Yemen is a beautiful Arab country
Today I wanted to introduce you to the wonderful Arabian country of Yemen.
Yemen (Arab. al-Yaman) is a state located in the South of the Arabian Peninsula in southwest Asia. Is part of the Middle East, bordered by Oman and Saudi Arabia. Bordered by the Red sea and the Arabian sea.
Yemen is one of the oldest centers of civilization.
The oldest known state in the territory of Yemen was Qataban, Hadramawt, mA’in, Sabean and Himyarite kingdoms. In IV century the whole of Yemen was United Himyarite. At the end of the same century Himyarite kings adopted Judaism as the state religion. At the beginning of the VI century. Yemen came under the rule of Ethiopia, which led to his temporary Christianization. At the end of the same century Yemen was conquered by Sassanid Iran.
628 — Islamic conquest.
1173 — the invasion of Egyptian troops.
1184-1229 — Yemen — vassal of the Sultanate of Egypt Ayyubid.
1229-1454 — unification of Yemen under the rule of the dynasty Rasulov.
1454-1517 — Yemen under the rule of the tahirid.
1538-1635 — first Ottoman conquest of Yemen.
North Yemen gained independence from the Ottoman Empire, under the authority of which he again appeared in the XIX century) in 1918. In 1967 he received the independence of South Yemen, a former British protectorate since 1839. After 3 years, the government of South Yemen (PDRY) adopted a Pro-Soviet orientation. Following two decades in a bitter struggle between the two States. In 1990 the two warring countries United into the Republic of Yemen.
May 21, 1994, the former leaders of the PDRY declared the South an independent state — the Democratic Republic of Yemen; prior to July 1994 armed uprising of the South was suppressed severomorskoy army.
Political structure Yemen
The head of state — President, elected (1999) direct universal suffrage for 7 years. President Ali Abdullah Saleh, who was elected in 1999, ran in September 2006 for a second term was re-elected.
Yemen is divided into 16 provinces. In turn, provinces are divided into Kady, Kady-nahii.
Yemen’s multi-party system, the Parliament (elected in 2003, 301 MP) represented 5 parties:
The General people’s Congress party of President Ali Abdullah Saleh, has a parliamentary majority — 238 seats
Yemeni Association for reform (Islah) — a religious party of Sheikh Abdullah bin Hussein al-Ahmar, who many times held the posts of Prime Minister and speaker of Parliament — 46 seats
The Province Of Yemen
21 province (muhafazah).
Geography Of Yemen
The Economy Of Yemen
Advantages: oil production is growing. The extraction of salt. Development of copper, gold, lead and molybdenum deposits. Processing industry: oil processing, chemical industry, food industry, production of cement and leather. The growth of the private sector of the economy.
Weaknesses: political instability deters foreign investors. The destruction of the war. Well-organized black market reduces tax revenues. Dependence on subsistence agriculture. High population growth and consequent unemployment (30 %). The lack of control from the center, weak integration and nepotism hinder the economic recovery.
In 1980-ies in Yemen were discovered oil deposits, which have become a vital source of government income. Great importance for the country’s economy has and the construction industry. However, not all Yemenis can find work at home, many leave to work in other countries, mainly in Saudi Arabia.
The main population of the country — Yemeni Arabs, in the North-East tury Mekhri live on the island of Socotra — cockatrice.
In the near future, Yemen may be one of the largest population of the Arab countries. In mid-2005, the population of Yemen was 20.7 million people. It is estimated that every five minutes in this country are born six infants, respectively, born in the month more than 50 thousand children. According to the UN, this state is characterized by one of the highest birth rates in the world, which is 6.8 children per woman. Evidence of constant growth of the population is the fact that children under 15 years account for 46 % of the total number of citizens. At this level, by 2025, the population in Yemen will increase by approximately two times and will account for 39.6 million people, and by 2050 this figure will exceed 70 million. However, this is unlikely as in recent years the birth rate in Yemen is still significantly reduced (more than 52 births per 1000 inhabitants in 1980-ies about 40 at present, according to the world Bank).
Currently, Yemen is one of the poorest Arab countries, in which about 50 % of the population live below the poverty line. This is due to the high level of maternal mortality. According for 2003 for every 100 thousand children died in childbirth 366 women. However, 1990 to the same number of newborns at birth have died of 1400 women in childbirth.
The lack of infrastructure and sufficient number of hospitals leads to the fact that the majority of women give birth at home without any medical assistance.