Sights Of Nizhny Novgorod
Sights of Nizhny Novgorod on the map
One of the oldest cities of the Russian Federation is Nizhny Novgorod, the sights of this historic site presents the museums and churches, art galleries and theatres, monuments and architectural structures. Each of tourists visiting Nizhny Novgorod, will be able to choose the most interesting places, help to reveal the image of this city.
Pechersky ascension monastery
The beginning of the history of this temple reaches the 14th century. To this day, he is one of the largest spiritual and cultural monuments, not only in the Volga region, but throughout Russia. The founder of the monastery is the Metropolitan of Kiev Dionysius, who began his Ministry in the Kyiv-Pechersk Lavra, where he accepted monastic tonsure. Dionysius was born in 1300, 1330 moved to the neighborhood of Nizhniy Novgorod, where he settled near the Novgorod Kremlin.
Later, around the cave of the monk began to settle devotees, and it was decided on the construction of the monastery. This monastery enjoyed the special favor of Ivan the terrible, and Dionysius gained credibility and respect of the entire Church fraternity for their sincere dedication and firm faith.
With the advent of Soviet power the monastery was closed for worship, on its territory there are secular institutions. Re-opened its doors to the parishioners of the ascension Pechersky monastery in the mid-90s of the last century after the restoration work.
This Museum is named in honor of the classic of Soviet literature Maxim Gorky. Within its walls gathered the most comprehensive and rich collection from which to study the writer’s life. The first visitors to the Museum of Literature adopted in 1928, its opening was timed to the 60th anniversary of Gorky.
There is also a collection of manuscripts and books, a famous Nizhny Novgorod writers and poets, they can be used to study the structure and life of the people of Novgorod of the 19th century. The Museum features a permanent exhibition that gives an idea of the life of St. Seraphim of Sarov.
The whole situation of the working office of A. M. Gorky was donated to the Museum the first wife of the writer, Th. P. Peshkova. Among the most important exhibits – the piano, which was performed a favorite writer – «Appassionata» by L. van Beethoven.
Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin
The most famous and visited attraction of the city is Novgorod Kremlin. Its construction began in the early 16th century. At first it was a fortress that was supposed to protect the citizens from the raids of the Tatars, over time it has grown to the size of a small town. Wall consists of 13 towers. After the Kremlin lost its military purpose, settled here and the city officials In the Kremlin there are different cafes and restaurants, Philharmonic hall, the Prosecutor’s office and municipal court, as well as the eternal flame and walk of love.
According to some legends in the basement of the Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin is still preserved by the library of Ivan the terrible, which he inherited from his grandmother visentini Sophia Paleologue.
In 1943, construction began on this large-scale facility. Chkalov staircase was created to commemorate the victory of the Soviet troops in the battle of Stalingrad. It was decided to name it after the famous Soviet pilot Valery Chkalov, who made the first flight over the North pole in 1937.
The ladder consists of more than 500 steps, there are two viewpoints. On the top there is a monument to the pilot-hero, and is set at the foot of the boat «Hero», who took part in the battle of Stalingrad. The size and grandeur of this ladder are so large that it can be seen even from the opposite Bank of the Volga.
Nizhny Novgorod drama theater. A. M. Gorky
Lovers of theater awaits within its walls one of the oldest theatres of Russia. History of the Nizhny Novgorod drama theatre has more than 200 years. It owes its origin to the Prince Sarovskomu, who, after moving to Nizhny Novgorod opened a public theatre, where he played his serfs. The first performance was «Election for Governor» based on the works of D. I. Fonvizin.
In the repertoire of modern theater can be seen as the classical ballet and innovative ideas of young authors. The troupe has participated in festivals held both in Russia and abroad. Game talented, exciting stories, colorful scenery will not leave indifferent even the most captious critic theatre.
The House Of Peter
Two-storey stone house with a huge basement almost in the centre of Nizhny Novgorod is famous for the fact that it has twice stayed the great king Peter. According to legend, the first time he visited Novgorod during the Azov campaign. And the second time staying at the merchant Catilina (which at that time belonged to the house) coming to pay tribute and to visit the grave of Kuzma Minin, the head of the local militia.
In Soviet times the building housed the society for the protection of monuments and cultural objects. The restoration of the House of Peter was carried out last time in the last century and today the building is in need of repair. The house of Peter added to the cultural heritage of Russia.
Museum of interactive science «Quarks»
This Museum is recommended visit for those tourists who are traveling with children. The concept of the Museum of physics is not inferior to the world famous institutions of such a plan. Since school physics program outlined dry bureaucratic language, children are not very fond of the subject. But visiting the Museum «Quarks» they will discover that science is on the other side.
Many physical phenomena (refraction, laws of acoustics and dynamics) are illustrated in the Museum with many exhibits. The exposition is divided into three zones. In the first (Blue) contains opening of the middle ages, the second (red) – opening recent history, and the third (Green) the latest discoveries of the last century.
In addition children can take part in science shows, which are regularly conducted by the Museum staff, and to turn from a viewer into a direct participant in scientific experiments, for example, to try to «tame» lightning.
The Museum’s «Locomotives Of Russia»
This outdoor Museum has collected in its exposition 14 different locomotives of different periods of history. The entrance to the containment area absolutely free, every exhibit has a plaque describing the history and technical characteristics. The entire territory of the Museum is equipped with comfortable paths, so you can walk around, moving from one exhibit to another.
Visitors to the Museum are allowed to be photographed against the background of these giants of the past and climb into the open cockpit. The whole territory is guarded by the staff, if you wish, you can use the services of a guide.
Bolshaya Pokrovskaya street
Today along this street, connecting the square of Minin and Pozharsky and the area Lyadova, can walk anyone. But not all tourists know that it was not always so. This street has become the main town in the late 18th century, and before the revolution it was possible to walk only to persons of noble state, a simple worker or peasant to this the entrance was closed.
The length of Bolshaya Pokrovskaya street more than 2.5 kilometers and most of it closed to traffic. So travelers can enjoy the beauty of the historical centre of Nizhny Novgorod, away from the noise of public transport. The name of the street was in honor of the Church of the Intercession of the Mother of God.
One of the largest architectural and spiritual complexes, which is rightly proud of Nizhny Novgorod. The sights of the city presents a huge number of temples, monasteries and churches. The complex is several buildings built in 17-19 centuries.
With the coming to power of the Bolsheviks, life in the convent was suspended, the building is a planetarium. In 1990, the monastery resumed worship. Today the traveler will offer to climb the bell tower, overlooking the surrounding area. But if you will be in the Annunciation monastery in the big Orthodox holiday, you are even allowed to ring the bells.
Nizhny Novgorod cable car
Nizhny Novgorod combines in his character of historic buildings and structures of ancient times and the latest technological devices that make life of citizens more comfortable. Such infrastructure can be attributed to the longest cable car in Europe.
«First flight» of this beloved residents public transport was launched in 2012, the cable car connects the village of Bor, which lies on the other Bank of the Volga river, with Novgorod. Designed to improve transport links, this property is and beautiful vacation spot for tourists. Along the way the guests of the city offers spectacular views of the surrounding area and attractions in Nizhny Novgorod.
The wildlife Nizhny Novgorod offers to visit the local Botanical garden. Despite his relatively young age (opened in 1933) he gathered in his collection of many different kinds of plants from all over the planet, walk in the greenhouses of the Botanical garden will be of interest not only to scientists and biologists, but also for the common traveler.
The origins of this garden owes a young scientist-enthusiast, Sergey Easel, which managed to convince the Academy of Sciences of the feasibility of opening an experimental Botanical garden. Every year the collection is updated with new samples imported by travelers from different climatic zones.
Zoo «Limpopo» Nizhny Novgorod
The story of the first private zoo of the Russian Federation is very touching. Mr Gerasichkin, the future Creator of the zoo, rescued from a pack of dogs near the owl cafe. And then the story evolved, as in the Russian folk tale about a mitten – one after the other in the owl added animals and after a while it became clear that you have to make an important decision. It should be noted that an animal lover, Vladimir, did not scared to make this big step. It was in 2007.
Today in the zoo in Nizhny Novgorod in spacious enclosures contains a variety of fauna from all corners of the globe. A special joy of the children gives a petting zoo where they can feed the animals, Pat, in General, socialize with our smaller brethren. So if you are traveling with children, Nizhny Novgorod zoo is the place that you must visit.
The Planetarium Of Nizhny Novgorod
There is in this city on the Volga and its planetarium, it’s possible that the sizes are a little more modest Metropolitan counterparts, but there is something to see. Opened in 1948, it was in the first building of the Orthodox Church. In 2005 the Church was given to parishioners and the planetarium moved to a new house, built in record time.
Here is a unique opportunity to learn the basics of astronomy, look through the telescope, the heavenly bodies and distant planets, and also on a special simulator to see the time of docking of the Soyuz spacecraft with the International space station. The exposition of the planetarium is divided into 5 spacious themed rooms. Also this structure is equipped with a special program Argus Planetarium, which can boast only the most famous planetariums in the world.
Nizhny Novgorod Opera and ballet theatre. A. S. Pushkin
This theatre can be called the center of musical life of the city. Since its opening in 1931 on his stage was set of the classics of Russian music and works by contemporary composers. Here began his career of the famous Director of the theater. Pokrovsky.
Playground theatre hosts the annual music festival «Boldin autumn», dedicated to the great Russian poet A. S. Pushkin. The theatre has included in its repertoire and special performances for young viewers who can watch in the daytime.
Circus In Nizhny Novgorod
The cultural life of the capital of the Volga region is diverse, for those who love the circus arts, lights fires Nizhny Novgorod circus. The Nikitin brothers became founders of the modern Nizhny Novgorod circus. It happened back in 1883.
After the reconstruction, which lasted quite a long time, the circus took its viewers in 2007. Today, 2 arena of the circus goes through many different programs that the artists put their hearts and souls. Also boasts a circus in Nizhny Novgorod and his circus Studio, which are open to talented young people. Management plans to create a Museum, which contains historical items related to the circus.
Nizhny Novgorod Exotarium
One of the most popular places in the city, both among residents and among visitors, is the local zoo, which assembled a remarkable collection of mammals from around the world. In 20 years of operation (opened ekzotarium in 1996) employees managed to collect a unique exhibition, where you could be proud of even the Metropolitan Museum of wildlife.
Dozens of species of lizards, iguanas, turtles, parrots and bats and other animals kept in conditions as close to their natural habitat. Employees of the zoo have been breeding animals, providing necessary veterinary care, in General, doing everything possible for expansion of their offspring.
Technical Museum (Nizhny Novgorod)
The city is represented in almost all spheres of human activity. Nizhni Novgorod Vyacheslav hurtin enthusiastically engaged in collecting an exhibit for the Museum of technology. It all began with the purchase on one of the local markets of the caliper «Bolshevik», which was made in Germany by order of the young Soviet government.
The Germans made a quality product, but the trouble is that we conceded a soft sign in the name of the tool. Leaders of the Soviet government, it was decided to get rid of the whole batch of defective goods, but here is one kind of managed to find Vyacheslav.
Since then he is busy looking for a variety of rare items for his Museum, his collection already includes over 2 000 valuable exhibits.
Nizhny Novgorod fair
The fair of Nizhny Novgorod for more than a century attracted traders from all over the world. To preserve the tradition and hospitality, which is famous Nizhny Novgorod merchants. With the coming to power of the Bolsheviks fair was closed and re-opened its doors in 1991. Now here is the exhibition center consisting of several buildings.
The traveler can get acquainted with the life and lives of people who lived in these areas, and just walk around the historic place.
«Switzerland» In Nizhny Novgorod
Park «Switzerland» is one of the most beautiful places in Nizhny Novgorod. Founded in the 19th century it has not lost its appeal. The idea to build a Park here belongs to the students of schools in the work they helped parents and teachers of educational institutions. In the Soviet period the Park was renamed and bore the name of Lenin Komsomol. But after the collapse of the state, the residents insisted on returning of the historical name of the Park.
One of the highlights of «Switzerland» is the underground catacombs, where themed quests that have become fashionable among young people. However, without an instructor to go down are not recommended. Also at the Park are many different attractions, so you won’t be bored.
The monument to the penny
Monuments set not only to people, but it turns out, and coins. One of the youngest attractions in Nizhny Novgorod is a memorial sign 5-copeck coin, it is located in Sormovo. The opening of such an unusual monument took place in 2007. He mounted the pavement on the street. Of the Comintern, and its diameter is about 1 meter. In appearance it is identical to the coin, which was released during the reign of Nicholas II. The locals believe that every date is successful, if the meeting is scheduled near the monument. It should be noted that such monuments installed in Moscow and St. Petersburg.
Museum of the history of the GLD
This Museum opened its doors recently, in 2014. The exposition is located on the second floor of the Engineering center. All exhibits in the museums connected with the history of the discovery of the Gorky railway, the life of railroad workers of the mid-20th century. There are also special themed exhibits, which tell about the functioning of Gorky during the great Patriotic war, many of the models were created specially for the opening day of this Museum. Here you can watch which way the evolution of the locomotives have been for almost a hundred years how varied their equipment, appearance, etc.
So many important historical buildings, boasts not every city. On the territory of Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin, Dmitrievskaya tower is located, which is considered to be the unofficial symbol of the city. This is the main gate tower of the Kremlin, which overlooks the square named after Minin and Pozharsky. The first mention of this structure refer to the beginning of the 17th century. For many years it served as a defensive function, in Soviet times was under threat of demolition. Today Dmitry tower in need of restoration, as the Kremlin of Nizhny Novgorod.
Russian Museum of photography
On the initiative of concerned residents to the building where lived and worked famous photographers of the last century, was organized in 1992, the Museum of photography. Within these walls was created the first black-and-white images by local talent – M. Dmitriev and A. Karelin. The exposition tells about the history of photography, the life and work of Nizhny Novgorod photographers. Here you can see the first tripods and cameras, thanks to which was created the first images. It hosts exhibitions by local and international photographers of our time.
Valery Chkalov Monument
Another landmark of the city, pays homage to the brave Soviet pilot, Valery Chkalov monument. It is located close to Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin. It was opened in 1940, in commemoration of the second anniversary of the death of a test pilot. Its author was one Chkalov, V. Mendelevich, which for this work was awarded the Stalin prize. On the pedestal in addition to dates of life and death, inflicted as the card with the route, which was made the famous flight over the North pole to America.
Cathedral Church of the blessed virgin among the inhabitants of the city better known as Christmas or Stroganov. In the late 17th – early 18th century the merchant Grigory Stroganov own funds started construction of this temple. But to visit the Church he was not destined, 17001 year when she was almost ready to open, there was a big fire that severely damaged the building. To rebuild the temple after the fire had been the wife of a merchant – Maria, and finally, in 1719 the Church was consecrated and began to place worship. Like many churches and temples in the Soviet period, the Church of the Nativity was under threat of destruction. And only thanks to Wasowo Sergius, the Abbot of the temple, managed to preserve this architectural monument.
Of Kashirin House
This house described in the novel by Gorky «Childhood» and is now a Museum dedicated to the writer’s childhood. This house belonged to the grandfather of Maxim Gorky, where he spent his childhood years. The Museum presents objects of everyday life of petty bourgeoisie of the time, there are garments and furniture. The Museum was opened in 1938 on the initiative of F. P. Khitrovskaya. In this house we have preserved the atmosphere of the time, interior and unique pieces belonging to the family kashirinyh.
Museum of physics
The exposition of this particular Museum is located on the first floor of the University. N. And Lobachevsky. Here are the appliances which modern students can learn only from books of the last century. Visited the exhibition, like, goes in time machine to the past, when there were no modern gadgets and computers. Very useful and interesting visit to this Museum to those interested in the radio technique, after all, collected the most first devices, with which begins the development of this science.
This square-shaped tower is also included in the complex of the Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin. Its location in a place where a lot of groundwater coming to the surface, led to the fact that the tower was almost completely destroyed by landslides. Complete renovation of this building was able to hold in 2012. On the third floor of the tower houses the exhibition «the Militia of 1612», talks about a disturbing time when the city were almost all the inhabitants. There is also an observation deck with a telescope, with a breathtaking view of the entire territory of the Kremlin.
The house-Museum of N. A. Dobrolyubov
To the 750th anniversary of Nizhny Novgorod was opened the literary-memorial Museum dedicated to the life and work of the great Russian writer, poet and journalist Nikolai Alexandrovich Dobrolyubov. The first visitors were able to see a unique exhibition in 1971. Here are the things, documents, personal belongings of the writer, passed to his relatives. It is in this manor were children and youth year, N. A. Dobrolyubov. Today, there are literary meetings, theatre performances and other cultural events in the city.
The list of sights of Nizhny Novgorod is far from complete, it reflects the most important places in the city. I want to believe that the person, who is in this beautiful city, to visit at least some of them.
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