Myths and facts about «digital dementia»
The term «digital dementia» came from South Korea, before anyone embarked on the path of digitization in the country. Today, 83.8 per cent of South Koreans have Internet access, 73% of Koreans own a smartphone (that’s more than in the U.S., 56.4 per cent, and almost 3 times more than in Russia and 36.2%). It is in «the land of morning calm» for the first time, lightning noticed the stupefaction of the population. People (mostly young people) suffer from memory loss, attention deficit disorder, cognitive impairment, anxiety and depression, low self-control. Moreover, their «gray matter» was found changes similar to those that occur after traumatic brain injury and early dementia. Simply put, dementia.
On the one hand, smartphones have made our lives much easier, making it variety and comfort. And the toilet was to sit interesting, you can go anywhere, and texts to write. A couple of taps with your fingers on the sensor – and any information at your feet. But for all the charm you need to pay, in this case their own brain. Personally, our country has entered the digital stage recently, while the comrades of the foreign countries stew in digital boiler at least 20 years. Testing bright minds of the representatives of the digital generation, the scientists came to the conclusion that their brains are arranged differently. It’s very simple: their minds are not delayed as much information as their parents. Why, when you can go to the source, which is always at hand. But if this reasoning, then the last geniuses with encyclopedic knowledge, was the CRO-magnons. Their dark heads were stored a lot of information about how to make the tip of the spear to gut a wild creature, to make fire. And then there was writing, and people became gradually «degraded». The fact that knowledge has become so much that to fit in the head of them was simply impossible. And now the volume is growing exponentially. Over the past 10 years we have created more data than in the entire history of mankind. After this something is not to know becomes not so embarrassing. Because our brain was formed in dark age of collecting. For example, our distant hairy ancestors with malocclusion could be a lifetime to meet not more than 1000 people. Now for a hike to work you can meet the same.
Many cite scary numbers: a 16-year-old child spends on the screen an average of 1 year, 18-year – 4 years. On average, communication with the screen in a day takes at least 8 hours. But not all 8 hours are wasted. So, most time is spent not studying, fellowship and games. But isn’t communication forms the society? Just online interaction – a new form. Besides, it’s silly at this age to refuse such source of information. And we know that any knowledge is important.
Eminent scientists who have spent a lifetime on researching this problem, called this time the «stolen» because it is being used in vain. It is not spent talking with parents, reading books and music. Obvious nonsense, since everyone listens to music online, some through the Internet learn the basics of playing the instrument. And do they remember yourself at 18? Frequently communicated with parents? Parents are happy to relax after work.
And our brain adapts to new needs. But it is necessary and important to be able to weed out unnecessary information. To determine that the flow of news is important and what is secondary, and be able to do it quickly. Old classic conceptual thinking when it was important to understand the essence of things, much out of date, it’s too «slow» processing huge shaft information. To guard against information overload, our brains went the way of clip thinking.
The scientists write that the world has shrunk almost to the size of the tablet screen. Now children not to drive on streets and yards, do not climb trees, do not let boats in the ponds and puddles, jumping on the rocks, do not run in the rain, not talking to each other for hours, not stealing cherries, and sitting, buried in a smartphone or tablet. Sports no one does, growing a solid fifth point. Yes, of course, the Internet is a lot of waste of time, but it’s all in the planning and monitoring of this time. 50 years ago, there were people who spent hours staring at the ceiling, ignoring life’s pleasures.
The main problem is that the carriers are unable to analyze, the world is transformed into a set of disparate fragments. In September 2011, respected British newspaper «daily Telegraph» published an open letter 200 British teachers, psychiatrists, neuroscientists. They tried to attract the attention of society and decision-makers, to the problem of immersion of children and adolescents in the digital world, which dramatically affects their ability to learn. Ask any teacher and he will tell you that teaching children was much harder. They are poorly characterized, are unable to focus, easily tired, should turn immediately grab the smartphone. In such a situation it is difficult to expect that the school will teach the child to think, because in his mind there is simply no material for thinking.
In addition, the representatives of the digital generation, formed a fundamentally different mechanism of remembering: they do not record the facts and the contents and the location of the desired information. Perception of the world for them is different.
But do not rush to break your laptop and throw them out the window «iPhone». Otherwise to cope with the volume of information is impossible. Only if you destroy all of the technical equipment and return to the tree. Moreover, after all the disturbances and requirements of scientists claim that the level of intelligence of children-Internet users do not fall, but rather grows by knowledge, because it gives much more information than the parents and textbooks. Besides, the habit of «googling» is not a sign of dementia, a new generation of much pragmatic old. Well, would you go to the library if you have at hand a source of information. I will say, lazy? But laziness – the engine of progress, don’t forget.
Clip thinking is the next stage of human evolution, because it is a transitional stage to multitasking. Julius Caesar could do several things. Digital generation can simultaneously «scroll», write and listen to music. Although it can be trained. But digital children from birth endowed with a brilliant gift of Gaius Julius Caesar. Although there have spoiled ubiquitous scientists. They conducted experiments on students «mnogozadachnosti» and «nemnogonado», forced them to focus on geometric shapes, imperceptibly changing them to loud music. It turned out that nemnogonado able to perform the assigned volumes.
What do we do? To live your life. Earlier on people immersed in deep reading laughing now all the way around. You can’t ignore technology, so, next time when your grandmother would yell, «All day sitting at computation! Going blind, irradiated!» – just ignore. If you hide from technology, you can fall out of life. So just don’t spend aimless hours at the computer, and follow our advice. If you want to.