breath on the left side:
- The right hand is located directly in the forward direction. The shoulder of the left arm begins to exit the water and implement a domed motion. The athlete directs his head to the left side, carries out the air intake.
All the same can be applied to the right side.
Coordination in Crawley
Many beginners often there are problems associated with counting the number of hand movements number of movements of the legs. Professionals share a whole rabbit, depending on the bulkhead feet on four subspecies:
But when the aspiring swimmer begin to count how many he did of the movements of the feet and hands at the same time, it only leads to a deterioration of the results. Only with practice the athlete comes internal counting different moves. For starters, you can get the following: one stroke hand for a couple strokes with the feet.
Mistakes and difficulties when swimming crawl
Teachers of swimming there are several errors:
- The posture of a seated person. In this position the body of the head adjacent to the neck, and feet pressed against his stomach. To ensure this doesn’t occur, you need to start swimming with straight leg, clearly feeling the position of his body in the water.
- Quite often during fast swimming, the athlete rises too high the head. It to anything good will not only inconvenience in the form of a large amount of water in the Airways.
- Strong strokes bring the body into a state of rocking the boat in a storm. Movement should be smooth and polished.
- Straight arms during the stroke. Performance is minimal.
- Improper breathing.
Crawl not so complicated style. It is important to observe some rules and then you will succeed.