History and interesting facts about buses
Every day, hundreds of thousands of people around the world use the services of probably the most common and valuable form of public transport – buses. It has become an integral and necessary part of our daily lives, and all are well aware of the advantages and disadvantages of buses. But behind the veil of everyday life few people interested in the historical details of the emergence and development of this important mode of transport, and to learn about them is definitely too much!
How it all began…
The first mechanism is the prototype of what was later called the bus, created in 1801, British inventor and a pioneer Richard Trevithick. At Christmas of that year, the streets Camborne (Cornwall) for the amusement of an admiring crowd drove unprecedented machine steam engine that could fit in the cabin up to 8 passengers. Behind the vehicle on the step stood a fireman who constantly added to the coal in the furnace. New miracle of technology, groaned, huffed and puffed, throwing in the air the dense black smoke, but steadily acquired a right to life.
By 1829 the bus (then this vehicle has already got its name) have evolved considerably both in appearance and functionality: now people’s eyes appeared as «the ugly duckling» and growing beautiful Swan capable of carrying up to 30 passengers and develop a speed, unattainable by any one existing at the time of transport.
The rapid widespread introduction of electricity in the late nineteenth century allowed the bus to leave on qualitatively new level of evolution. Instead of a steam engine has the ability to use electric, and in 1886 the open spaces of London went and updated overprocessing form of public transport.
Not avoided by rapid technological change and the Russian Empire. In 1901 the Moscow machine-building plant «Dux» built and presented to the country’s first electric buses. They were able to accommodate up to 10 people, and maximum speed was 20 km/hour.
The twentieth century: the peak of development
Such a weighty word in the process of establishing a new form of transport uttered the acknowledged masters of engineering – the Germans: in 1896 the plant «Benz» showed the world the first bus with an internal combustion engine on gasoline. Outwardly, he was more like an enlarged carriage cab, seated in the cabin 8 passengers and accelerated to 13 km/h. However, at first this know-how was shuttled between several small German towns on short road.
In tsarist Russia the bus with the internal combustion engine came through 7 years. The Petersburg factory «the milling cutter» in 1903, constructed even more progressive instance, than German. It could accommodate 10 people and reach 16 km/h, but had a significant drawback: the cabin open. So in bad weather or trips were canceled or were extremely unpleasant for the driver and passengers.
The bus had not yet carried global significance in the role of public transport, but a gradual increase in the level of technical capacity and comfort could not give his main task is to routinely carry back and forth flows of people. On 12 April 1903 in London hosted the first ever flight of the bus as public transport. In Russia, this fateful event occurred later.
In the summer of 1907 to Arkhangelsk from Germany were delivered the bus brand «NAG» with a capacity of 26 people, which immediately got huge demand and greatly facilitated getting around the city. Until November of the same year, passenger buses appeared in the capital — St. Petersburg, and in August, 1908. came to Moscow. But steadily improved movement here only after the revolution and gaining of Moscow’s status as the capital of the USSR. In 1924 he organized the first regular bus route between the Tver Outpost and Kalanchevskaya square.
Since then, the bus is constantly changing. Its capacity was 50, 100, 200 people. We are now building a special vehicle to deliver people to the airports, guided tours, bus tours between the two countries. Some of them reach 40 feet in length and can accommodate up to 500 passengers!
At the present time we can only sympathize with those unfortunate that more than 100 years ago was riding in an open cockpit under a nasty rain and snow. Now it is seen as a joke, because modern buses offer large range of services for the travel period here and TV, and toilet, and Wi-fi, so passengers can’t complain about the comfort level. And there is no reason to believe that the bus will stop in its development or will lose popularity.