The biggest trees on the planet
Trees are among the oldest inhabitants of the Earth. Today, their life is constantly at risk, because people are increasingly cutting down forests and green spaces for their needs. Artificial planting is not always done in appropriate places, and the trees in them rarely live to a ripe old age. Deforestation is a big environmental problem these days.
However, man is not only destroying trees, but also places them in the reserves. That’s where grow the biggest trees in the world. Photo they will not be able to give a full picture of their power, and they are difficult to find, as too large a flow of tourists can disrupt necessary for wood conditions.
The largest trees without documents
There are several mentions of trees-giants, which, however, did not receive proper acknowledgment. For example, in 1900 there were reports that in Canada in the valley Lynn recorded tree (conifer is the Douglas fir) height 125, 5 m. Tall trees on the planet were not noted.
In 1872 in Australia have reported that in Victoria, river watts, a local Forester. Ferguson found the tree species eucalyptus Royal height to 132.6 m. At the same time from the same state of Victoria came up the data on the identification of eucalyptus trees with a height of 140 m and more. But documentary evidence of these data is not received.
Today’s officially the lead in growth among trees, the Redwood Hyperion. The tree was named in honor of the Titan, a character in Greek mythology whose name translates as «very high». Growing Hyperion near San Francisco in Redwood national Park. Giant opened in 2006 K. Atkins and M. Taylor. Height of 115.5 m.
The unusual fact that Hyperion is growing on the slope, although large trees are more in the Central part of the valley (there is more damp). However, the giant continues to grow, adding about 2.5 cm It is a low speed. Scientists believe that the tip of the Hyperion was damaged (probably woodpeckers), which dropped the rate of its growth.
The sun God
Sequoia No. 2 was named Helios after the ancient sun God. This tree is just below Hyperion – 114,58 m. However, he has all the chances to soon overtake the giant, because Helios is growing much faster, adding a year, 4-5 cm, shortly the sizes of the two sequoias, may soon catch up, and then Helios can become a leader.
The tree is carefully guarded from excessive curiosity. To passers-by did not violate the ecological balance of these places, to Helios no tour routes and trails found. Walk through the national Park, tourists sometimes hesitant, but the Rangers are in no hurry to tell them «that tree». To distinguish the same on the eye is not so easy because of the huge Redwood trees in those places a lot, and not everyone will be able to determine which one is above all.
Heading into the sky
Another giant Sequoia of Redwood Park called Icarus. She really risking to burn its crown in the sun because it has already reached heights in 113,14 m, and its growth has not stopped.
The area where it grows Icarus, is very favorable for redwoods. The mountain range protects the valley from the wind, there are often fogs (it promotes the growth of giants) and nevertheless enough of the sun. For the benefit of the trees is and reserve status, which protects them from the insatiable appetites of the «business people». And there are a lot of trees, which by its dimensions is literally «on the heels» leaders. Some of them until recently (until he was carried out further research and more accurate measurement) are generally considered the highest in the world.
In the US there are other national parks where there are coniferous giants. One such tree (Mendocino, including for the National geographic society) has long been considered the highest in the world.
Not height, but length
Title giants of the sequoias and eucalyptus trees challenge tree climbers. Their homeland – the tropics. Trying to get to the sun from the thick undergrowth of the rainforest, vines twine around trunks of other trees, and often even moving from one trunk to another. As a result, they can reach 300 meters or more in length. Measure one of the rattan winds palm trees, the result showed 320 m. Rattan grow in Indonesia, Malaysia, South-East Asia.
Not only up
The size of the trunk and crown of the tree is obvious, and measuring them precisely is not too difficult. But the tree is also the lower component roots. And they also sometimes differ Titanic size. This is especially characteristic of trees that grow in arid areas. An example would be the figs from the dry areas of Africa.
The trees there are all, without exception, have an impressive root system, otherwise you don’t get deficient in these areas water. But the record results achieved very modest-looking tree. Crown it rose to almost 7 m, but the roots go into the depth of 120 m. this Fig Grows in the Transvaal, near the Echo caves.
General among the trees
Determining the largest tree on the planet, the scientists took into account not only the height but also the diameter of the crown and trunk. According to these indicators, the absolute leadership got the instance from the mountains of the Sierra Nevada (USA). There is a national Park of trees-giants, which is called «Sequoia».
Its height is about 83 m, crown has a circumference of 33 m and the barrel is 24 m. Called the giant General Sherman in honor of the talented commander of the Union army during the war for the abolition of slavery. This tree is officially the largest on Earth. It is the same – generally the largest of the known sentient beings.
The General has his army. John Muir explored these places in the mid-nineteenth century, under the growing impression here of sequoias called the Giant forest area. For the main part of the national Park entrenched is the name, and General Sherman is surrounded by a very worthy «officers» and «NCOs».
Prior to Sequoia, there is a tourist route and even laid convenient path made of bricks. However, it ends where it begins, the root system of the giant. Thanks to her see the wonder of nature and those whose physical capabilities are limited. Tourists love to be photographed on the background of the huge trunk (and then the photos and it is difficult to discern!). The very same tree they usually perceive as a huge reddish «rock», because to see the crown difficult, despite its size.
General Sherman lives and grows. Every year it adds a trunk diameter of 1.5 cm According to the web site of the national Park, this means the increase in such amount of wood that would be enough for the construction of a house of 5-6 rooms.
For a long time, scientists believed that giant tree is one of the oldest on the planet, estimating his age at about 3,000 years plus. But recent studies have shown. These calculations were incorrect. General Sherman was quite young – he was some 2000 years! He still has yet to come…
In 2006, there was a big giant nuisance – broke off the biggest branch (more than 30 m long and 2 m in diameter). In the fall she made the bed broke the road and boom. But such a considerable loss to the crown is not deprived of General Sherman the biggest tree of the Earth.