Robert Hutchings Goddard is the Creator of the first rocket with liquid fuel
If you believe the words of the great scholar and founder of the Berlin Academy of Sciences Gottfried Leibniz, our world is the best of all possible worlds. So is there any option that make it the amazing people who live on the third planet from the Sun? History is littered with brilliant minds and outstanding leaders, charismatic leaders who have international recognition, whose name is on everyone’s lips. But so sorry for the people unfairly overlooked, despite their undeniable merits and achievements. Today we will tell you about one of them. Meet Robert Goddard is one of the pioneers of modern rocketry, Creator of the first rocket with liquid fuel , the scientist whose work and research has enabled man to begin the study of the Solar system and what lies beyond.
Robert Hutchings Goddard was born on 5 October 1882 in Worcester, Massachusetts, in the family of Naum Denford Goddard and Fannie Louise Hoyt.
He was an only child and first showed interest in science at an early age, when his father showed him how to generate static electricity from the carpet. He embraced the passion of the son, giving him a telescope, microscope, and a subscription to «Scientific American».
When Robert was sixteen, he got his hands on the book of H. G. wells «War of the worlds». This classic sci-Fi literature has completely changed the life of the future inventor. He began to dream about how mankind is to conquer the vastness of space and he, Robert, will have a lot to do with it. 19 Oct 1899, was a very special day, which Goddard later celebrated along with all the traditional holidays. On this day, quoting his notes, Robert imagined how wonderful it would be to make such a device, with which you can fly to Mars, and how small that would look out on the lawn under my feet.» He also talked about the fact that on this day he had a goal, dream and aspiration.
Goddard grew up a sickly child, and lagged behind their classmates by two years. When his health improved, he continued study in higher educational school in the city of Worcester. He was eighteen, and all his peers are studied in the second year of College or University. However, Robert was twice elected class President and received the title of best student on her graduation in 1904. He then continued his training at Worcester Polytechnic Institute, earning a master’s degree (physics) in 1910 and Ph. D. (physics) in 1911.
Chartered scientist has published his first work on liquid rocket fuel 2 Feb 1909. In his diary Robert wrote about using liquid hydrogen as fuel and liquid oxygen as oxidizer. Such fuel as he considered, could increase the efficiency of running by 50%. And though and thought about using liquid fuel, Robert, as before, concentrated on improving the efficiency of the powder fuel.
In the name of Robert Goddard had registered a total of 214 patents. Including 131 patent was sold by his wife after the scientist’s death. In 1914 he began to design rocket engines, receiving financial support from the Smithsonian society. In the same year there were two significant patent raketherake. First, U.S. Patent 1 102 653, described a multistage rocket. The second, U.S. Patent 1 103 503, described a rocket that runs on gasoline and liquid nitrous oxide.
In the fall of 1914, Goddard became a Professor of the physical faculty of Clark University, it was there that he began his first serious experiments with rockets. By 1916, his experiments become too expensive for the modest teaching salary. In 1917, he received sponsorship from the Smithsonian institution, the National geographic society and the scientific club «Aero Club of America».
The Smithsonian institution also agreed to provide a five-year grant in the amount of $5,000, and in 1919 was published the work of the scientist, which are considered most important in the history of rocketry.
Most of the work was devoted to theoretical and experimental information about the rocket fuel mass, thrust and velocity of the missile.
However, the final section entitled «Determination of minimum weight of the rocket to lift one pound to the «infinitely large» height» was devoted to the description of the potential of the approach for a Month. The publication of his works attracted the attention of Newspapers at the national level. Unfortunately most reviews were either skeptical or outright negative.
January 12, 1920, on the first page of the New York Times published an article under the heading, «Believes rocket can reach moon.» The scientist was ridiculed and crushed. In the result of harsh criticism from the media and other scientists, he often continued his work alone.
Goddard began experimenting with rockets run on liquid fuel in September 1921, and the first successful test took place in November 1923. November 16, 1926 in Auburn, Massachusetts, he launched the world’s first rocket running on liquid fuel (gasoline and liquid oxygen). The entry in his diary recorded the event: «the First rocket flight using liquid fuel, was made yesterday on the farm of aunt EFFIE. The missile called «Nell» by the size of a human hand within 2.5 s. soared to a height of about 12 m.»
17 July 1969, the day after the launch of «Apollo 11» and after 49 years after mocking the article, the editors of the New York Times has published an official apology in the address of Robert Goddard.
In June 1924, he married Esther Christine Kisk, whom he met in 1919. In 1945, the scientist died of cancer. This man is the epitome of how perseverance and patience, faith in their ideals, dreams, in yourself and help you achieve a truly cosmic heights. So the next time relaxing at the bar, raise a glass of pevcheskogo for the pioneer of rocketry, Robert Goddard.