The last of its kind
Unfortunately, mankind is constantly destroying ancient knowledge, leaving themselves once ordinary things only a glorious history. More interesting to look at examples of the so-called last representatives of the ancient communities, Nations, and professions to look after is history.
1. The sect, which survived in spite of everything
The shakers – a religious sect in England whose members arrived in the USA shortly before the American revolution. Being one of the branches is not less interesting, the Quakers, the shakers were so called because used to speak in foreign languages. They were convinced that both men and women were made in the image and likeness of God, making them one of the first religious movements in which women play an important role in the women of the people are not particularly considered. The leader of the shakers Mother Ann Lee rather immodestly considered himself the feminine counterpart to Jesus. Their community flourished in the United States. Before the civil war there were 4000. They led a public life, dedicating themselves to handicraft, agriculture and prayer. However, the rules of the Shakers forbade marriage; Mother Anna considered sex as a sin (since she lost four children in childbirth), and, thus, membership among the Shakers was very difficult to obtain – the number of people is limited. After the civil war, the number of shakers began to decline sharply, and many of their villages were abandoned. As of 2010, alive was only 3 shaker. They live in Sabbathday Shaker village in Maine, where they still lead their traditional way of life and hold the door open for converts. If you think sex is a sin – welcome!
2. The last of the indigenous
Truganini was the last full-blooded aborigines of Tasmania and, accordingly, the last of the immediate family of a Tasmanian Devil. The people who inhabited the island of Tasmania over 45000 years was almost completely wiped out by the Black war – the protracted conflict between them and the newly arrived European settlers. The settlers destroyed the aborigines not only weapons, but also diseases, which in truganini had no immunity. Only 200 natives were alive. However, there was among the colonists and the good guys. For example, the English preacher named George Augustus Robinson was trying to protect tamantsev, resettling them on Flinders island. He used the daughter of the leader for negotiations and the search for the remaining aborigines. But the initiative much success did not bring, and Robinson eventually gave up and abandoned the quest and abandoned Truganini. Some of them began to trade and robbery more and more often to attack the hated colonists. Caught the aborigines sent to Flinders island, where lived a few much smaller indigenous tribes. In the end, all the tribes on the island in the course of natural causes died. All but Truganini.
3. The last Indians of Arizona
In the tribe Wupatki in Arizona was a very rich history. The area was inhabited intermittently for over 11,000 years. In those same times was moved the Navajo people, the remains of which still live here today. Most Navajo in Wupatki were forced to abandon their lands in 1864. This year, the U.S. army forcibly moved many of those who previously lived in Arizona and new Mexico. In the history of this sad event known as the «Long March» (Long Walk). In 1924, the government declared the area a national monument. Only have lived in Wupatki Navajo were allowed to stay. One of the last inhabitants is Stella Smith, who was born a year before the closure of the settlement. Her family can’t live with her and take care of the old lady. All because they were not born in Apataki. It is already quite old and is the oldest of the Navajo Wupatki, and, sadly, with it will disappear the last representatives of the great tribe on this cruel earth.
4. The last ninja
Jinichi Kawakami – definitely a unique person that can accommodate a huge number of talents at the same time, he and a University Professor, and Museum Director, and engineer, and is considered one of the last of the legendary ninja of Japan. Kawakami began practicing ninjutsu when he was six years old, and in the end he became the 21st Chapter of the legendary ninja clan the Ban, whose history goes back about 500 years. Although this role gave him access to the private secrets of the ninja, Kawakami says that their methods have no place in the modern world. Thus, he has no plans to appoint a successor after his retirement. In order to help preserve the ancient traditions, Jinichi spent considerable time in studying the history and techniques of this ancient community. He created the ninja Museum Igaryu that collects and stores the secret scrolls, including recipes for poisons, which, says Kawakami, very effective, and therefore can not be used.
5. A slave with a long history
Even fifty years after the abolition of the slave trade in the United States, the society could not wean from cheap labor, and therefore «the live goods» has become the object of smuggling. Cujo Lewis was one of these slaves – the last passenger ship that sailed with «human beings» in the three years before the abolition of slavery. He was born on the hot site, which is now called the government of Benin. Lewis was taken prisoner, when a hostile tribe attacked his village. Treacherous enemies kujo sold into slavery, and then the poor fellow came on Board of the ship under the name Clotide. During the 45-day journey was incredibly difficult and the illicit nature of transportation have made travel even more dangerous for slaves and for crew. Kujo then told the writer of View of the Nile Herston how it was scary: naked slaves were kept below deck in the dark and close quarters, and Clothed sailed through a hurricane to protect valuable cargo from pirates and the Navy. Even after the arrival of mobile slaves had to be hidden until they are dismantled clandestine slave owners. Cujo remained a slave for five years before they received the release. He and the other survivors in the «Clotide» settled near Mobile, and, in fact, created the African city in the land of their former owners.
6. Endangered Malay folklore
The awang Batil is the narrator of the ancient Malay tales. He tells stories, accompanying himself on the brass drum, himenuma batile. As a rule, the action begins with the ignition of incense to purify the area from evil spirits and other vermin. The narrator uses a variety of masks and other props to decorate the history, which themselves are often festive and napolnenie humor. The uniqueness of Awango that they are still trying to preserve the old folk traditions that have almost disappeared even in the Orthodox villages. He currently lives just one live practicing the Awang Batil – Romli Mahmoud who has been doing this even with the 50-ies. Mahmoud does not intend to teach anybody his art, as, in his opinion, the ancient tales are too long and very interesting to the modern viewer. Unfortunately, this interesting tradition will die with him.
7. The Last Don
Until the early 2000-ies of the once fearsome Five families of the Cosa Nostra was only a pale shadow of its former self. Ivan John Gotti, boss of the Gambino family, died in prison. Barefoot crime families, the Genovese and Colombo was serving a sentence in prison. And «the Kid» al De from Arco family Luchese turned away from the mafia, to become a Federal witness. The only so-called «last of the Mohicans» the Italian mafia was Joseph Massino – boss of the Bonanno crime family, whom the media called «the Last Don». Massino became head of the house after a long bloody struggle for power between rival factions. So Massino suspected of plotting the murder of their fellow competitors. After charges and courts of Last don also decided to become a Federal witness and helped his guards to gather evidence for accusations of his successor, thus becoming the last of the still, the romanticized image of the noble don.
The Bonanno family still exists, but does not have the influence they used to be.
8. Family business «Kongo Gumi»
«Kongo Gumi» is the Japanese family construction company that was founded already in the year 578! The company specializing in the construction of Buddhist temples, afloat, that’s already 1400 years! During this time, the right of ownership of the company remained in the family of the Congo, which followed the ancient Japanese tradition of passing authority from father to son.
But since the 1990-ies, the modern world was stronger than ancient traditions «Kongo Gumi». The company lost money in some bad real estate deals, while at the same time, the demand for their services began to decline. Congo, Masakazu, the 40th President of the company that made the hard decision to lay off workers. But the debts kept growing, and he finally sold the company, making it the last of the Congo, headed the company. «Kongo Gumi» is still there, but now it is a subsidiary of Japan’s largest construction company.
9. The last storyteller of the East
And here is the story of another dying tradition under the name of Hakawati. As in the case of the Awang Batil, Hakawati is a representation, a story about Arab history, using a variety of bright and colourful props and even audience. Hakawati always worked in the same coffee shop that, of course, into the hands of the institution. This location ensures some flow of customers.
Stories, Hakawati are of a serial nature, and, in order to finish a story, you need several so-called «readings». By the way, the repertoire, hakawati is the legendary collection of fairy tales «Thousand and one nights» right Now there is only one Hakawati Abu Shadi. It is believed that he was the last of Hakawati in Syria. Most of the audience were sixty men who came to reading from childhood. He believed that the cause of the decline of ancient art is that the narrator connects better with regular viewers who know him well and react positively.
During the conflict in Syria in the throes of revolution, ancient Damascus people were not up to ancient tales. However, Abu Shadi did not stop and acted until his death in 2014.
10. The last Jew of Afghanistan
Salon of Simintov the owner of a small kebab shop in Kabul. Barbecue is inside once the existing synagogue. He is the last Jew in radical Muslim Afghanistan. In the heat reigns in the country during the last 30 years of chaos many minorities left out of it. Went to the Afghan Christians after them have left the country by the Hindus. Sablon was the last Jew of Afghanistan from 2005, the last representative of a religious community, whose history goes back for many thousands of years. Sablon still feels a kinship with their homeland, and so were plundered in the impoverished Afghanistan, although his family immigrated to Israel. Despite the fact that in his own district, he is well known and respected neighbors-Muslims, he takes precautions. For example, trying not to go out without skullcaps, and especially does not apply to that owner is not a bad barbecue is a Jew. However, the restaurant quickly began to lose money after the American occupation, and Sablan resigned to the fact that he would have to leave the country. Yet he lives on donations from sympathetic to his Muslim and Jewish communities.