Smallest town in the world
The concept of the city in our minds clearly associated with wide streets, lots of houses and administrative buildings, bustling, hurrying residents, etc. not without Reason the city is often called the concrete jungle. But not all of them correspond to this name. The smallest city time smaller than the one at the village. Let’s get acquainted with these unique places of our planet.
Smallest town in the world, which got into the Guinness book of world records for its size, is hiding in Croatia. It can be found a few kilometers from Buzet in Central Istria. The population of the town barely hold up to twenty people. In this group of people has its own mayor, a doctor, a servant of order, fire and judge. Despite its size, the Hum is the center of tourism in Croatia. In hum, only two roads, one of them always goes up (the town itself is situated at an altitude of more than three hundred meters). Previously, the town looked different, its appearance has changed in the eleventh century. At that time, there is only one built a number of houses. Now the Hum can boast their own restaurant, two churches, a store and, of course, a cemetery. As in other towns, the locals closely guard their traditions. For example, the annual ceremony of selecting the mayor is quite remarkable. It is called «the election of the fool» as among residents is rare to find people willing to take such an important post for an equally venerable age.
The smallest city-state is, as you know, in Rome. Despite its very small territory (0,4 square kilometers), the Vatican is quite a significant state on the international level. Here annually attracts pilgrims and travelers from all over the world. Here is the residence of the Pope, and the administration of the Catholics. The Vatican is hiding behind walls, built in the middle Ages and protected the city from all sorts of attacks.
In this city-state is something to admire tourist. Different churches, many museums and palaces – all this pleases the eye. And Vatican gardens deserved fame as the most remarkable in the world, although is a tiny area. To keep them in such good condition, you only need to work twenty working. The Central part of the gardens features a fountain of the Galleon, is a mini version of the eponymous ship.
Walk around the perimeter of the glorious city will take more than an hour of time. State border stretches for three kilometers. But there are many buildings that are inaccessible to tourists.
Every traveler who visited the Vatican considers it his duty to visit the Historical Museum, which houses an extensive collection of weapons including antique swords and muskets. You must visit the Cathedral of St. Peter, which is characterized by its impressive size that it easily «hide» any Church of Europe. Here you can enjoy the art created by Michelangelo and Raphael. Under the dome of the Cathedral, which is open to anyone, there are two processes: the stairs and Elevator. Even walking up the stairs (it takes about 30 minutes), you can have a great time, and in the end enjoy the panorama of Vatican and Rome.
Directly in front of the Cathedral stretches of the eponymous oval area in the center of which stands the obelisk. He came here in the first century thanks to Gaius Julius Caesar. Later the square is decorated with fountains. It is here, in these places, accepted a Martyr’s death the Apostle Peter.
The smallest city in England
One of the small and cosy towns of England called wells, which got its name from the mineral springs. Today the three of them, and you can find them in the Bishop’s Palace and Market place. Is a town in Somerset County, in the district of Mendip. It’s almost the tiny settlement was granted city status. With a population of about 11 thousand inhabitants. The town of wells was due to Elizabeth II, who «gave» him this status at the end of the last century.
In wells there are three main streets where you can find shops, restaurants and hotels. In the center of town is the Gothic Cathedral, which attracts hundreds of tourists. It was built in the XII century, before it is also adorned Cathedral, built in the first century. A special attraction of the wells is the Bishop’s Palace, protected by a deep ditch with water. It is the seat of the Bishop of wells and Bath. The Palace is partially open to visitors, who can stroll in the garden and admire the two sources.
The smallest city in Russia
According to Wikipedia, this status was the capital of Ingushetia, Magas, has only 271 residents. But, it turns out that these data are already outdated, and Magas is home to more than 2.5 thousand people. Currently, the most small town of our country can be called Chekalin, Tula oblast. Its population according to the latest data does not even reach thousands of residents.
It is difficult to say what is so small town that can be crossed up and down for half an hour, called the city. Yes, and special attractions in it. The Central square, the monument to the hero of Soviet Union Alexander Chekalin, Vvedensky temple, Museum name, Chekalin – here, perhaps, and all the memorable places.
When the town had a different name (Likhvin) and consisted of fortifications on the border of the Russian Federation. According to historians, the name he gave the Tartars and pointed to the fortitude and heroism of the local population. The first mention of the settlement dates back to the XVI century. Over the years, the fortress has «grown up» small town with a Marina where there are several churches, cathedrals, as well as four factory. Two of them existed after the great Patriotic War, but they were soon closed.
Chekalin young population in search of work and a better life went to the big city, so there is commonly found the elderly. But Chekalin in some extent attracts immigrants from neighboring countries.