Most polluted cities of Russia
Gone are the days when people were afraid of nature. Nature has long been afraid of man, and he, in turn, products of skillfully poisons all life around. Most polluted cities of Russia are the real proof of how over the decades to ruin the ecology of the place where you live. On the website of the Ministry of natural resources of the Russian Federation every year you can see the list of cities for the criterion «pollution», but without taking into account water and soil, as around the world.
The settlement, which produces half of the world palladium — record holder in the ranking of the most polluted cities of Russia for several years. 177 thousand working population experiencing 2% of global emissions, including copper, phenols, and oxides of Nickel.
The city is completely dependent on the prevailing winds — GMK «Norilsk Nickel» is making a suitable flavor from the South, and copper — on the North side of the plant concerned. The atmosphere gets sulphur dioxide (2 million tons per year), and then returns as precipitation and the area of acid rain is a modern Germany.
When there is no wind the residents feel a sore throat, which disappears upon disposal outside the city. The authorities themselves recognize that there is no independent environmental oversight, and businesses more profitable to pay fines than to invest in environmental protection and modernization of production.
Dalnegorsk and Rudnaya Pristan’
Town and village in the far East, which suffer from lead poisoning since the 1930s when it was built the smelter in the Ore Jetty. The metal itself is mined in Dalnegorsk, located 29 kilometers from the village.
Method of processing concentrate in the steel plant influences all life in the area and therefore this place is considered one of the most polluted on the planet. But if you consider that strong winds typical of sea coast, blowing around 6 months, it becomes clear why the children of the Ore dock lead content in the blood is exceeded by 2-4 times. The danger is that it accumulates in the body and causes damage to the nervous system and mental disorders, including the loss of social adaptation.
The degree of contamination very high capital — to-air poisoning every year a million tons of harmful substances, the bulk of which (93%) is via car exhaust. And this is not surprising because a high standard of living allows you to have multiple cars in the family.
As a consolation to Muscovites it should be noted that the bulk of all emissions is nitrogen dioxide, which is less toxic than industrial sulfur dioxide.
Moscow-the largest metropolis, exerts its harmful influence and outside the city — air pollution is spreading to 100 km, the inhibition of green space up to 30 km away. All life on the distance up to 250 meters from major highways is experiencing the strongest impact from the exhaust of cars.
Despite the fact that 30% of the city’s green spaces, due to the high content of nitrogen oxide happening the mass growth on the trees of green algae that leads to their death.
With the decline of production after 90 years, the air in the city became less polluting industry, and more transport. Health standards in St. Petersburg monitors 21 stations of air monitoring, and cultural capital and 5 million of its inhabitants on the same notorious cars (92%) poison the atmosphere half a million tons of harmful substances.
The most significant concentrations of benzene were observed in the center, on Vasilevsky island, Krasnoselsky and Kalininsky districts. The danger of emissions from cars (benzopyrene is the strongest carcinogen) that they occur in the vicinity of the sidewalk, and thus pedestrian, affecting the lungs.
In addition to the problem of overpopulation is a greater threat and a high level of noise in the city (5th largest in the world). The decibel level in Saint-Petersburg celebrate 60 dB, and 80 is considered hazardous to health. Also, no beach in the city does not meet the standards, as in the river waste is drained of hundreds of industrial enterprises.
The centre of ferrous metallurgy and the chemical industry is the second largest metallurgical plant in Russia. He throws in the ozone layer 364 tons of toxic substances, with the addition of waste products of the two chemical giants producing phosphate-based fertilizers «ammophos» and «Nitrogen».
Industrial zone here in size almost equal to the residential sector consists of 20 large enterprises. And toxic substances from plants spread up to 7 km, capturing almost the entire area of the city and affect mainly the respiratory system.
In a small town there is an enterprise on extraction and processing of this natural fossil, and the quarry exceeds the size of the city. If we add factories for the production of silica brick, it will make 330 thousand tons of harmful substances into the atmosphere.
And the load goes to carcinogenic asbestos dust with the first danger level, the particulates which are dangerous even in the process of using products from it, destroying the lungs and causing cancer. Now in the world try not to use this material in the construction, replacing it with a more eco-friendly.
The largest center of the chemical industry that emits toxic substances such as phenol, nitrogen oxides, formaldehyde and benzopyrene. During the cold war it was a center for the production of chemical weapons and highly toxic nuclear fuel, and for the past 5 years, the situation has only worsened — the average life expectancy of citizens less than 45 years.
All harmful emissions are quite capable of reaching Nizhniy Novgorod regional center with a population of over a million people. In Dzerzhinsk is still not resolved the issue of waste management, significantly limiting further investment, and hence the development of the settlement. At the opening of any new production, the entrepreneur will be faced with the problem of «what to do with chemical waste?».
Any industrial city can boast high salaries of the residents, infrastructure and a decent standard of living. But to pay for these benefits have hour traffic jams and, most importantly, tons of harmful substances, all kinds wind up in the human body. Already on 15% of territory of the Russian Federation, environmental quality is considered unsatisfactory and, if you do not start hard to take care of environmental safety – one of the most polluted cities of Russia will increase exponentially.