Learn to swim correctly

Now the fashion on the voyage was literally rampant. Every second goes to the pool every second I bought a hat and sunglasses and every second dreams of broad shoulders, like Arnie (though he was not a swimmer) and pretty with a wet body.

But in order to swimming has brought some benefit, you need to pay more attention to the art of swimming, breathing and other nuances. Consider the most popular errors that occur while swimming.




Crawl is the most popular method of swimming on the chest or back. Any student in the pool or the sea foams the water during simulated front crawl. When swimming crawl on a breast the hands make alternate Mahi-strokes, like the wings of a windmill, and feet rhythmically shifted and parted like a pair of scissors. Same thing on the back. The only difference: when swimming on the breast the direction of movement of the hands from behind the head by itself, while swimming on the back of your hand go in the opposite direction.


Breath have to do through the mouth, turning the head in the direction of the hand under water. Inhale at the beginning of the swing, because at this point, the water around the head gives way a little. Need to exhale through the nose and mouth before the next breath. In General, the rules need to breathe on every third wave of the hand over the water. The breaths will alternate right and left. But you’re not in the competition (if you’re a professional swimmer, the coaches for years of training has brought your movement in the water to automatism), so breathe convenient.


Swimmer like sitting in the water: the chin pressed against the chest, legs bent. Should monitor body position in the water, start the movement with a straight leg – it will save from errors.

The most common mistakes in swimming crawl: my knees seem from the water – significantly reduced load and reduced swimming efficiency; it is necessary to monitor the position of the legs when swimming – they must be straight. Don’t hold your chin to your chest, go straight leg. This should help to avoid mistakes.

Not zaprokidawati head back. In fact, he himself drown: the water flooded the face and interfere with breathing. Professionals recommend to slightly tilt your head to his chest.

And, most importantly, not have to paddle too deep and row straight arm. First, this tire quickly, and secondly, the efficiency is zero.




Many butterfly (or, as they say, «Dolphin») is considered the most difficult style. The butterfly is extremely important to follow proper technique. In contrast to the free style, breaststroke and backstroke to butterfly, you can get a good speed by only physical force. The main difficulty for beginners carries a simultaneous return of all body and hand over water in initial position, as this still need to breathe.

The technique of the butterfly involves simultaneous movement of feet and hands. An important role is played by a wave-like motion of the human body. So, it is not only the movement of arms and legs. In the starting position, the fin located on the belly on the water, hands stretched forward, leg stretched back. Oh, and then rushed.

Hand movements include 3 main phases: for yourself, myself, return. But they can be divided into smaller components. At first the movements are somewhat similar to brass, hand dipped in the water with his palms to the sides and slightly down) at about shoulder level, and then bred in hand. Then hands describes a semicircle around the torso, elbows located above the brush, and the brush head down and slightly under.

Afterwards comes a «phase of no return» at which the hand is rapidly transferred forward without bending the elbows. Hands need to relax. This phase starts at the moment when the hands are still in the water, then they take out a sharp push forward through the efforts of the muscles of the triceps. It is important not to plunge too soon into the water, since the forward movement of the water creates additional resistance.

Well, and the third phase: the hands are again immersed in water for a length of shoulders, thumbs down. Breed them wider, or erect it is not recommended not to reduce the stroke. A number of swimmers still prefers to touch your hands at this point, which gives them the opportunity to do a stroke more energetic. But doing so only the real pros. If in the initial phase of the movement the hand describes a semicircle, then at the end of a phase «» they can move in parallel.

Don’t forget about the feet. Legs are 50 percent effective butterfly. When the butterfly leg movements similar to the movement in rabbits, but here the legs do not move in turns, but simultaneously. Here it becomes clear where the Shoe, or to be more precise, the fins have the second name of the style is «Dolphin».

With a strong movement upside down, then the weak down on the water surface will be considered head and shoulders to make a saving breath of air, then a strong movement of the legs down and climbs up a weak back.

Feet keep together like flippers to avoid losing in the effort. Some swimmers can combine the movement of the hands with Dolphin strokes legs of brass. This alloy is quite natural, as the butterfly is born as a variation of the breaststroke around 1953 And in 2001 in the professional swimming rules did not forbid this combination.


The worst thing is that the time to breath very little. Begin to breathe in on the last phase of hand movements: a stroke on the chest raises the body above the water. Raising the head, the person may breathe through the mouth. But the head above the water hold is not necessary, as this will lead to slow down. Doing an exhalation through the nose and mouth during the next cycle before the next breath. Some people like to do breath in through the side as in a free style, but this is, as they say, an Amateur.


A feature of the style is that any wrong movement could be considered a mistake. The main thing to remember complex formula of interaction of all parts of the body when swimming. Should not take too long to hold hands under water. The hardest time to pull the head to the surface, as many novice swimmers there is a tendency, when the head when the butterfly is steadily lowered into the water.




When swimming breaststroke, the athlete lies on his chest, and arms and legs performs symmetric motion in the plane. Main difference from other styles is that the brass all movements which the swimmer performs the hands are carried out without their removal from the water. Therefore, brass is considered to be the fastest and most silent form of swimming. If the scouts are prepared, then you definitely should choose brass.

In the first phase, hands must be immersed in water deeper, and then breed them in different directions, with palms outward. Bend your arms do not, they must be parallel to the water surface. The next phase takes place inside the stroke in which the hands turn around with palms down and the water pushes back. Then the palms are joined at the chest and elbows on the sides of the body. In the last phase of the hands go forward again, reaching the initial positions. In the course of all actions of the hands hands should be chest level.

As for the legs when you are raking in the hand, the legs are compressed. The feet need to plant much wider than the knees, and then to perform a powerful push with both feet. At this time, the hands extend forward of the athlete.


In this swimming style the head of the athlete should be fully repeated movement by the spine. At that moment, when the hands down the torso, creates a seat to raise the head above the surface. Oxygen is needed by mouth, exhale the air you need nose and mouth during further movement until a new breath. To accelerate, you can not exercise permanent surfacing.


Lighter than brass, except that crawl. However, there occur errors. First, a wrong work of his hands. They linger in the divorce, do not unfold your hands, and this reduces the efficiency of swimming. Well, and feet. Legendary push the feet does not when necessary. Some prefer the breaststroke leg movements, like rabbits. Not bad, but that’s not the style.

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