Landscape lighting — landscape low-voltage lamp and its installation
Low-voltage landscape lighting is a great idea that can turn any yard into a beautiful illuminative area at night. Troubles with electricity some people can seem complicated. But this project is quite possible to implement using basic available tools independently, without the involvement of any contractors and additional costs. The results will please you.
Modern lighting in landscape design
Landscape lamp solar powered, of course, also a good light source. However, most like the ability to turn on and off lighting. Besides the low voltage lighting is a more logical solution that does not require additional charging.
Today’s market offers many options for the design of low-voltage street lighting. However, illumination systems differ not only in appearance. Some instances allow you to mix and match different types of light. You can use a combination of earth highlight the track and separate the lights, connect the light, and everything is on one transformer and the circuit. It is very important to follow all electrical regulations and standards to ensure the serviceability of the power source. It is best to use a power pack with protection in case of short circuit.
Make a project of landscape lighting
In order to make the project landscape lighting, you should first make a simple sketch of the area you want to cover. The sketch may not be perfect, but at least compliance with the indicative scale will help to determine how many lights you need to buy and what is the length of the landscape of the wiring you will need. Making the sketch, be sure to pay attention to the features that may affect your design, such as: stairs, walkways/sidewalks, trees, shrubs and hedges that you would like to highlight.
Then find an appropriate place where it will be powered by electricity landscape lighting. Low voltage lighting requires power from step-down transformer to 12V. Most of the options for landscape lighting powered by transformers connected, for convenience, directly to the outlet. Based on the location of the transformer, it is already possible to pass the wiring under the ground (just under the surface to protect it) until the first backlight element and then to each device in the chain.
Place the lamps subject to the dark areas of the footage so that it was the most lit. The dimensions of the transformer will depend on the number of lamps. Calculated in terms of «watts». For example, small transformer 120 watt operates on 8 lamps, each of which takes 3 watts. Multiply and get 24 watts. So the transformer 120 watts leaves a good reserve of power if you want to increase the number of light sources. All. In addition to the transformer, wiring and lights, nothing more is needed!
Installation of landscape lighting
Directly installation of lighting fixtures on the site incredibly easy. To install the same 8 fixtures and the transformer will go in about an hour from start to finish, given that you have only a screwdriver and pliers. The first step is to collect each of the lighting devices in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions. Most of these lamps going in a few easy steps without tools.
After all fixtures are assembled, place them on the site in places that were planned. Here you can make adjustments to the plan based on visual comparison. Make sure that the location of the illuminators and the distance between them is reasonable.
At this stage you can deploy landscape wire, to shoot it from the transformer on the path of the chain to the furthest lamp and make sure its length is enough. Be sure to add to required length tolerance to be necessary in the case of small changes in the mounting elements. You can not just cut a coil and hide it under the ground, pre-saidalieva. It will come in handy if you decide to continue the chain by adding more lamps. For isolation, the most reliable option would be the shrink tube on plastpolymer-prom/production/trubki_termousazhivayushchiesya_iz_ftoroplasta_4d_tipa_taf/ with the help of which you will be able to protect them from moisture and oxidation.
To connect to the transformer, strip the wire ends. Connect both wires to the terminals on the back of the transformer. Remember that at low voltage 12V no polarity, so don’t worry about the correct connections.
The next step fasten the wire to the first lamp. Included to most of these lamps are the connectors that tightly compresses the wire. They have a built-in connector pierces. That is, when the circuit lock of the connector, the device is immediately recorded. Make sure that the clamp holds very tightly.
After all the lamps will be attached, you can include the transformer in the network and to check your landscape lighting. At this point all the lights should work. Make sure that each device is working properly before moving on to the final step. The final step is to disguise the wire under the turf. The easiest way is to gently pry off the turf with a sharp shovel, to divert it to the side, put in the formed channel, the wire and return the turf in place. Landscape wiring intended for contact with the ground, so it’s completely safe.
Installing low-voltage landscape lighting is very simple and will not take much time. It looks impressive on any type of area. The beauty of using this system is that you don’t have to rely on the sun to charge the lights. That lighting is uniform and you can turn on and off at any time. The transformer, 8 lights and wiring will cost about 16-18 thousand rubles. There are cheaper solutions, and the price varies greatly depending on the type and design of light sources. So it’s still available.