The history of Rugby
7 APR 1823 on the football field College Rugby sixteen-year-old William Webb Ellis picked up the ball in his hands and ran to the gate.
So there was Rugby.
At that time did not exist as such rules of football game, before every match the teams are agreed. The first attempt to develop new rules of the game and thus to separate it from football were also made by Ellis — he limited the number of participants in teams of up to 10 people. The first edition of the rules of Rugby dates back to the year 1846. According to him, in Rugby you play or only hands or only feet — no compromises.
October 26, 1863 believe the second birthday of Rugby League as a separate sport. This day was created by the English football Association. She finally banned players in football to take the ball in his hands and try to take it away from the opponent.
In 1871 the English Rugby Union, which brought together 21 clubs. At the same time was published the official rules of the game. Soon, similar unions were formed in Scotland and Northern Ireland. In 1890 he established the international Rugby Union, which later became the Federation of former British colonies and dominions — New Zealand, South Africa, Australia.
Young sport quickly became popular worldwide. Rugby was included in the Olympic program much earlier than many other sports in the year 1900. The initiator of inclusion was Romania. At the games of 1900 in France, the gold went to the hosts-the French silver was the Germans, and the English team took the third place.
The most difficult moment for the development of Rugby had the opportunity to become professionals, i.e. to obtain money for the game. At the end of the nineteenth century there has been a gap between the North of England, where Rugby was very popular in the working environment, and the South, where this game remains the privilege of gentlemen.
29 Aug 1895 in Huddersfield was established the Northern Rugby Union. Teams that joined the Northern Union, was allowed to be composed of professionals. Rules of the game were slightly modified, and a new game called Rugby League (sometimes referred to as Rugby-13 by the number of players in the team).
The «old» Rugby steel in order to avoid confusion to call Rugby Union.
Amateur status of Rugby Union has always caused much controversy. «Fans» are constantly accused of receiving money for the game, and a lot. However, the status of professional sports was rated Rugby Union only in 1995.
Today, the most popular event in Rugby is the six Nations tournament, which involved teams from England, Scotland, Ireland, Wales, France and Italy, as well as the «Test series» – a series of two or more bilateral games between national teams.
Since 1987, every four years held world Cup of Rugby for national teams like world Cup football. And in 2016, Rugby 7’s (another kind of Rugby) will debut at the 2016 Olympic games in Rio de Janeiro.