Nelson Mandela — an intelligent freedom fighter

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Now almost in our eyes, a legend dies of our time, Nelson Mandela. And although at first we vowed not to write about politics, in the case of Nelson, we changed his principles. We decided it would be appropriate to write about him during his lifetime, to people who don’t know this person, understand what is the figure equal in importance Ernesto Che Guevara or Fidel Castro.

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This man with the birth name was Rolihlahla, which in the local dialect means «tears of the branches of the tree.» His father had four wives and had 12 children. But when our hero went to school, he was given the European name to conveniently refer to it. No one then even suspected that «naughty, shaking the trees» will become a Nelson Mandela — the first black President of South Africa and a man who was held in prison for their beliefs for nearly 27 years.

Up to a certain point Nelson was the most common representative of the younger branch of the ruling ethnic group PAIRS, of which the ordinary man almost nothing is known. He ran through the village, went to school, went to College and entered the University because he was allowed the status. His first real rebellion was… reluctance to marry. The guy went to Johannesburg, where he worked as a watchman in the mines, but he was quickly found and asked to come home. Then, agreeing with his guardian, Nelson returns home, where he continues calmly to learn more.

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But rebellious nature is manifested again in our hero, and he begins to actively go to the protests, from the protest about the rise in prices for journey in the bus and ending with the protests against the infringement of indigenous inhabitants of South Africa. And all because then it was really bad. Most important, I fought against something Nelson — the policy of apartheid, according to which some peoples were forcibly herded into reservations. Also the black population oppressed by white Africans, created a sphere of life in which the indigenous people were not and could not be designated, prohibited marriages and sexual relations with members of other races, was designated for «whites» and «blacks», for the latter it was much worse. Of course, neither Nelson nor his colleagues didn’t like it. Guys rebel for life and death, but in the meantime, following the advice of the immensely respected Gandhi, Nelson did not want non-peaceful confrontations.

5 Dec 1956 Nelson and his associates were taken into custody, they were charged with treason and affiliation to the Communist party (and it was a very, very bad for Europeans). But this time all ended well: Nelson and his friends were acquitted. Was Mandela a Communist, really? So, man, as it turned out after many many years, they were.

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Peaceful methods of solving problems never help, dude, that is not surprising: the government quickly gets used to the protests, and later shrugs off protesters, as from importunate flies. Has not happened shot peaceful demonstration of workers, which in the future became history as the «Shot in Sharpeville», Mandela and could not conceive of violence. Nelson after that «bloody STEAM-resurrection» realized «enough is enough», and was created together with man, who have rich experience of war, Wolfie Cadecom, the military wing of the African national Congress. The money raised from the West (and, perhaps, Nelson is not so hero?), dudes decided to blow up passport offices, monuments and other nishtyaki, trying to make no one was hurt. Pretty soon, the struggle Mandela turned into a full-scale guerrilla war with the government. Mandela himself became persona non grata in many European countries. The ban, that’s funny, took as much in 2008.

Camera NelsonCamera Nelson

But not everything was as good as could be. The CIA helped the South African government in the search for Mandela, who successfully hid underground for almost 17 months. The first time he was sentenced to 5 years imprisonment. A year later in the hands of the regime fell and the other leaders of the ANC, which for a company with a Nelson was accused of treason. They also remembered the explosions of various factories and power plants. Himself Mandela uttered his last words on the process: «in the course of my life I dedicated myself to the struggle for the African people. I fought against the domination of «white» and against the domination of «black». I honored the ideal of a democratic and free society in which all citizens live in harmony and have equal opportunities. This is the ideal for which I am prepared to live and to which I aspire. But if it be necessary, for the sake of this ideal I am prepared to die». To die did not work: almost all leaders of the ANC were sentenced to life imprisonment.

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18 years Mandela spent in prison in a picturesque location with the telling name «the Cape of Good Hope», where you will learn patience and wisdom, and will genuinely love working with garbage, hoping to find among the scraps and junk pieces of Newspapers, which are carefully collected, washed and read in the evenings in his solitary confinement. To Mandela and his friends in the prison were treated the worst. He was allowed to write one letter every six months, responses to letters were late and were almost unreadable because of the actions of censorship. Fed the rebels, too, the worst of all: the food was bad, and it was frankly not enough. Mandela studied by correspondence at the University of London (wow!) and worked at a limestone quarry. In parallel, Nelson and his fight was awarded the exceptional attention from the international human rights movement. Mandela has repeatedly offered to be released from prison in exchange for a cessation of rebel activities, but the man refused, reasonably adding that «a Prisoner cannot enter into contracts». After 18 years of Nelson was transferred to another prison with a more civilized order, where he was finally permitted to communicate with colleagues.

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However, all’s well that ends well. In 1990, Nelson finally was allowed to go free for this event watched by the whole world. It was a real fame as a rock star! People love rebels. Now Mandela can operate openly. The situation in the country was tense and it was stressful, but it’s not so bad: ANC leader Chris Hani was shot. It was all frankly sucks, but Mandela, who learned in 27 years of obedience and serenity, appeared on television, which reported that the population did not lose composure. And his reputation influenced the situation in the country: in 1994, South Africa held its first democratic elections. And who won? Clearly, Mandela with 62 percent of the democratic votes, and you say 146…

Mandela behaves like a normal President. He builds a lot of clinics provides residents access to water, restores the in the country of education (now it is mandatory for all black children regardless of gender) and gives people hope. After the resignation of Nelson is almost a symbol of intelligent resistance and struggle against AIDS. It’s a pretty interesting person with a warm heart and a sharp tongue. «Yesterday I was called a terrorist, and when I got out of prison, many people, including his enemies, recognized me. So I usually say to those who says that the people fighting for independence in their countries, the terrorists. I’ll say this: anyone who accuses of terrorism depends on whose side wins. Interesting quote.

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