The history of shaving. Part 1
It is not strange, but our stern ancestors followed each other almost more than we are now. Was century, when men look after themselves significantly more women powdered face, the wigs, get rid of vegetation and tinted lips. Fu, I will say, you probably. But wearing lipstick and powder did not interfere with the count. and Marquis to fight with other graphs and awnings for the ladies, the land and other resources.
To remove facial hair — was one of the most important features of civilization. Barbarians are not really sought to remove beards, however, as the Russian nobility to a certain point. Hair removal on the face was a very good thing from the point of view of banal hygiene. In hair infestation, breeding of bacteria and stuck pieces of food. Therefore, to remove facial hair and to elevate the beard started… 100 000 years ago. Almost all time of existence of Homo sapiens. And you don’t want to shave once again, you walk like a bum.
The caveman and the obsidian scraper
Cave people are often hairy, and overgrown, but this is only partially true. The hair held the moisture on the face, increasing the risk of frostbite, that is why the ancient people thought that in order to reduce their hair «reservoirs». Ancient people used to remove strips of sharp shells and pieces of silicon. Did the scientists examining rock paintings. Closer to our time, 60 000 years ago, ancient people discovered easily processed obsidian. Obsidian scrapers remove facial vegetation.
The first shaving cream that is often used by women, consisted of… arsenic, slaked lime or starch. They were crushed with water or fat, so the texture softened hair and slightly reduced life. But it is beautiful. Such mixtures appeared 3000 years BC. When people discover metallurgy, they began to make scrapers from metals.
Despite the fact that the Egyptians appear to us with long hair, it’s either wigs of other hair, or funny hats. The Egyptians shaved completely, even on the bodies eliminated all vegetation. The Greek historian Herodotus and his heavily mocked by the Egyptians, believing that they too care about their appearance and excessively neat. Unfortunately, Herodotus did not think that washing several times a day and hair removal is the answer to the unreal heat that prevails in Egypt. Only barbarians, peasants, mercenaries from other countries and slaves wore the hair on the head, lack of hair was a sign of belonging to a higher caste.
Archaeologists found in large numbers in burials of the bronze razors, bath creams pumice and clay. Hair on face, body and on the head was considered a sign of disregard for hygiene that was absolutely logical. But for some illogical reason, to appear bald or without a hat in public was considered very vulgar. The wigs and the hats were made so that air circulates better and cooled the Royal head. The beard was removed as well, but the pharaohs wear false beards. Even the pharaohs were women. The skill of the Barber was highly prized among the Egyptians.
The Sumerians, like some peoples used flint scrapers. The first metal razors were a little bent for easy shaving.
Alexander the great and shaving
Fashion of Ancient Greece to shave must, first of all, Alexander of Macedon, who ordered his soldiers to shave beards and cut hair to enemies was not something to hold on to during the battle. Alexander’s charismatic personality quickly made shaving wildest popular topic. Razor from Egypt entered into the life of the Greeks, but was somewhat improved, and the material was replaced by a more decent iron and bone.
Olive oil that the Greeks shoved everywhere, they played a significant role in the manufacture of creams. It was mixed with talc, clay, cobweb and produced something that helps to shave his beard.
Love to borrow everything from the Greeks the Romans took the effort to shave, bringing it to an absolute fashion. The Romans are only blue, shaved chins. The Romans believed that shaving is a sign of civilized man, not a Jew there, or a barbarian. Shaved and soldiers, carrying with him marching razors, shaving and senators, using the services of a personal Barber. The less hair was on the body, the more civilized was considered a citizen. This was true even of pubic hair. And depravity of all sorts of Nero and Caligula irrelevant — hygiene first and foremost. By the way, Roman razors were straight, which permanently enshrines these razors in history.
The middle ages and shaving
Not always enough time to shave in the Middle ages: the plague, the Crusades, invasions of some countries on others. But still the shave was considered a good thing. To say thank you should be the good influence of Byzantium and of the same Roman Empire. After the Church split into two branches of the churches of shaving among the servants of the God was required — so different from Catholic priests from the Muslim, Jewish and other. This trend was introduced into canonical law in 1096. Forbidden to shave their beards to all, with the exception of the crusaders in the Holy Land. Women are also not lagging behind and completely removed their eyebrows to increase the forehead.
Used steel razor, and the quality of the cream used a mixture of walnut oil (or olive), ammonia and vinegar.
It is worth noting that in the Renaissance the beard was also raised, but did not forget to care for them. In General, the mechanics of hair removal has not changed: scraped anything and anointed, too, somehow, often poisonous. The women decided to go even further — shave their hair to increase their foreheads. It is believed that many women of upper-class hair got out because of a lack of iron in food and clean air, silly city girl, being confident in a new fashion, shaved their own hair to make a beautiful huge foreheads. Also appeared extremely razors that could only use specially trained people. At the same time, there is more or less safe shaving product and even a kind of shaving soap
More or less safe razor
Razors were able to use only specially trained people because to a certain point they were extremely dangerous and could cut off his fingers, the skin to the teeth and everything. But in the 18th century there was what is mistakenly still called «razor». French inventor Jean-Jacques Perret wanted to stop people wasting time and money on barbers and came up with natural this razor for everyone. All in all, then file, found on the Perret razor wooden casing, which was convenient to stay. But to shave she was somehow not really cool and stsykotno, although relative to other razors, it was much more secure. The correct name for such a razor — bladed. It lasted almost 200 years.