Concussion: causes, symptoms and treatments
A concussion is damage to the soft tissues of the brain and the violation of their functional characteristics. The cause of a concussion can be a different factors: from road accident to personal injury.
Symptoms of head injury
The main symptoms manifested immediately after a blow or fall, include:
- shortness of breath;
- clouding of consciousness;
- the change in heart rate.
These symptoms are quite short. They can go unnoticed for a short period of time. But the head injury they can come other symptoms.
- headache and dizziness;
- hyperemia of the skin of the person;
- General weakening of the body;
- ringing in the ears and divergence of the eye;
- irresistible desire to sleep;
- poor appetite and increased nervousness.
In accordance with the state of Affairs overall health and body functions can be restored within one or two weeks. As for the headache, it has a ripple look.
It should be noted that well-being after a head injury, in General, directly associated with the age of the injured. Thus, newborns or toddlers up to three years is not apparent clouding of consciousness. But this age is characterized by such symptoms as tachycardia, pallor, lethargy, and drowsiness. Within two to three days after the feedings may be regurgitation, vomiting, and sleep disturbance. Without fainting concussion can carry and the elderly, which is more typical disorientation in space and time.
In case of medium and severe forms of concussions can be observed prolonged loss of consciousness and as a result-loss of memory that deals with events before the injury and immediately thereafter.
Survey methods in a concussion
In addition to assessing the overall health of the victim, for example, the nature of the injury, the possibility of alcohol consumption, mental state of the patient is also assigned the examination of the brain.
There are the following scientific research methods:
- electroencephalogram (learning activity certain parts of the brain);
- ophthalmoscopy – examines the fundus of the eye to detect intracranial pressure;
- Doppler ultrasound – examined blood flow and blood vessels of the head;
- otoneurological examination – General examination of the vestibular, auditory, olfactory and gustatory apparatus.
Methods of treatment in injuries of the head
Injury to the soft tissues of the brain requires prompt action. Patient to put on a hard horizontal surface. When clouding of consciousness the patient is placed on his side in a stable position, to avoid ceasing language, and to avoid the threat of choking on vomit.
The possibility of a concussion – the basis for admission, where doctors will take the diagnosis. The first two or three days to observe strict bed rest. After this time, depending on the severity of the injury, pastel mode is continued or patient is allowed to go home.
If medical rehabilitation is important as quickly as possible to return the functional characteristics of the brain back to normal. For this medication the following pharmacological groups:
- correctors of cerebral circulation;
- B vitamins;
But this does not mean that you can let it go in case of a quick recovery. After the concussion mostly be on the account at the neurologist during the year.
Thus, concussion is a really serious problem. In addition to exact observance of all doctor’s recommendations, you need to undergo periodic examination in order to avoid dangerous consequences. Although in most cases with proper treatment and without aggravating circumstances, the prognosis is reasonably favorable. But it should be remembered that any further concussion will be harder to shift and have more serious consequences.
Thus, the brain damage is pretty serious damage. Therefore, the main action will be an appeal for help to the professionals.