The biggest rat in the world
Almost every major city has its own legend from the category of horror stories, which tells about the very large rats, zapolnaya underground sewer tunnels. Yet none of these stories was not confirmed. Of course, in basements and manholes meet these rodents, but they are not similar to large cats and not behave like rabid dogs. The biggest rat in the world can really shock size, but she lives not in the underground world of modern cities, and is found in New Guinea. Biologists were able to detect these rodents in the mountains, located on the island of Papua.
Rat, Bosavi is one of the largest rodents on the planet
Biologists who conducted research on the island of Papua, made an amazing discovery: they found in the local mountains rats whose length is the metre. Scientists had previously to deal with such large rodents, so discovered animals has generated huge interest worldwide.
As shown by further study, Papuan rats are found only in New Guinea. Rodents live in the crater of an extinct volcano, Bosavi. Animals have thick and dense fur that allows them to easily endure the harsh conditions of the local mountains. Weighing showed that weight of some individuals of this species reaches 1.5 kg. If you compare these rodents with their counterparts who live in cities, they will be 3 times larger in size and weight.
Scientists were very surprised by the behavior of rats, Bosavi. Of course, these large rodents was to be expected the aggressive reactions to the presence of humans, but the animals behaved differently:
- they didn’t run away from people, not having met them before and had no reason to be afraid;
- rats were allowed to explore itself, and to weigh;
- scientists easily establish contact with animals;
- no researcher was not injured during the study of rodents.
On the African continent living cane rats, which can impress with its large size. Meet rodents, body length exceeding 60 cm. These animals prefer to settle near water, whose shores are covered by dense thickets. Cane rats live in groups headed by a strong male. Rodents are active at night and hiding in burrows from predators. Their diet consists of plant foods. Cane rats are causing a lot of troubles to local farmers, destroying crops on the plantations.
A kangaroo rat
In Australia you can find quite a large kangaroo rats. The body of these rodents can reach a length of 55 cm, and a tail of 40 cm the Structure of the body, these rats resemble kangaroos: their hind legs are large and well developed, that enables animals to move by jumping. In rodents there are bags in which develop into embryos cubs. Rat kangaroos consume vegetarian food. They prefer to forage at night and during the day usually hide in burrows or grassy nests.
In the list of the largest rodents the space and bamboo rats. Adults of this species grow to a length of 48 cm, the Animals live in the southeastern regions of Asia. Bamboo rats equip for themselves nests in long burrows where they hide during the day. To build these underground labyrinths animal strong claws. At night, the rodents come to the surface to hunt for food. Bamboo rats eat only plant food.
Another kangaroo rat gets the fifth place in the list of the most similar large rodents. Potoroo can reach in size 41 see the Tail in these animals is increased to 32 cm Hind limb in rodents are more developed, allowing them to move around by jumping like a kangaroo. Animals are found in Australia. They help build for themselves nests in the steppe and wooded areas. Potoroo feed on plants, mushrooms and insects.
A big gray rat
Sixth place in the list of the largest rats goes to pasyukov. These animals are found on almost every continent. They grow to 40 cm, and the length of the tail may exceed 20 cm Grey rats feed on vegetable and animal food. In the summer they are often found in the wilderness, and in winter prefer to move closer to people’s homes. Rats often live in barns, where they can find enough food for the winter.
Seventh position in the ranking of the largest gets musky rat kangaroo. These rodents have a musky odor and a bag for the litter, in honor of what got its name. Animals grow in length up to 35 cm. They feed on plants and insects or worms. Musk kangaroo can easily move on land and climb trees. They prefer to live in the wild and arranged in nests close to water bodies.
In the list of the largest rats include representatives of the decorative kind of Standard. These animals can grow to a length of 30 cm, the Tail is 15-20 cm pet rodents are a little different from their wild relatives. They love to clean and spend a lot of time grooming themselves. Animals not sorted out grub. For them the treats are the products of grain crops, various fruits and vegetables. Will not give up decorative rat meat.
At the ninth position in the list of the largest are the Turkestan rat. These rodents, the body length of which can reach 23 cm, most commonly in Asia. Animals like to live in wooded areas where you can always eat nuts or seeds of apricots. With the onset of cold Turkestan rats are moving closer to the housing people.
The black rat
Black rat is a widespread species of rodents found across the planet. These animals can reach a length of 22 cm, due to which occupy tenth position in the list of the biggest rats in the world. The distinctive feature of these rodents is very long tail, which sometimes grows to 28 cm Black rats are more common in the southern regions, because much like the heat. They are in the wild equip for themselves nests in the trees. The diet of these rodents consists mainly of fruits and seeds of plants.