School uniforms: yesterday, today, tomorrow
The feasibility of school uniforms is now a discussion topic. Many teachers and parents strongly support this idea. Almost as many strongly opposed. Although it appeared sewing firms and shops specializing in the production of forms, most schools are administered only restricts what the dress code, like «white top – black bottom», and trying to deal with too explicit or sports clothes.
But it was not always so. From school uniform in Russia is quite rich and very interesting history.
The military uniform and military discipline
For the first time students dressed in a uniform pattern in 1834. Emperor Nicholas I was a fan of the military, and introduced similar to the uniform clothing for students and high school students. The idea was borrowed from England, where the students wore uniforms from the end of the middle ages (and continue to wear now, and regulated even the kind of shoes and socks).
Requirements for the wearing of uniforms in the nineteenth century were very strict, the students were obliged to go to her all the time, even outside of the institution. Form had the distinctive details that show what the institution enrolls a student. Of course, the Nikolaev shape was intended only for boys, because women’s educational institutions in the country.
At the end of XIX century there was a girls ‘ school, and in 1896 opened the Smolny Institute for the education of girls from noble families. Then you had the school uniform for girls. It was well-known simply solid dress with apron and white collar and cuffs. In Smolny they differed in color for different age groups.
It is noteworthy that the century wore with pride, because to study at school or University was very prestigious, the form indicated the high status and good prospects of its owner.
Revolutionary breaking stereotypes
After the revolution, a mandatory form has been abolished as a «bourgeois relic». But the real reason was the shortage of funds, the parents couldn’t afford to buy the children special clothes for school.
Only in 1949 form in Soviet schools has again become mandatory (and the style look a lot like pre-revolutionary). This time in the course was the idea of equality: all students looked the same. Addition to forms served different attributes: oktyabryatskoy stars, pioneer ties, Komsomol badges. In different republics of the Soviet Union form could be slightly different. It abolished the compulsory wearing in 1992.
In England, as already mentioned, there are strict requirements for school clothes. And here in America in public institutions – a full democracy, the students go to with anything. But the elite schools and colleges usually require a form. However, each institution is its own, single sample no.
In Japan, discipline is of great importance, and children here wear uniforms. And it is a masterpiece of high technology, it mounted transmitters, which allows parents to monitor the whereabouts of children, and children to send, if necessary, alarm.
And in the Central African Republic in 1966, requirements for wearing of uniforms led to the revolution. Dictator. . Bokassa declared himself Emperor and ordered that all schoolchildren wore uniforms that were sewn in the factory owned by him. The result was the rebellion and the restoration of the Republic.