Arabian perfumes — the scents of centuries-old history

Arabian perfumes have a long history, rooted in the vanished civilizations of Babylon, India, Syria and Egypt. These spirits are created from oil-based and differ from the modern spirit, more subtle and rich aromas. In this article you will learn about the history of Arab perfumes and the technique of their creation.

The history of Arabian perfume

Arab oil perfumes called «Attar» or «itry». In Farsi «ITR» means «spirits». Basically they are a mixture of perfume oils and extracts of different flowers or plants. This files most often based on sandalwood oil, which is considered the essence of all fragrances. It has a very subtle, almost imperceptible swing and has the ability to record various unstable odors.

Make Arabic perfume method steam distillation, using the alembic, invented by the Arabian scientist Alkindus. First, a huge number of colors is poured into the copper boiler of a special shape. In the pot flowers stand on a slow fire, highlighting the essential oil. Through a system of pipes these oils come in a glass distillation vessel «alembic» is filled with sandalwood oil. Here the floral fragrance is blended with sandalwood oil by repeated cooling and heating of the mixture. The result is an oil with the smell of plants, whose flowers have undergone distillation. This process is well described in the popular novel by Patrick Suskind “Perfume. The story of a murderer». Because of its foreign mystique, in medieval Europe, the production of spirits was equal to practice witchcraft and severely punished. Of course, modern methods are more standardized, but the principle remains the same.