Intriguing discoveries that you didn’t know
Mysteries of ancient times tested hundreds of inquisitive minds of our time. And it is so nice that some of them desire to get to the truth can be a matter of life. And now we are not talking about space, not about the depths of the sea, and about the mysteries that may seem unworthy of attention. Show respect for others work and get acquainted with the discoveries of which you have hardly ever heard of.
1. Why Palmyra was located in the Syrian desert
About 2000 years ago, Palmyra was a major trading centre of the Roman Empire. But historians could not understand how a town with population 100 000 inhabitants could thrive in the middle of the Syrian desert. And most importantly, why people agree to live there, despite the harsh climatic conditions? A team of Norwegian and Syrian scientists have finally solved the mystery. Palmyra and about three dozen villages surrounding the ancient Roman used the network of reservoirs to make the arid steppes green and fertile. Collecting and directing the channels to the annual rainfall (12-15 inches) from the seasonal storms in these reservoirs, the ancient inhabitants worked the land with variety of crops. It gave Palmyra a stable source of food even during a drought and made this place a true oasis of the desert, with alleys, arches and a lively marketplace. The city prospered as a major trade center connecting the Eastern with the Western civilization. Although the Persians and the Parthians controlled the East, and the Romans ruled the West, and between them was situated a small independent Kingdom. Each of the governors demanded that the travelers that use water routes along the rivers of the Euphrates and the Nile, paying exorbitant taxes. But traders have found workarounds and have stayed in Palmyra, adding to the coffers of the city, allowing it to flourish and act.
2. The disappearance of the civilization of Nazca
For many years historians were puzzled by the mysterious disappearance of the Nasca Civilization, which existed in Peru about 500 C. E. the People of these tribes belongs the authorship of the famous Nazca lines – enormous geoglyphs carved on their lands. In recent years, scientists have found that the people themselves become the direct cause of its own destruction. Engaged in felling of trees, huarango to clear areas for agriculture, humans have caused irreparable damage to the environment. These nitrogen-fixing trees increased humidity and soil fertility. In the end, the climate became very dry for growing food. In their study, and papers dealing with this issue, archaeologist David Beresford-Jones writes that «huarango was a source of fodder, timber and fuel for local residents. The trees were responsible for a high level of fertility and soil moisture, improve the harsh conditions of the desert climate due to the thick leaf cover.» Clearing of land led to the fact that the area was vulnerable to strong sandstorms in the region and floods El niño. The inhabitants of Nazca could no longer grow enough food to feed people died from hunger, disease and natural disasters.
3. Moroccan village built on a pile of stones
At an altitude of about 3900 meters above sea level is the village Around, directly on the huge pile of rocks in the Atlas mountains in Morocco. And origin of these rocks put scientists in a deadlock for over 130 years. Many assumed that the movement of the glacier led to their formation, but modern methods of determining the age of rocks indicate the seismic activity that occurred 4,500 years ago. The village is situated near a major tectonic fault, which is located at the foot of the mountain. The collapse occurred approximately 7,000 years after the glacier has melted, but the earthquake was the actual cause of this rock slide. Moreover, this place enjoys wide popularity with travelers as a lot got there and immediately begin to complain of physical ailments and a feeling of anxiety and disorientation. Here is what senior researcher Philip Hughes: «I joke about the «curse» of the village Around. This year we are in a very serious vortex, just stepped on the territory of the valley. We were not able to stand on his feet, which is quite unusual for this part of the world where the climate is hot and calm. Maybe this is one mystery we still have to solve.
4. Why was blinded Mary Ingalls
For starters, who is Mary Ingalls? This girl was the younger sister of the famous writer Laura Ingalls Wilder, author of the popular children’s book «Little house on the Prairie». In it she wrote that her sister went blind after suffering 14 years of scarlet fever. Figure it out. Next on stage is some sort of Dr. Beth Tarini was extremely surprised by this side effect of still being a medical student. In her memoirs she writes that when there was a lecture on scarlet fever, she told the Professor that I had read that this disease can go blind. What the Professor said, that’s bullshit, and if scarlet fever causes blindness, it is only temporary. More percent chance the patient could die, but not go blind.
Beth Tarini interest piqued even more. Perhaps she had no personal life, and she was just a lonely woman, but one way or another, she decided to get to the truth and started a detective business called «Why blind Mary Ingalls». Beth found that Laura wrote a letter to his daughter, rose, in 1937, describing Mary’s illness. A couple of lines from it showed that Mary suffered from severe headaches and partial paralysis on one side of the face. Beth summarized these records in his diary as questioning close relatives of the girl. These memoirs were several decades before a modern Professor of medicine, stumbled on writing and reading them, came to the conclusion that the most likely cause of the blind girl wasn’t scarlet fever or even a lupus, and viral meningoencephalitis, which affects the brain and spinal cord, and the defeat of the optic nerve can also lead to blindness.
5. Twenty-year search for the missing Opera
Enrique Granados, the famous Spanish composer, wrote the Opera «Maria del Carmen» in 1898. At its premiere in Madrid attended by the Queen of Spain, and after she gave Enrique a distinctive Cross of Charles III for such amazing music. The fame of the composer went beyond his native country, and he was invited along with his wife in new York’s Opera «Metropolitan Opera» at the premiere of another of his works. On the way back to their ship sank, the couple died. «Maria del Carmen» was sold to an American musician and the eldest son of Granados, as funds for the maintenance of other children were lacking. Over the next few decades ownership of the music appealed. During the proceedings, it became clear that the Opera was supposedly destroyed in a warehouse fire in new York in 1970. Twenty years a student of Walter Clark, who worked on a thesis about missing works of art, think seriously about the fate of the «Maria del Carmen», because no one has done a proper inventory after the fire. For another couple of decades, the guy was looking for a missing Opera. He contacted the grandson of the man who bought «Maria», and in 2009, his quest was crowned with success. «Maria del Carmen» was resumed, and then published by Trito. For the first time since 1899, the Opera will also show in Spain in 2015.