The best national parks in the world
The first national parks, protecting natural society, appeared in the XVI century. However, the first national Park was opened only at the end of the 19th century, in the United States. This is really a high honor was awarded to the unique Yellowstone plateau, rich in geysers and hot mineral springs, where in 1872 was opened Yellowstone national Park. In 1916, the United States was established in the office of the national parks. Such national parks as Grand Canyon, Jasper, Olympic and other currently well-known outside of North America.
The best reserves and national parks of the world
Since then on all continents, there are many national parks. The first national Park in Europe was established in 1914 in the Canton of Grisons, Switzerland. Then, in 1922, opened the national Park of Gran Paradiso in Italy. The first national Park in France, Vanoise was created in 1963. It for 14 kilometers of borders with the Italian Gran Paradiso. In France, seven national parks, three of which are located in Alpine Crescent, stretching from France to Austria. Alpine Crescent is also located and other world famous national parks: Berchtesgaden in Germany, the Hohe Tauern in Austria, Stelvio in Italy and the Triglav in Slovenia.
Yellowstone national Park USA
National Park Yellowstone – probably the most famous national Park in the world. It is on the border of the U.S. States of Wyoming, Montana and Idaho. The Park, established March 1, 1872, is famous for its numerous geysers and Yellowstone lake is one of the largest high-altitude lakes in North America – is located in the crater of the largest volcano on the continent. Therefore, most of the Park is covered with solidified lava.
The Yellowstone is nearly three thousand geysers, two-thirds of all geysers in the world. Here is the world’s largest geyser, the Steamboat, and also one of the most famous geysers in the world — the geyser Old faithful. Last throws a jet of hot water to a height of over forty meters, and the interval between eruptions ranging from 45 to 125 minutes. In addition to Yellowstone, there are only four hot spring fields — the Valley of geysers in Kamchatka, as well as fields in Iceland, Chile and New Zealand.
In addition to the geysers, the Park is about ten thousand various geothermal sources, including hot and sulfur springs and mud volcanoes. In Yellowstone focuses half of all geothermal sources in the world. In addition, it grows about two thousand species of plants, there are several hundred species of mammals, birds, reptiles and fish.
Plitvice lakes, Croatia
The name «Plitvice lakes» was first recorded in 1777, in 1949, the lakes received the status of a national Park, and 30 years later was inscribed on the world heritage list of UNESCO. The Park boasts 16 large karst lakes, 140 waterfalls, 20 caves. And Plitvice is one of the few national parks in the world, where every year produces new waterfalls. Especially the Park – the color of the water. Pictures of lakes look like the photo montage, but the water here is deystvielno is the color of azure. Enjoy it with hardwood floorings, whose total length reaches 18 km.
In the Park there are walking paths, walk along the shortest of which takes two hours and the longest is eight. Lake also offers a boat, and mountain roads can be viewed with the help of trains with observation cars. In the lakes of the Park are strictly forbidden to swim and have picnics, campfires, walking the dogs. In addition, there grows a unique beech and pine forest, preserved from ancient times and has the ability to regenerate itself.
Snowdonia national Park», located in the North of Wales, was established 60 years ago and became one of the first three national parks of England and Wales. Its name to the Park owes mount Snowdon (1085 m), which is the highest point in Wales.
Unlike reserves in other countries, in the of Snowdonia and other national parks of the world, includes both public and private lands. Moreover in the Park there are about 26 thousand people, while every year it is visited by about 6 million tourists. In Snowdonia there are 2381 kilometres of open walking trails, 264 km of trails for walkers and riders and 74 km of open roads. And mount Snowdon can be reached via a scenic Hiking trail with a length of 13 km and the cable car. In the Park there are routes of several historic Railways.
Grand Canyon, USA
The Grand Canyon is one of the deepest canyons in the world located on the Colorado plateau in the U.S. state of Arizona. Its length is 446 km and the depth reaches 1600 m. the canyon cut by the Colorado river in the thickness of limestones, shales and sandstones about 5-6 million years ago. These are perhaps the most complete in the world geological outcrops represent the history of Earth in 1.5 billion years. The canyon continues to grow today.
Every year the reserve of the Grand Canyon is visited by nearly 2 million people, and the most popular among tourists is rafting on the Colorado on inflatable rafts. The climate on the plateau and at the bottom of the canyon varies dramatically — when upstairs about fifteen degrees, on the bottom of the gorge, among the hot rocks, the temperature rises to forty plus. Therefore, most tourists prefer to enjoy the canyon from the observation decks, located on its shores. After all, to go down to the bottom of the Grand Canyon, it will take far more than one hour.
Serengeti national Park famous due to the huge number of animals that live in this area. According to scientists, here there are about five hundred species of birds and three million large animals. Moreover, a significant proportion of animals (wildebeest and Zebra) migrate annually from the North of the Park where the drought in the South. With the onset of the rainy season in April-June the animals migrate to the West and North. Also, here lives the largest of all national parks of the world population on the planet. The Serengeti is also home to thousands of elephants, gazelles, hyenas, hippos and rhinos. And the name of the Park on the Maasai language means «endless plains», because most areas of the Serengeti – the vast Savannah.
Fiordland, New Zealand
The Fiordland national Park is the largest in New Zealand, it occupies a large part of mountainous South-Western part of the South island. Here are the deep lakes of New Zealand, and the mountains in this part of the island reach the height of 2746 meters. Fiordland is still one of the most remote areas of New Zealand. In addition to scenic fjords, waterfalls and rushing rivers, the Park is famous for its rich flora and fauna.
In dense forests, home to rare species of birds, such as parrots cockatoos. During a visit to Fiordland you can see a bottlenose Dolphin or penguin. One of the most popular places in the Park is the Bay of Milford sound, the famous writer Rudyard Kipling called the «eighth wonder of the world». Bay length of about 16 km is surrounded by majestic mountains with a height more than a kilometer. And this is one of the wettest places on the planet: only every third day are not observed by the rain.
The name of the falls «Iguazu» comes from the words in the language Guarani y (water) and guasu (large). Legend has it that a God wanted to marry a beautiful aboriginal woman, but she ran off with her lover in a canoe. In anger, God cut the river, creating the waterfalls, condemning the lovers to an eternal fall.
Today, in the iguaçu river formed a complex of the 270 waterfalls. Pairs located on the border of Brazilian state paraná and Argentine province Misiones. The border between the two countries means the waterfall Devil’s Throat, whose width is 150 m, and length – 7000 m. It is the largest waterfall complex. The height of the drop of water on Igauzu reaches 82 meters, but most of the waterfalls it does not exceed 60 meters. Consider the waterfalls with bridges, whose total length is about 2 km away.
Banff national Park, Canada
The oldest national Park of Canada Banff was founded in 1885. In the southern part of the Park is crossed by two highway – railroad and highway. With the construction of the railway in 1883, was accidentally discovered hot springs in the caves on the Eastern slopes of the mountains. Two years later, these places were recognized as unique and protected.
The Park is called «Park of the Rockies» and became the first in Canada and second national Park created in North America, after Yellowstone national Park. Today it is one of the most visited national parks in the world. After all, here you can find everything what is associated with Canada: the extraordinary beauty of the scenery and smell of the oil. There are glaciers, hot springs, Hiking trails, ski slopes. The center of the Park is the highest populated area of Canada, Banff., located at an altitude of 1463 m above sea level.
Torres del Paine, Chile
National Park Torres del Paine is located in southern Chile, in Patagonia. The name of the Park translated from the language of the araucanians Indians means «Blue towers». Three needle-like granite mountains, whose height ranges from 2600 to 2850 m, became a symbol of the national Park. The highest point in the Torres del Paine mountain Paine Grande, with a height of 3 050 m.
In the Park are two routes. One of them is 4 days, the second about a week. The Park is one of the most visited tourist sites in Chile. Because there are glaciers, high mountains, lakes, forests, home to many animals and birds, and among the flowers you can even find orchids.
Tatra Mountains, Poland-Slovakia
Two of the Tatra national Park – one in Poland and one in Slovakia have a common border with a length of 64 km, It is the highest part of the Carpathians, the length of which is approximately 60 km away. these Mountains were formed by glaciers in the Tatras so many U-shaped valleys, mountain lakes with incredible clean water. Green areas and bare rock is more than a quarter of the national Park.
The flora of the Tatras are more than a thousand species of plants, but a living symbol of the Park can be called a chamois. It is a small animal of the subfamily of goats weighing 30-35kg, covered with thick hair. Despite conservation efforts, these animals, as before, are on the verge of extinction. In the Park there are also deer, wild boars, deer, and wolves, bears and lynx. Due to its diverse topography of the Tatra mountains is a favorite vacation spot for ski lovers.