The biggest mushroom in the world
From time to time in the media there is information that was discovered the biggest mushroom in the world new record among similar creatures. According to biologists, the huge parameters of the new finds is a natural phenomenon and not a sign of any abnormalities. These representatives of a special life-forms that combine features inherent to plants and animals, can grow to enormous size if they are to create favorable conditions.
Scientists find strange the fact that many of the detected fungi giants are edible. It is striking that these giants were able to survive and grow to an impressive size, despite the efforts of many forest animals love to eat fresh mushrooms.
Armillaria ostoyae – the champion of mushrooms
In the Oregon forests located in the US, biologists were able to detect the fungus, striking with its size. However, the ground part of this record may not surprise Armillaria ostoyae fits in your palm. We these mushrooms are known as honey mushrooms. The real surprise to scientists was the size of a mushroom, which impresses with its parameters:
- the area occupied by the roots of the mushroom, is equal to 880 Hectares;
- the mycelium can cover about 1,665 football fields;
- the age of formation of the root system of the fungus – 2500 years;
- the estimated weight of mycelium than 600 kg.
Scientists after research found that the discovered Armillaria ostoyae is not only the largest among the other fungi, but also the biggest living thing on the planet. Even the roots of some ancient trees were destroyed by the mycelium of this giant.
In 2010, China managed to find a huge tree fungus Phellinus ellipsoideus. In about 20 years, he managed to reach a height of 10,85 m Width of the cap it reaches 88 see, Scientists were able to discover in the course of studying various tree fungi on Hainan island. The giant grew under the ground, and not allowed to detect it early. According to estimates of biologists, the weight of Phellinus ellipsoideus reaches 500 kg.
In 2005, the Mexican biologist in the U.S. were found macrocybe the fungus that was growing among the coffee trees and weighed 28 kg. after 2 years on a coffee plantation in Mexico was discovered another macrocybe impressive size. The giant, found in 2007, towered above the ground on 70 cm the weight is 20 kg. Now scientists are trying to establish, not producing coffee trees positive effect on fungi that promotes their rapid growth.
Raincoat from Canada
Christian Tanner found in the forest raincoat, which was struck by its size. This fungus has been found in Canada. In this country first met rain weighing 26 kg It was discovered by accident, and immediately appeared on the pages of Newspapers. Thanks hidden from the eye place and favorable weather conditions the fungus could reach colossal proportions.
A mysterious mushroom
Biologists still can’t identify the fungal species found in the province of Yunnan. This amazing creature had one leg and a lot of small hats that are merged into a single top. The diameter of this unusual hats reached 1 m. Micromycet weighed 15 kg.
This giant was discovered in the Italian province of Barium. The inhabitant of one of settlements near the house came across a huge mushroom. The weight of the findings reached 14 kg. closer inspection showed that this giant is quite edible. Pecheritsa was delivered a successful mushroom home and cooked. Meals out of it enough to make a small feast for the inhabitants of the house and their neighbors.
Raincoat from Russia
Even one of the Champions was a huge rain weighing 12 kg. the giant fungus was found in the Perm region. But, according to biologists, in Russia there are more major raincoats. According to unconfirmed reports, was discovered micromycetes, weighing up to 20 kg. was Found fungus was taken to Perm state University to study.
A place of honor among the largest of the mushrooms and gets the tinder lacquered. To identify the giant managed the inhabitants of a small Chinese town, Hajo. The Chinese call this mushroom is Lingzhi. It over 2000 years are used in traditional medicine for preparation of curative drugs. Weight findings was 7.5 kg, and the diameter of this giant reached 107 see
Russia has identified another mushroom of impressive dimensions. A huge boletus was found by a resident of the Tomsk region. Hat discovered giant in diameter was 36 cm, the Stem of the mushroom towered above the ground on 28 see the Mushroom was edible and not damaged by worms. Weighing showed that the giant weighs 2.4 kg.
Raincoat from England
After the rainy season a young girl from England was able to detect a huge raincoat. The diameter of the giant was equal to 46 cm, and its weight was 2 kg. For rainy England, these huge mushrooms are not uncommon. However, they rarely grow to such a size. Most often they eat forest animals, or they fall in baskets of the mushroom pickers.