The biggest lizard in the world

It turns out that in our time you can meet up with the dragon. So the inhabitants of the island of Komodo (Indonesia), called the Komodo dragon, the largest lizard in the world. It is not only the huge size of the lizard, but a fierce predator that strikes fear into the islanders – the dragon may attack not only on livestock but also on people, especially vulnerable children, who sit or lie on the ground.

Komodo dragon

Of the history

The biggest lizard in the world were first discovered by scientists in the early 20th century – descriptions of the dragon date back to 1912. It was at this time the Komodo dragon was found on the island of Komodo. In fact, according to place of residence lizard and was named Komodo. Scientists have put forward the theory that many thousands of years ago, the Komodo dragon lived in Australia and then moved to the Islands nearby. Today the dragon can be seen not only on the island of Komodo, but also on some of the Islands: Flores, ridge, Padar, Rinca. The number in the period of the discovery of this species of lizard was small, but today, it only decreases. Therefore, because of the threat of extinction currently Komodo heavily protected and listed in the Red book.

Description Komodo dragon

Komodo dragon - the largest lizard

Adult monitor lizards can grow more than 3 meters long and their weight can be up to 160 kg. However, such large individuals are not as common, as a rule, the length of these largest lizards in the world is 2 meters. Due to the huge size of the Komodo dragons, they have almost no enemies, but this applies to adult lizards and small lizards become food for birds of prey, snakes and even their relatives. Like any lizard Komodo dragon have a long tail. Painting their skin dark with small spots, but young has a lighter color. These giant lizards have powerful jaws and very sharp teeth, because they are predators.

A huge toothy jaws of a Komodo dragon

Only one huge head and the incredible size of the toothy mouth, from which protrude two long tongue, able to defeat any man in indescribable horror. Seeing this animal, you can imagine yourself in a completely different era when such creatures was a huge amount. It is striking that in our time the Komodo dragon has preserved its appearance almost unchanged.

Distinctive features of the Komodo dragon

The biggest lizard in the world, despite the impressive size, can run very quickly, however, at a small distance. Besides, she can swim and can even swim across to the island that is next door. The Komodo dragon can get food from the trees, while stands on his hind legs. Young individuals very well and climb trees and spend a large amount of time. So young lizards escape from predators that can attack them.

The Komodo dragon is a good swimmer

Komodo have excellent hearing, keen eyesight, but the main sense they have is smell. The dragons have two glands of poisonous and deadly saliva, with which they kill their victims and produce their own food.

Lifestyle

Komodo dragon at night, hiding in burrows, which are doing yourself. They go out to hunt early in the morning. During the day they hide from the rays of the sun. They represent the cold-blooded creatures, so can not tolerate sudden temperature fluctuations. As a rule, Komodo giant lizards are loners. They live in groups only during the breeding season.

As the hunt and what to eat?

Eat Komodo and small and large animals (including Pets), mainly eat carrion. Also dragons, well knowing how to climb trees, and steal birds ‘ eggs. Adults in a year of famine even eat their younger relatives. Due to their sharp sense of smell these lizards are able to smell blood at a distance of 5 km

Komodo dragon hunting

As a rule, monitor lizards prey on large prey from ambush. Attacking him, they bite animal and follow her, waiting for her death. And monitor lizard more help not poisonous glands, as previously thought, and saliva that contains a large number of pathogenic bacteria. These are the bacteria getting into the blood of the victim, lead to its inevitable death. The victim of the lizard loses consciousness and then dies.

Varan instead of the injection of the poison in one stroke rubs it into the wound of the victim. This method of hunting has helped the lizards to exist for many thousands of years. With bifurcated tongue Komodo dragon from afar can feel the smell of carrion and soon hastens to the feast, which is attended by other relatives of his. And eating poisoned his own saliva meat did not hurt, because the lizards have excellent immunity. And emitted from the decomposition of carcasses secreted substances only enrich the mouth of a giant lizard a new bacterial lethality.

Danger to humans

Komodo dragon attacks people

There were times when Komodo dragon attack humans. Animal bite are very dangerous to humans, so begins an inflammatory process influence of pathogenic bacteria. Especially monitor lizards can attack small children. However, it is believed that it is only when they confuse their familiar food. However, after a bite of this huge lizard it is important to immediately seek medical assistance when death is 99 percent.

Suffer from Komodo dragons not only live people, but dead – dragons dig up the buried corpses and eat them. Therefore, today the dead are buried under cast cement slabs.

Offspring

Hatched z aiza of detina komodskih lizard

Males lizards every year fighting for his mate. The lizard, who won, gets the female, which will then lay 20 eggs. Within eight months, she will ensure that the eggs weren’t eaten, but are hatched the young lizards will be deprived of maternal care. They have to worry about their safety, so they often hide in trees or in shelters. Often they are hiding from members of their own species, not to shun youngsters in the quality of their food.

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