Route 66: America’s main road
Route 66, which the Americans called «the mother road» for 60 years has linked the two most known cities of the United States — Chicago and Los Angeles. This road can rightfully be called the most famous in the United States. Construction of the route 66 ended on November 11, 1926, and the following year it was running a train signs. The legendary highway went through eight States, beginning in Illinois, then Missouri, Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, new Mexico, Arizona and ended in Los Angeles, California. In General, the length of the track was 2448 miles (3940 km).
On route 66 traveled to the West in search of a better life, farmers, ravaged by dust storms of the 30-ies of the last century. The whole economy of the nearby places was held on route 66: those who started their business on that highway, flourished because the track was becoming more and more popular. Through the years these people returned to their duty track, maintaining her existence, when she was endangered: and on it went, the fewer people due to the fact that between the States paved a new road.
For all time of its existence, route 66 has undergone many changes, in the end, she was officially removed from the system of highways of the United States June 27, 1985, after its function was fully assumed by the new highway. Sections of the road passing through Illinois, Missouri, new Mexico and Arizona, has been preserved as a national monument and was given the name «Route 66». These roads were even returned to some of the maps.
Route 66 began its history 30 April 1926 from Springfield, Missouri. It was assumed that it will connect such important American cities like Chicago and Los Angeles. The city still you can find traces of the «mother road» in the center and in some streets.
When in America, a question was raised about the system of national roads that would connect the States with each other, the businessman from Oklahoma named Cyrus Avery struggled to the road, which had become famous highway in US history who have received this status. In the end, she was officially recognized as a route of national significance in 1927, even though that was not completed (it was asphalted to the end only in 1938). Avery wanted to have the road there was a whole number — 60. Here’s the controversy broke. The fact that this room was to the road that connected the city of Virginia beach and Los Angeles, and the a — ward Avery was listed in the projects such as 62nd. After much debate the way it turned out. However, Avery did not wish that the route existed under this nondescript room, and he opted for the option that initially was not even considered — 66 — because he thought that the number consisting of two repeated numbers, it will be easier to remember, and to look at him pleasantly.
In 1960 he published a map of highways in Missouri, which was designated route 66. After he finished the creation of a Federal system of roads, Kayrus Avery initiated the founding of the United States Association of route 66. This organization was designed to help the final asphalting of roads and to attract tourists. This organization originated in 1927 in Online, at home Avery. The first event that she held, was «Bunion Derby» — a race from Los Angeles to new York. Distance from Los Angeles to Chicago athletes had to run along route 66. This publicity stunt worked! Runners came to congratulate various celebrities. The race ended in the garden of Madison Square, where he was awarded the Grand prize of the race is $25 000 (that sounds grandiose; in today’s dollars is equivalent to $340). The prize was awarded runner from Oklahoma named Andy Hartley Payne. The Association also placed the road is in issue of the Saturday Evening Post of July 16, 1932. Commercials have invited Americans to go to Los Angeles for the summer Olympic games 1932 route 66. The office of the Association in Oklahoma, after the publication of this ad received hundreds of requests for more information. The Association continued to present well-known highway in advertising and business until 1976, not yet disintegrated.
The traffic on the highway has become increasingly busy due to its favorable geographical position. Much of the highway passed on the plain, and so it loved to ride truckers. Probably due to the fact that route 66 went the truck, there was a legend that on this road you can come across a burning truck that lightning sweeps past the astonished travellers and just as suddenly disappears completely.
During the dust storms of the thirties, many farming families (mainly from Oklahoma, Arkans, Kansas and Texas) migrated via route 66 West to California. «The mother road» became the main highway for the unfortunate «Oki» and «arch». During the great depression of the track just helped to survive those who lived in close proximity to it. The route passed through many large and small towns, which created favorable conditions for the creation of a family business: gas stations, service stations, restaurants — all that may need traveler.
In that distant time, a large part of the American highway was a gravel or earth road. However, thanks to the efforts of the Association of route 66, this road became the first paved to the end — it was in 1938. Thus, traffic on the road has become safer. However, there is still kept the dangerous areas — for example, for Atmanam, Arizona, was a stretch of road passing through the Black mountains. There were so many unpredictable and dangerous turns that this stretch of road was called «Bloody 66». Some tourists were so frightened by the prospect of driving on roads that have hired local residents, so that they were of their car until an easier route.
During the Second world war on the route 66 ride was even more immigrants: in California there are many new jobs in the defense industry. The famous physicist Richard Feynman, who participated in the Manhattan project, regularly drove on the highway 66 to 100 miles to visit his dying wife to tuberculosis in a sanatorium. In 50-e years of the last century the route was filled with vacationers, napravljena in Los Angeles. It was in the hands of local residents, who were invented for the entertainment of tourists and earn a lot of money.
Beginning of the end for route 66 began in 1956, President Eisenhower signed the law on Federal roads. This law was created under the influence of his youthful impressions of the First world war, when he was a young soldier, I went through Germany on the truck — since he believed that similar to the German road network is indispensable for the national defence system. During its existence (about 60 years) the track constantly changed his route because engineers were looking for more and more direct routes between settlements. In the end, turned out more efficient to replace the obsolete century honored the road with new tracks.
Cosy roadside towns grown via route 66, almost entirely consisted of eateries and gas stations began to empty, and then completely extinct when the road came a gorgeous highway. Now in some States today, parts of the legendary route dotted with graveyards of cars, abandoned vacation houses and roadside cafes.
Buildings remain intact, albeit nobody uses them. Route 66 still continues to function as a tourist attraction: there are complexes of vintage mini-hotels and amusement parks. Still route 66 along with the Statue of liberty and the Empire state building is considered one of the most important symbols of the United States.