Silly myths about the middle Ages
Dark ages dark Ages is a terrible time, time of the fall of the great Roman Empire and the whole world is plunged into chaos, horror and gloomy darkness. At least so is considered to be. Today we will try to shed some light of knowledge on your saddened about Monday the head and have a small historical meeting.
1. Cruel people lived in terrible conditions
The dark ages justifiably got its name: no civilized society, no infrastructure, no medicine. On the ground, which was covered with mud and shit, constantly wandering barbarians and warriors hoping for someone to conquer, plunder and rape. The average duration of human life was equal to the life of a crippled lamb, who was in the lion’s den.
Oh yeah, don’t forget about the Church that tortured people as long as they did not accept their faith, and once accepted, continued to torture, apparently guided by the logic of the old joke: «As I remember, so angry…» Can go to the bookstore and find at least one book on those times. Guarantee: on any cover you will not find a smiling rosy-cheeked children.
Actually it wasn’t that bad even for the hard-core poor. People have tried step by step to develop the field of medicine, charity and even some philanthropy. Gradually began to get rid of slavery itself. Of course, the Romans loved him with all my heart, but the development of agricultural technologies, the increase in the number of draught animals is slowly but surely reduced the urgent need of human labor unabated. There were those who plowed other on a voluntary basis, and farmers, at least technically, and was forced, because without the permission of the Lord could not leave the land, had much more freedom than slaves.
In between burnings of heretics at the stake, the Church was involved in the organization of charity, and after Christianity became firmly on his feet in Europe, they were assisted with food and clothing and even money. Plus, during the so-called «dark» ages began to appear the first shelters and hospitals for the poor.
No, if you have moved into an era in a time machine, you managed to hate these places just allotted you five minutes until, until the local wouldn’t let you in the gut for witchcraft and black magic. Just modern historians hardly use such a thing as the «Dark ages», because there is no specific and reasonable facts, that life is «before» or «after» is strikingly different with its quality. All in the spirit of his time. No more, no less.
2. In addition to jousting, there were no more entertainment
What could be better after a hard day’s bloodshed is to shed more blood! In those days, when Europe was burning in a raging flame war, but took a break to relieve the infamous thirst for violence and carnage helped jousting, fighting with swords and batons.
The so-called jousting was part of the compulsory plan of military training until the end of the 11th century. About any entertainment programs and speech could not be, as a decent stirrups in the afternoon with fire not to find, and without them people flew out of the saddle at the slightest impact, like a bags of bones. Entertainment in the «dark» time of the «Dark ages» were a very mediocre painting of everyday life: competitions in archery, Boxing and even something remotely similar to the great-grandfather of Rugby.
And one more thing: in Norse sagas of the ninth century describes how the intrepid Vikings were having fun, like small children, skating or arranging ski competition. And there was dancing and throwing horseshoes. Now, remember Gladiator fights so popular in Rome… Well, what age deserves characterization as «dark»?
3. It was a time of continuous and bloody fighting
According to one version, the «Dark ages» owe their name to a really heavy period on the pages of world history, when collapsed the Great Roman Empire. After 476 ad, when the great Horde of barbarians with fire and sword trampled the Roman Empire, there was not one person who took the reins in their hands, proclaiming himself the new world leader. And without the supervision of Big brother leaders of tribes, clans, lands began to fight among themselves. In no time the whole continent went into a state of continuous total war, where the princes, the generals, and just people who crave power, tried to seize someone else’s territory.
And in fact, the scale of the tragedy was highly exaggerated. If, for example, to compare a battle that took place during the «Dark ages» with Roman, we can draw the same analogy of a fight between two babies and a Boxing match between Mohammed Ali and George foreman. In fact, and and – battle, but only to make a multimillion crowd a real chance only one pair from this example. Rome knew a lot about large scale battles, you could even say that in this he had no equal. During the first Punic war the Roman fleet lost 100,000 people in one day. I think they grabbed his head and began to doubt his sanity? Pfff! The Roman Empire sent more troops and continued the war for decades, and during the second Punic war, Rome’s loss amounted to 400 000 people, but who cares?.. There is a problem, there are soldiers, who are sent, as if from the infernal line of battle, while the enemy himself decides to give up. There is no problem.
But after the fall of the great empires of the European economy quickly began to acquire local characteristics and without proper division of labor, debugged without an Intercontinental tax base of a huge regular army became an artifact of a bygone era. Kings and princes remained out of work, maybe they would want to sweep the earth at the head of the army crushing, but they stupidly didn’t have the money. Some officials solved this problem by the introduction of the feudal system: they have decided that it is better to divide the land and give a portion of it for military service. The territory was very poor and army – relevant, even a huge numbered less than 20,000 soldiers, half of which were junk, so the war in the «Dark ages» more like a fight between small armed groups. It was not an epic military campaigns and bloodshed that spanned decades, only groups of men that were measured by members, waving their swords and rushing threats, and then quietly went home, dropping in consumption is not more than a dozen goals.
4. The dark ages were an intellectual abyss
Perhaps the «darkness» of this age was compared with the «darkness» of the intellectual capacity of the people, because most of them were dumb as a cork. Give superstition and ignorance! Those who could read that there is called scientists, and those who could count, was able to list these scholars on the fingers of one hand. Any literary ambitions were met with strong dissatisfaction of the people, as this humanitarian shit does not help to grow tomatoes and potatoes. Moreover, you get caught with any written doodles, you would without a trial burned for witchcraft.
These times were not the intellectual Twilight zone. So, the bulk of the population could neither read nor write as well as many generations after. But in the Middle ages scientists were really held in high esteem. It is impossible to deprive of attention the Carolingian minuscule is one of the basic types of medieval letters with a clear, freely supplied by the letters of the Latin alphabet, which was introduced in the eighth century by Charlemagne.
Before this minuscule letter look sloppy, than pee on the road left by the fleeing bull: there was no understanding of uppercase and lowercase letters, the omission between the words, and the alphabet and a few grammar rules are not perceived as more than a friendly recommendation. The Carolingian minuscule gave the world the revolutionary ideas of punctuation and spaces between words. He was probably the main reason for the preservation of many ancient texts, which is now studying the descendants of the texts that was not so difficult to disassemble, translate and give the descendants. Nevertheless certainly you hear about this thing first, because it was created in the Dark fucking ages. And in the Dark, their mother, no nichrome centuries did not invent anything.
5. The dark ages are the dark ages…
Well, okay, maybe, and those times were some positive moments. But any optimist with an idiotic smile will tell you about the rainbow after the rain, after all, no wonder the middle Ages got its name?
Feature of this time was somewhat adapted to the public. Historians try to avoid such a definition, preferring the «Transition period», «Early middle Ages» or the usual «Medieval», despite what was going on. For the first time this term was articulated in the XIV century. the Italian poet Petrarch felt the warm feelings and nostalgia for days long past. This phrase Petrarch was used as a collective term for everything that happened after the fall of the Roman Empire. And, by the way, his judgment was not based on the results of the centuries-old achievements of mankind, based on historical evidence, and stupidly on the General idea that life has been absolute shit since then, as Rome went belly up and legs raised. He believed that the only road that will lead the world to prosperity, the return of the traditions of ancient Rome. But the memory of the poet was quite selective, because he had forgotten to mention the slavery, the murders and widespread, and in various forms of debauchery.