The coldest city in Russia
The coldest Russian city located in the North-Eastern regions. Russia boasts amazing rich in nature. Whether it be dense forests, deep rivers, active volcanoes, geysers and endless plains. But not only nature, but also cities of Russia is unique and different. If one part of the country, beach season the sea is in April, then another until the end of may can be snow and keep the frost. About cities with favorable for the weather everyone knows, as tens of thousands of tourists come there every year. However, those cities, which rightfully can be called the most cold is not known to many.
What Russian city is the coldest?
Scientists have long argue, which of these cities is Russia really the coldest. Verkhoyansk and Oymyakon – the main contenders for this unusual title. In the winter, barely these cities similar to earth’s. Like entering into another galaxy.
Oymyakon is located in the Eastern part of Yakutia. The lowest temperature there was minus seventy-one degrees. Official confirmation is still there. The population of Oymyakon is around five hundred people, but slowly decreases. You can get there only by plane in the summer. Climatic conditions are so severe that in these places there is no vegetation. Oymyakon is sometimes referred to as a «pole of cold».
Located in Yakutia and Verkhoyansk is a city that is considered the coldest in the world. The name «pole of cold» he received in the nineteenth century. From Yakutsk to Verkhoyansk six hundred and fifty kilometers. During the Russian Empire the city was used as a place of exile for political criminals in the country. The average temperature there is minus fifteen degrees, but throughout the year is very changeable. The difference between the maximum and the minimum rate is huge. The region has little rainfall, even in comparison with the deserts. Residents in Verkhoyansk is extremely small, not more than fifteen thousand. This is due to the extremely harsh climate.
The minimum temperature recorded in the city was minus sixty-eight degrees. «Pole of cold», which is considered dangerous to human life, is in Verhojansk. The locals don’t choke the engines of cars in order to get home. However, in the area of the city a lot of minerals, including gold. However, due to severe weather conditions the extraction of resources is not carried out.
Second place at the lowest temperature belongs to the small town of Pevek, located in the Chukotka region. A population of 4,700 inhabitants. Plentywood is a relatively young city, which has not overcome yet and the centenarians. It is a port, part of the Northern sea route. In the mid-twentieth century there had been a labor camp where prisoners serve their sentences all over the USSR. The average temperature is minus nine degrees. Even in summer the temperature rarely reaches ten degrees Celsius.
From may to July in the city of light both day and night. This period is called polar day. From November until January Pevek polar night. Near the city is the development of deposits of gold and tin. Plentywood is located near the natural Park of «Wrangel Island», where visitors can see plants and animals that have adapted to survival in these harsh places.
On the third position in the cold lies the town of Dudenkov, located in the Krasnoyarsk region. Average temperature similar to the Sun, but summer is much warmer. To plus thirteen degrees rises, the thermometer, and rain can fall twice. The city is built on the banks of the Yenisei. The population of Dudinka around 22,500 inhabitants. To reach the city by car, by train, by sea. Of attractions include Museum of the North, Vvedensky Orthodox Church, the old building of the post office and the river station. In the area of the city there are many lakes where you can spend time in the fresh air.
Settlements in the Arctic
Permafrost built the city of Norilsk. It is located three hundred kilometers North of the Arctic circle. Summer together with autumn here lasts no more than two months. Winter temperatures drop to minus fifty-six. Permafrost occurs to a depth of about 500 metres, and on one inhabitant in the winter we have 10 tons of snow. Due to active mining of nonferrous metal in city heavy ecological situation.
But not only Russia can boast of the settlements located in a harsh environment. In the small canadian town of Snag located on the Yukon river was lowering the temperature to minus sixty-three degrees. It happened in 1947. These places became famous through the novels of Jack London about the gold miners of the Northern lands of the gold rush. At the same time in the Yukon and there were settlements.
Maximum temperature recorded in the Western hemisphere in Greenland. In 1954 it was minus sixty-six degrees and an average winter temperature of the Islands in the region of minus forty seven, which is even lower than in the Russian Yakutia.