The invention referred to in sci-Fi works
Bread, butter and caviar of science fiction are stories about the rise of the machines, exciting time travel, Mars attacks. But a hundred stories about hostile Robocop from a neighboring galaxy have only a couple of amazingly accurate prophecies. It is not about General predictions when the science fiction writers predicted the appearance of «Intelligent machines» and «Space travellers», it would be too easy. But there is a special prediction of the born geniuses of the literary genre, which still amazed contemporaries. For example…
1. Jules Verne in great detail described the landing on the moon in 1865…
The first manned spacecraft was launched in December with a U.S. base in Florida. The rocket was made primarily of aluminum and weighed about eight tons. The building has spent nearly $12.1 billion. After three cosmonauts did their moonwalk, they safely returned to Earth, the capsule fell into the ocean, where it took officials of the Navy.
I think it’s a boring and banal story? But, for a moment, that’s the plot of the novel by Jules Verne, written in 1865, and some moments in this book inspire us to think about what this talented Frenchman was not only a tough writer, but also a cool time traveler.
His novel «From the earth to the moon» was released over a century before held the mission «Apollo-11». The author was inaccurate only in a few moments: the actual weight of a starship was almost 12 tons, and cost $14.4 billion. He made a mistake on the process of rocket launch: in the novel the astronauts launched out of a cannon «Columbiad». Recall that the command module «Apollo 11» was named Columbia. And last, Verne described the state of space weightlessness, although at that time it was not yet known. Obviously, he thought it was a harmless madness, which is able to make his work more exciting and alive.
2. Mark TWAIN predicted the Internet in 1898
Hey, mark TWAIN is not only Tom Sawyer and Huckleberry Finn, looking for trouble on their young Asses in the area of the banks of the Mississippi. However, not many know that the author was interested in science fiction, it is not surprising, if someday, somewhere will be drafts that describe how Sawyer and Finn ply space piracy, arranging interstellar high Jinks.
Once such a science-fiction story the writer published in the newspaper «London times» in 1904, there are described a rather interesting invention called «telelectroscope», which is used as a telephone system for establishing a world network of information distribution. Speaking intelligibly and popularly, TWAIN described the principle of operation of the world wide web. Keep in mind that it was written in 1898, when telephones were still fairly new and rare thing.
With the help of «telelectroscope» made possible the observation of the daily activities of people from all over the world, regardless of location». Stop! TWAIN predicted, and the emergence of social networks? That’s right… unfortunately, the story itself is pretty mediocre. It describes how the protagonist, accused of a murder he did not commit, prove his innocence, when he sees in the «Internet» of the alleged victim at one of the celebrations in China.
Clearly, people do not put TWAIN on a par with the Right, so his predictions didn’t pay any attention. For the reading audience, it will forever remain a great writer that perfectly describes the life of provincial America, and which better not to go to science fiction.
3. Robert Heinlein predicted in 1961 screensavers
It is clear that you would produce a greater impression of a fulfilled prophecy of a nuclear or a new world war. And the master word of this to constantly think and write. But do not neglect the simple and even trivial to today’s contemporary look, things. Pick up a novel by one of the deans» of all the major science fiction writers, Robert Heinlein – «Stranger in a strange land», which he wrote in 1961. Leafing through the pages, you will see a strange future world where virtually every citizen of average means has a 3D TV, a computer, and «device stereovideo disguised as an aquarium. Yes, it is, ten years before the first personal computer, Heinlein described the computer as a bright and lively screensaver floating fish, or the apparatus stereometria, who was able to entertain the audience, even when in the off state. The author not only outlined the key function of the screensavers, but guessed one of the most common and popular topics for screensavers.
4. Herbert George wells described the atomic bomb in 1914
Before the idea of creating weapons of mass destruction visited shaggy head of Einstein, wells wrote about this whole literary work called the «Liberated world», ahead of the great scholar for several decades. The author had no idea what a nuclear explosion is possible in principle, he just knew a little about radioactive decay and thought that if we ever figure out a way to blow it all at once will probably get the «big Bada-boom» in the world. And, of course, he did not spare the colors and the darkest epithets to describe what a huge radius of destruction will have such a blast.
By the way, the first time the phrase «atomic bomb» appeared in the «Free world», after reading that Leo Szilard, an American physicist of Hungarian-Jewish descent, decided that this bomb is a great weapon of control, even a potential one. He patented the idea in 1934, despite the fact that it seemed strange fiction from the world of science fiction.
5. Hugo Gernsback described the detailed structure of the radar in 1911
Hugo Gernsback is an inventor, a businessman and writer who founded the world’s first science-fiction magazine «Amazing Stories», plus it is named after the annual awards ceremony in the field of science fiction, the Hugo Awards. The predictions of Gernsbach found its physical embodiment in almost all spheres of modern society, from remote for the TV, ending the use of solar energy.
But his most impressive novel, a foreboding became a piece called «Ralph 124C 41+», where he predicted the advent of radar technology. And it was not some «magical thing, able to detect things.» He described in detail the principle of operation of the device mechanics, including the text of the chart. Well, the first radar was invented by Robert Paige’s research laboratory U.S. Navy in 1934, several decades after the book’s publication.